TikTok Index

Topical (under construction)

Leaf shape & arrangement; Flower dissection & description, Legumes; Daisies; Trees & woody plants; Horticulture; Apalachicola National Forest s.l.; St. George Island and coastal flora; Mid-Missouri; Huntington.


2021.05.07.01 “Sassafras in May in MO” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDWngas/

2021.05.08.01 “Emerging oak foliage in May in MO” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDWXqCF/

2021.05.08.02 Acer negundo, opposite leaves: “Acer negundo in MO in early May” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDWWLDq/

2021.05.08.03 Aesculus, palmately compound leaves: “Buckeye leaves in early May in Mid MO” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDWcepF/

2021.05.08.04. Oak leaves unfurling in MO, vestiture: “Young oak vestiture in early May in MO” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDWwgbv/

2021.05.08.05.  Acer negundo, fruiting type. “Acer negundo along a Missouri stream in early May”https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDWWfRN/

2021.05.08.06 Oak leaves unfurling “Emerging oak leaves in early May” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDWssUe/

2021.04.08.07 Similar but very different leaves of Virginia Creeper and Poison Ivy.  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDWKR3o/

2021.05.08.08 Redbud leaves cordate, entire https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDWCkKy/

2021.05.08.09 Peony bud at Lake Ozark. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDW7kUK/

2021.05.08.10 Prunus serotina flowers “Prunus serotina in Lake Ozark in early May #prunus #botany #flowering”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDWoJfq/

2021.05.08.11 Prunus serotina immature fruit”Prunus serotina early fruiting stages in Lake Ozark, in early May” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDW3AYP/

2021.05.08.12 Iris, flower structure of bearded iris https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDW7SVC/

2021.05.08.13 Mimosa bipinnate leaf, closing “Mimosa pudica, Sensitive Plant, a single, bi-compound leaf at HNT” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDWQnMQ/

2021.05.08.14 Nasturtium leaf with dewdrop “Trapaeolum (Nasturtium) leaf with morning dew  #botany  #dew  #peltate  #leaf” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDW3tTf/

2021.05.08.15 Ailanthus altissima in Lake Ozark, expanding new foliage. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDWqocy/

2021.05.08.16 Lonicera maackii at Bagnell Dam, Lake Ozark “Lonicera maackii, an invasive honeysuckle native to Asia – here visited by large bumblebees. #botany  #missouri  #invasivespecies” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDWwTy9/

2032.05.07.17 Smilax (in flower) and other vines at Bagnell Dam Lake Ozark “Smilax and other vines at Bagnell Dam, early May  #vines  #botany  #lakeozarkmo” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDW7mQX/

2021.05.08.18 Dandelion infructescence https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDWcJDr/

2021.05.08.19 Rubus flowering at. Bagnell Dam, Lake Ozark.  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDWXoaB/

2021.05.09.01 Corn silks “Corn reminds us that each silk belongs to a different kernel, because each kernel is the pistil of a different flower. #corn  #botanyhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDWnES6/

2021.05.09.02  Garlic has no sex life “Cultivation has led to sterility in garlic, one of many plants that shows the impact of long-term use by humans. #garlic #bulbs #vampires #sex” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDWoH1u/

2021.05.09.03 Peony bud expansion https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDWQuG3/

2021.05.10.01. Onions, pondering mirepoix “An Onion is a bulb with a short stem that makes new leaves at its tip, effectively inside – like a self-made Russian doll. #botany #bulb #onionringshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDWVgYB/

2021.05.10.02 Onion sheathing of leaf scales “Dissecting an Onion shows that the earlier leaves (scale leaves) envelop the newer ones, because the stem remains short. #onion #bulb #botanyhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7hAqK/

2021.05.10.03 Onion, long section “An onion long-section, showing the short stem that produces all of the scale leaves – which chefs might call rings. #bulb #botany #onions #onionringshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD72FQE/

2021.05.10.04 The Onion stem elongates at flowering https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7Ut7t/ 

2021.05.10.05 Robinia in flower in Booneville “Robinia in full flower in MO. A Legume, this handsome Eastern native tree has become invasive in several parts of the world. #legume #locusthttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD784om/

2021.05.11.01 Peony bud expanding, two days further along https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7rJUJ/

2021.05.11.02 Redbud, maturing legume “A legume is a fruit, a pistil, made of one carpel, which botanists consider a special leaf. #cercis #legume #carpel #pistil #fruit #botanyhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7Lmhs/

2021.05.11.03 Plant-based beer https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRejSoFe/

2021.05.12.01 The Peony opens https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7RF6v/

2021.05.13.01 Peony flowers, showing sepals, at the church, Lake Ozark https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7eXd2/

2021.05.13.02 Peony single and double flowers at the church in Lake Ozark https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7SxMN/

2021.05.13.03 To an insect, an Iris is three flowers “To a pollinator, an Iris comes across as three separate flowers.  #Iris  #pollination  #style  #botany  #flowerfriendly” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7UbgU/

2921.05.13.04 Juniperus virginiana female tree “Female Juniperus virginiana showing glaucous, fleshy cones. Botanically, these are cones, not true berries. #juniper #fleshycone #botany #gin” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7NN1U/

2021.05.13.05 PlantagoPlantago is in full bloom, with its showy stamens. #plantago #plantaginaceae #plantfamilies” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7ytjf/

2021.05.15.01 Hesperis along a road north of Eldon “The gradually-spreading, invasive Hesperis matronalis (Dame’s Rocket) along MO 87 in Moniteau County, mid-May. #botany #crucifer #invasive” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMReeyADu/

2021.05.16.01 Penstemon “Penstemon pallidus(?) along road cuts at the Etterville farm, mid-MO in mid-May. Steyermark Flora of Missouri. #botany #key” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7yjCP/

2021.05.16.02 Hickory, perhaps Carya glabra, at Pleasure Point, Lake Ozark “Carya glabra(?) at Bagnell Dam, mid-May, showing its compound keaves and two developing pistils. #hickory #lakeozark #botanytok” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7yjxb/

2021.04.16.03 Bark of the previous tree, likely Pignut Hickory, Carya glabra https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7F245/

2021.05.15.04 Peony, six days on, fully open https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD78Vsa/

2021.05.16.05 Penstemon cobaea in nice bloom along Horseshoe Bend connector https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7US2t/

2021.05.16.06 Mockernut Hickory leaves “Mockernut Hickory as compared to Pignut Hickory #trees #leaves #ozarksmissourihttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7empU/

2021.05.18.01 Peonies, fully blown, after a rain   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7Bcxo/

2021.05.18.02 Catalpa in the flats east of Poplar Bluff on MO 53 https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7Bcxo/

2021.05.18.03 Catalpa continued https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7Bcxo/

2021.05.18.04 Catalpa specimen in Tennessee “A handsome Catalpa south of Dyersberg, TN in mid-May. #tree #catalpawoodhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7N9db/

2021.05.18.05 Catalpa, shed blossoms, TN “Fallen Catalpa flowers in Tennessee. #flowering #fallen #catalpahttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7D7xN/

2021.05.19.01 Hemerocallis floral parts, at St. George Island https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD76pXQ/

2021.05.29.02 Hemerocallis follow-up, fruit development “Floral and fruit development stages in a Daylily. #fruit #flower #daylilyhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7FbUC/

2021.05.20.01. Cattails in Tate’s Hell, Franklin County, FL “Cattails pack tiny male on a the stem, above the crowded mass of female flowers that form the cat’s tail. #typha” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7pCgY/

2021.05.20.02 Dwarf Cypress at Swamp boardwalk, Tate’s Hell “Tate’s Hell dwarf cypress boardwalk, showing reproduction of Taxodium (cypress). #cones” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7Qx9T/

2021.05.20.02 Boardwalk into Dwarf Cypress, Tate’s Hell “Boardwalk into dwarf cypress forest in Tate’s Hell.  #boardwalk  #taxodium  #swamp  #florida  #apalachicolahttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7aWjA/

2021.05,20.03 Water lilies in Tate’s Hell “Water lilies among the walk leading to the dwarf cypress boardwalk. #waterlily  #utriculariahttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD74gBF/

2021.05.20.04 Hydrocotyle leaves at house “Hydrocotyle, in the Aralia family (think Ivy and Schefflera), has peltate (shield-shaped) leaves. #peltate #leafshapehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7cHyD/

2021.05.21.01 Serenoa repens in flower on SGI “Saw palmetto (Serena repens) in flower on St. George Island on the 21st day of the 21st week of the 21st year of the 21st century. #Palmhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7uXsT/

2021.05.21.02 Juniperus virginiana female plant on SGI “A revisit of female Juniperus virginiana cones, this time on St. George Island, FL. #cones #juniper #plantshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7xSxA/

2021.05.21.03 Hydrocotyle has vertical leaves “Hydrocotyle in flower, with its leaves facing the sun. #heliotropic #umbelshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7gkLK/

2021.05.21.04 Nerium oleander on SGI “Oleander still thriving in Florida. #toxic #xylella #scorch #nerium”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7VV2Y/

2021.05.22.01 Costapalmate as a term “A “costapalmate” leaf, with its reduced, tapering rachis, termed a “costa.”  #costapalmate  #leaf  #palm  #botany  #morphologyhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD7ss6Y/

2021.05.22.02 Sabal palmetto infructescence “Sabal palmetto, from the porch perch on St. George Island. #sabal #costapalmate #leaf #WhatABeautifulMorninghttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDvPaQT/

2021.05.22.03 Sand Beach tower, overlooking the marsh “Apalachicola Bay from Sand Beach. #marsh #spartina”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDv5Fxg/

2021.05.22.04 Bidens at Sand Beach, ANF area “Bidens in the Florida panhandle – a white-flowered daisy with barbed, clinging fruit. #dispersal #SpanishNeedlehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDvqkC4/

2021.05.22.05 Asclepius lanceolata en route to Sand Beach, Apalachicola wildlife management area  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDcLxvM/

2021.05.22.06 Stillingia flowering in the Apalachicola forest, enroute to Sand Beach https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDch6Bp/

2021.05.23.01 The day dawns on SGI “The tiniest fraction of Light the Sun produces drives Photosynthesis, which powers all life on Earth. When is enough enough? #photosynthesis #energyhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDcCWr4/

2021.05.23.02 Biodiversity of plants “Today we look at Quercus, Pinus, Vitis, Ilex, and so many other plants as we remember Linnaeus on his birthday, 23 May 1707. #Linnaeus #L #binomialhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDcQp3P/

2021.05.23.03 Hydrocotyle examined “Hydrocotyle leaves, probably not heliotropix (therefore, not growing to follow the sun on a daily basis).” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDcases/

2021.05.23.04 Green leaves and the rainbow “Plants use red and blue light for photosynthesis. Green, the part of the spectrum humans see best, is leftover radiation. #green #photosynthesishttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDcAon5/

2021.05.24.01 Sanseveria (Dracaena) at the airport “Sansevieria is now considered a particular group of plants in the genus Dracaena; we say it is subsumed to, or lumped into Dracaena#plantshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDccMxx/

2021.05.25.01 Hydrangea quercifolia at HNT “Hydrangea quercifolia at Huntington’s Botanical Gardens, showing sterile and fertile flower forms. #flowers #fertilehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDcTssB/

2021.05.25.02 Dawn Redwood true survivor “Dawn Redwood at Huntington Gardens, a “living fossil” known from fossil specimens before scientists knew there were relictual populations in China” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDc3Va8/

2021.05.25.03 Dawn Redwood foliage “Dawn Redwood leaves are produced by branches that fall off in autumn, thus making the simple leaves resemble compound leaves of other kinds of trees.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD32bBp/

2021.05.25.04 Vitis tendrils  “Grapes are rapacious and curious, producing specialized stems that are either fertile, or develop as tendrils. #vitishttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD3RSaj/

2021.05.25.05 Star Jasmine “Star Jasmine, Trachelospemum jasminiodes, is in the Apocynaceae, unrelated to true Jasmine, which is in the Olive family.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD3A7gp/

2021.05.26.06 Echium wildpretiiEchium wildpretii, a Canary Island curiosity in The Huntington’s Desert Garden. #borage  #ScorpoidCymeshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD3QNkN/

2021.05.25.07 Golden Barrel, a handsome specimen “An ancient Golden Barrel Cactus in The Huntington’s Desert Garden #cacti #areole #spineclusterhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD3UT9V/

2021.05.26.01 Carpenteria in flower at HNT “Carpinteria californica, called Bush Poppy, is actually a uniquely organized Hydrangea relative. #flower #nodehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDTNL8H/

2021.05.26.02 Bougainvillea inflorescence structure “Bougainvillea has three-part inflorescences in which the showiest elements are the bracts, essentially red leaves. #bracthttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdD3KXnp/

2021.05.26.03. Pomegranate flowers “Pomegranate, Punica granata, forms a leathery garnet-colored fruit inside which each seed makes a juicy outer layer called a sarcotesta” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDTL54X/

2021.05.26.04 Acacia trichomes and vestiture “Acacia podalyriifolia, from Australia, with all parts covered by white, soft pubescence (trichomes) #vestiturehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDT5xXw/

2021.05.27.01 Euphorbia ingens in Pasadena “Euphorbia ingens shows beautifully 3-lobes fruit characteristic of this large plant family #euphorb #fruithttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDTrAu1/

2021.05.27.02 Washingtonia growth and structure “Washingtonia palm shows the simplest form of plant architecture, everything you see produced by a single growing tip. #meristemhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDTYWnD/

2021.05.27.03 Washingtonia filifera with its full petticoat “Washingtonia filifera, retaining its full petticoat of dead leaves. #palm #petticoathttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDTmLRg/

2021.05.27.04 Acanthus and design motifs “Acanthus inspired flourishes and scroll-work associated with ancient Mediterranean design. #leaf #designhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDTqFHJ/

2021.05.27.05 Darlingtonia at HNT “A new exhibit on Darlingtonia californica is coming to The Huntington’s Rose Hills Conservatory. Stay tuned. #carnivoreshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDTpyyJ/

2021.05.27.06 The bipinnatadid leaf of Albizia. “The bipinnatifid (compound) leaf of Albizzia, as compared to a Metasequoia branch with simple leaves. #leafhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDTTvYF/

2021.05.28.01 Easter Lily vine in Montecito “Beaumontia grandiflora, the Easter Lily vine, has tubular flowers made of five united petals, and is not at all related to lilies. #apocynaceaehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDT43aS/

2021.05.28.02 California Poppy, Montecito “Rhomneya coulteri, the Matilija Poppy, an aggressive yet welcome addition to the landscape. #californianative #poppyhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDwjFfo/

2031.05.28.03 A majestic Torrey Pine in Carpenteria “Pinus torreyana, a planted tree in Carpenteria, CA, is thought to be the largest specimen in the world. Natively, it has a highly restricted range.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDwmeeV/

2021.05.29.01 A disjunction in Liquidambar “Liquidambar formosana, an Asian relative of North America’s Sweetgum, L. styraciflua #vicariadshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDwHr2A/

2021.05.29.02 Cork Oak bark “Quercus suber at The Huntington. In 1665, Robert Hooke described “cells”through studying thin slices of cork with his microscope. #cellhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDwpDp1/

2021.05.29.03 Cork Oak bark “Cork, the bark of Cork Oak, Quercus suber. Growing and harvesting nice cork is a real (well-compensated) skill in Mediterranean areas.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDwcagk/

2021.05.29.04 Sunflower at the Ranch “A Sunflower is a giant daisy, which tells us it’s a composite of hundreds of smaller flowers – in this case, ray and disk flower forms. #daisyhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRr5dGYn/

2021.05.29.05 Tomato vines “Suckering tomatoes allows gardeners to manipulate the size fruit and quantity of yield by focusing allocation of resources. #suckershttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDKBDpQ/

2021.05.29.06 Tomato flowers “Tomato flowers are buzz pollinated” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDEbpyu/

2021.05.29.07. Apples at the Ranch “Apples are pomes; the edible portion is stem in which the pistils and seed are embedded. #pome #fruithttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDEtpax/

2021.05.29.08 Apricots “Stone fruit, like apricots, peaches, and cherries are drupes, which tells us each has soft outer layers and a hard core that harbors a single seed” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDEHJ6v/

2021.05.29.09 Evening Primroses “Evening Primrose brightens the gloaming with its pollen-packed flowers. #Onagraceaehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDoMWBQ/

2021.05.29.10 Datura “Jimsonweed anthesis, getting set for an exciting evening. #toxic night-flowering” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDEwNJv/

2021.05.29.11 Olive fruiting “These developing Swan Hill olives will probably abort. It’s a nearly sterile selection selected for landscape use. #olives #sterilehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDEvxdK/ 

2021.05.30.01 plantings around Calder “Gold and silver complement a fire-orange Calder at The Huntington”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU1Lrcu/

2021.05.30.02. Lost Blue Atlas “Determined to be a hazard, an ancient Blue Atlas Cedar is lost from Huntington’s landscape” #change #treeshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU11MwJ/

2021.05.30.03 Cassia tomentella in the AG “Cassia tomentella rains it’s golden flowers through a shrubby canopy in The Huntington’s Australian Garden. #legumehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDo3nah/

2021.05.30.04 Cassia tomentella flowers “Cassia flowers up close and personal. Pistil-packing mamas. #legume #pistilhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU1a23d/

2021.05.30.05 Cassia brewsteriCassia brewsteri, an Australian native legume at The Huntington’s botanical gardens. #legume #pistilhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU1Mver/

2021.05.30.06 Brachychiton flowers “Brachychiton in the Huntington Australian Garden. Look it up. A crazy bunch of plants” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU1XmXY/

2021.05.30.07 Taxodium mucronatum, collected from seed in 1912 “Taxodium mucronatum, a native to southern Mexico, at The Huntington. Search the web for the Great Tree of Tule. #cypresshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU15Ceq/

2021.05.30.08 Parkinsonia ’Desert Museum’ abuzz “A-buzz with activity, this legume has attracted thousands of bees to the lower Desert Garden. #legumehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU17v3G/

2021.05.30.09 An Argentinian columnar Echinopsis “The night-blooming, columnar Echinopsis, native to Argentina. #cactushttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU1ETto/c

2021.05.30.10 Datura flower development “The short but glorious life of a Datura blossom. #poison #jimsonweedhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU1v99F/

2021.05.30.11. Yokoi Heritage House construction “A multi-century-old house brings generations of Japanese culture to SoCal. #heritage  #marugame  #kagawa  #yokoihttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUJLNnS/

2021.05.30.12  Echinopsis in nursery “The genus Echinopsis gave grist for hybridzer Bob Schick to generate remarkable horticultural selections. #flyingsaucer #hybrids #selection #cactihttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUJjrat/

2021.05.30.13 Snapdragon “Snapdragons snap open for their pollinators, and kids of all ages.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUJ7VNV/

2021.05.30.14 Dichaea specimens “My own work, from decades past- time to clean up and complete tasks leftover from before I became an administrator. #dichaea #collectionshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUeMQNb/

2021.05.30.15. Herbarium at HNT “The Huntington herbarium, where concepts about plants are linked to physical evidence.  #voucher  #herbarium  #specimenshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUeA1Fk/

2021.05.30.16 Hough’s Encyclopedia of American Woods “Hough’s Encyclopedia of American Woods, a remarkable compilation amassed over 3 decades, before the Depression – then explained by Harrar in 1957” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUeCQQJ/

2021.05.30.17 Mesa Oak “Quercus engelmanii, a native tree in the Pasadena area, can reach impressive sizes. This tree is a seedling from a 200 yr old specimen” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUevd2n/

2021.05.30.18 GardeniaGardenia ‘Radnergia’ flowering at The Huntington #tubular #mothpollinatedhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUeQxaF/

2021.05.30.19 Liu Fang Yuan “Liu Fang Yuan enters summer, as the Lotus readies its blossoms and the stones play their parts” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUevnfJ/

2021.05.30.20 Plantain Courtyard in Liu Fang Yuan “Bananas are often planted in Chinese Garden courtyards” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUeoVfN/

2021.05.31.01 Wisteria and Faux Bois “Wisteria catapults it’s seed far and wide when the dry fruit are soaked” #dispersal  #seedhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUdbFUv/

2021.05.31.02 PassifloraPassiflora flowers form a corona of filigree outgrowths from their stamens – a landing platform for pollinators. #passionhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUR1YM2/

2021.05.31.03 Eucalyptus macrocarpa and its waxy cuticle “Eucalyptus flowers shed their petal and sepal tissue as a pointed cap, exposing the unfurling, showy stamens. #myrtaceae #malleehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdURYakt/

2021.05.31.04 Magnolia “Native to the Southeastern US, Magnolia grandiflora is planted around the world, and has become an important street tree in Shanghai, China” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUR1DRY/

2021.05.31.05 Sesbania in Panama City “The Scarlet Sesbania, a shrubby legume from South America that has become invasive along et edges in Florida.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdURQbpn/

2021.05.31.06 Sesbania foliage “Back in Florida – Describing the pinnately compound leaf of Sesbania punicea #leaf #pinnate #legumehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdURBcB8/

2021.05.31.07 Sycamore leaves “The Eastern Sycamore, showing scurfy trichomes on the newer leaves. #vestiturehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdURsBAP/

2021.05.31.08 Sycamore stipules “Sycamore has spectacular stipules. #leaf #stipulehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdURv3A3/

2021.05.31.09 Sycamore leaf shape “Botanists have elaborate methods for describing shapes of leaves and other plant parts” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdURtYdQ/

 2021.05.31.10 More Sycamore “More on the Sycamore leaf description. “Beach Morning Glory (Ipomea imperati) flourishes in the dunes of St. George Island.  #dunes #floridanativeplants” #veins #leaf #botany #treeshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8QNoR/

2021.06.01 St George Island “Beach Morning Glory (Ipomea imperati) flourishes in the dunes of St. George Island. #dunes #floridanativeplantshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8yBdc/

2021.06.01.01 Ipomoea imperati “A Morning Glory flower has a corolla made of five connate (fused) petals. #convolvulaceaehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8Dgt1/

2021.06.01.02 Sabatia with lovely markings “Sabatia, a gentian on St. George Island with striking color markings a the base of the petals” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8SKvJ/

2021.06.01.03 Cephalanthus occidentalis on SGI “Buttonbush, Cephalanthus, in the Rubiaceae, with its spherical head of flowers, each with a white, tubular, 4-lobed corolla.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8UF2w/

2021.06.01.04 Sabatia take two “Sabatia, take two. Not much more than an inch broad, the flower of this gentian-family plant can still boast striking markings” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULLKw3/

2021.06.02.01 Ruderal Petunia near I-10 “A South American native clings to independence at old house sites in sandy soils of the lower Coastal Plain. #petunia #escapee #tobaccohttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8s6NY/

2021.06.02.02 Pine log harvest. ANF “Slash Pine harvest in Apalachicola National Forest. #timber #forest #lumberhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8oJau/

2021.06.02.03 Hymenocallis in ANF “Hymenocallis in Apalachicola National Forest. Note the corona produced between the anthers (similar to a Daffodil’s trumpet” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8Wsv6/

2021.06.02.04 Albizia foliage “Albizia julibrissin (sometimes called Mimosa), a legume from Asia, has set up housekeeping throughout the Southeasten US” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8sTKK/

2021.06.02.05 Albizia again “With Albizia, each floral pompom is a cluster of flowers – as can be seen from the several buds of unopened clusters” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8EQMd/

2021.06.02.06 Platanthera sprouting “The native Florida orchid, Platanthera chapmanii, blends into roadside vegetation until the flowers develop.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8wcCm/

2021.06.02.07 Native Phlox on roadside North of Blountsville “A lovely Phlox brightens one tiny spot along a 20-mile road in Calhoun County, FL.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8sFSS/

2021.06.02.08 Titi on ANF “Cyrilla racemiflora and Cliftonia monophylla are the only two species in the Cyrillaceae.https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8tSgh/

2021.06.02.09 Titi raceme “A raceme is an unbranched inflorescence in which the many flowers are each borne on a short stalk (a pedicel)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8vHyv/

2021.06.03.01 Earth Air Fire Water on the beach “You can boil plant needs down to the ancient elements of Earth – Air – Fire – Water. Given those assets, plants support life on Earth” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8w33S/

2021.06.03.02 Self-made plants and essential elements “Elements plants use: C HOPKNS CaFe, Mg B Mn SiNiCl CuZn MoNa. Plus many plants work with fungi for mutual gain.  #elements  #nutrients  #symbiosishttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8GQGv/

2021.06.03.03 Cabbage 1″A botanist deconstructs a head of Cabbage – the beginning” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULFMD3/

2021.06.03.02 Cabbage 2 “The Head of Cabbage – step 2: a plan for dissection” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU87qSr/

2021.06.03.03 Cabbage 3 “The Cabbage disassembled – step 3: outer leaves” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULNhQE/

2021.06.03.04 Cabbage 4 “The Cabbage leaf removal continues – part 4: leaf 4 at 7:30, and leaf 5 at about 1:30” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8bME6

2021,06.03..05 Cabbage 5 “The Cabbage beheading continues – part 5: leaf 6 at 5:00 and leaf 7 at 9:00” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8oLLV/

2021.06.03.06 Cabbage 6 “The Cabbage disrobing – part 6, leaves 8-12, with #11 at 3:00 and #12 appearing at 7:00″ https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULRBWU/

2021.06.03.07 Canbage 6a “The Cabbage – intermission.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULdJfT/

2021.06.04.01 Cabbage 7 “The Cabbage loses yet more leaves. Part 7: 36 leaves have been removed.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULRAK9/

2021.06.04.02 Cabbage 9 “The Cabbage stem – interlude to wax poetic over the apical meristem and nodes.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8KAaU/

2021.06.04.03 Cabbage 10 “Getting to the Apical Meristem, which created the stem, the leaves, and axillary buds (one per node, each of which has its own apical meristem.)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUL1qFK/

2021.06.04.04 Cabbage 11 “A Red Cabbage Finale – where to go from here?” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUL8neV/

2021.06.04.04 Cabbage 12 Prep “Cabbage Prep – setting up the color extraction process.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8ThBD/

2021.05.04.05 Cabbage 13 extract “Denouement: Add some lemon juice to your Red Cabbage slaw to keep it from turning blue. #anthocyaninhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULFhX2/

2021.06.04.06 PterocaulonPterocaulon, a Rabbit Tobacco (Compositae) shows lovely secure t tissue – which means leaf tissue that clothes the stem.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULLqoo/ 

2021.06.05.01 Ipomoea imperatiIpomoea imperati again. Note the “emarginate” leaf tip. Botanical jargon is a shortcut for description, avoiding too many words” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8oAGs/

2021.06.05.02 Smilax tendrils “Smilax tendrils form from leaf tissue, either as stipules or modified leaflets. Tendrils are thigmotropic – twisting in response to touch.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8nnBU/

2031.06.05.03 Dietes “Irises (this one is Dietes bicolor, from Africa) have 3 petaloid styles, each paired with a single anther.https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdU8ERWS/

2021,06.05.04 Cynanchum angustifolium the leaner “No burden is he, to bear….” Two light and lovely vines let another herb do the heavy lifting. #adaptationshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrS9gUK/

2021.06.05.05 Cephalanthus guy “Flowers for Brains – the charicatures of Cephalanthus#inflorescence #rubiaceoushttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULQpe9/

2021.06.06.01 MagnoliaMagnolia grandiflora pistils beginning to mature. Numerous, free pistils spirally attach to the stem in this single flower.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULaVPG/

2022.06.06.02  Tomato architecture “Tomatoes are models for studying modular plant growth. Current studies give a lot of information hat could be of value to growers.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULCJG9/

3021.06.06.04 Daylily flower “A Daylily is sacrificed at the end of its one day of flowering. #hemerocallis #monocot #flowerhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUL6oS1/

2021.05.06.05 Daylily floral tube “A crude floral dissection of a Daylily flower, showing the “epipetalous” stamens and the “superior” ovary with its long style.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUL2m8D/

 2021.06.07.01 Ipomoea sagittataIpomoea sagittata, Saltmarsh Morning Glory – with arrowhead-shaped leaves. This is more Sagittate than Hastate” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUL2egN/

2021.06.07.02 Ipomoea sagittata dissection “Ipomea sagittata floral structure. Five epipetalous stamens.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULYvMf/

2021.06.07.03 Ipomoea sagittata stigma “Saltmarsh Morning Glory has a basic floral formula of 5-5-5-2, 5 sepals, 5 petals, 5 stamens, and a pistil of 2 carpels (chambers).” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULaRYH/

2021.06.07.04 Ipomoea sagittata leaf shape “Morning Dawn’s on St George, but the botanist focuses on a bayside Ipomea with really neat leaves.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULFCb4/

2021.06.07.05 Puereria lobata in Tallahassee “Kudzu, Pueraria montana var. lobata, an invasive legume from Asia, famous for clambering over trees, shrubs#, meadows, and fences in the Southeast.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULrNpW/

2022.06.07.06 Lonicera japonica “Lonicera japonica readies buds for a crepuscular flowering. #honeysucklehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULYUrR/

2021.06.07.07 Chinese Elm leaves “Chinese Elm shows 2-ranked phyllotaxy (leaf positioning) characteristic of the elm genus, Ulmus#phyllotaxyhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULam2A/

2021.06.07.08 Chinese Elm bark “Trees produce cork (i.e. bark) seasonally through a cork cambium that generates cells in a characteristic, unique pattern.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULrqwb/

2021.06.07.09 Native Nurseries, Tallahassee “Native Nurseries in Tallahassee, where the gardener can lay hands on some nice native plants.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULPBUo/

2021.06.08.01 The naming of Ipomoea sagittataIpomoea sagittata was named by French botanist Jean Poiret based in a plant collected in Algeria.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUL2AT9/

2021.06.08.02 Poiret and Ipomoea sagittata “Poiret published the name Ipomoea sagittata in 1789 – in Paris – on the eve of the French Revolution” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUL6x1G/

2021.06.08.03 Michaux and Ipomoea sagittata “Two decades after Poiret, Andre Michaux gave this plant a name (Convolvulus sagittifolius) that is a synonym – a superfluous binomial.https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULmWEQ/

2021.06.08.04 Hibiscus moscheutos “The US native Hibiscus moscheutos makes a splash in wet waysides during early summer.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULxBs1/

2021.06.07.05 Hibiscus moscheutos “Known to Linnaeus from its dried foliage, Hibiscus moscheutos was named for the musky aroma of its dead leaves.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULBHex/

2021.06.08.06 Hibiscus moscheutosHibiscus has 5 great triangular sepals – collectively termed the “calyx.” Note the flower is also subtended by linear bracts.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULYL12/

2021.06.08.07 Hibiscus moscheutos dissection “A Hibiscus long-section shows how the tube of united anther filaments is free from the developing pistil. #androeciumhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULMqXM/

2021.06.08.08 Catharanthus “A showing of Madagascar Periwinkle – follow link: https://botanyincontext.com/2019/09/02/powerful-periwinkles/” For the TikTok link: https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULUwKs/

2021.06.08.09 Hibiscus rosa-sinensisHibiscus rosa-sinensis, planted throughout the moist torrid zones. is the poster child for tropical flowers.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULja5E/

2021.07.08.10 Hibiscus rosa-sinensis picotee “One of hundreds (thousands?) of selected forms of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis you’ll encounter. The colors are astonishing.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULxYoN/

2021.06.09.01 Agalinus, a hemiparasite at our doorstep  “Agalinus flowers by our doorstep. It’s a hemiparasite, but aren’t we all.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULsK3a/

2021.06.09.02 A Ludwigia near Ebro “A Ludwigia under powerlines near Ebro – great capitate stigma. #onagraceaehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUL3ELb/

2021.06.09.03 More detail on the Ludwigia “The many stages of a Ludwigia. Four sepals that fold back when in flower and fruit.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULnvCS/

2021.06.09.04 Pine Log State Forest “A cypress swamp and pond at Pine Log State Forest, Florida’s first state forest.” #bark #corkcambiumhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULVgsb/

2021.06.09.05 Titi at Pine Log State Forest “Cyrilla racemiflora, Titi, flowering along a swampy edge.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULV2tM/

2021.06.09.06 Utricularia in swampy edges at Pine Log State Forest. “Utricularia, flowering in shallow waters at the edge of a cypress swamp in Pine Log State Forest.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULgvUw/

2021.06.09.07 Palms on trucks “Florida native palms hit the road. #sabalhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULKsJa/

2021.06.09.08 Deep Sands in Pine Log State Forest “Longleaf Pine and Turkey Oak populate deep sands in North Florida and adjoining states. This pine is renowned for heavily resinous heartwood.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULVe4j/

2021.06.09.09 Callicarpa at Pine Log SF “Callicarpa, Beauty Berry, is one more North Temperate plant that reminds us of the ancient floristic connection with Asia. #vicariad #disjuncthttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULvCmf/

2021.06.09.10 Rhus copallina, with winged petioles “Sumac – it’s a Rhus. #pinnate #wingedhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULsp3u/

2031.07.09.11 The invasive Sapium in Pine Log SF swamps. “Sapium sebiferum (Euphorbiaceae) has invaded wet areas around the southern tier of states. #tallowtreehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNJRDe/

2021.06.10.01 Pontederia in Eastpoint “Florida wetlands are rich with biomass and plant diversity. Here in a roadside ditch we find a lovely colony of Pontederia cordata. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULGWD4/

2021.06.10.02 Pontederia fruiting “Fruiting bodies of Pontederia#achenes #anthocarp #synflorescencehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULGPcV/

2021.06.10.03 Pontederia “Flowers of Pontederia – with hyaline hairs along the stems, but stiptat glandular (and colored) hairs on flower parts.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUN1Y6K/

2021.05.10.04 The woody Ludwigia peruvianaLudwigia peruviana, another lovely but invasive plant in Florida’s wetlands. #onagraceaehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULWPv5/

 2021.06.10.05 Botanical musings “Many Southeastern native plants remind me of the Ruby-throated Hummingbird and it’s journey over the Gulf. #migration #campsis #cardinalflowerhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULK2v9/

 2021.06.10.06 Pontederia “Named In Linnaeus’s 1753 Species Plantarum, Pontederia cordata is the most recognized North American member of its small family of aquatic herbs.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULKvNB/

2021.06.10.07 Turpentine pines “An epoch in Florida’s brutal turpentine industry is recounted in Matt Marino’s article – flowriter.net #forcedlabor #brutalityhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULGVFg/

2021.06.10.08 Planted palms “The native Cabbage Palm (Sabal palmetto) forms a greeting line, waving visitors through the gateway to St. George Island. #forgottencoasthttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULVktc/

2021.06.11.01 Pine needle growth “Pines are common and ancient, but they do a lot of things outside what our standard textbooks might teach us about plants” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUL7b8o/

2021.06.11.02 Tradescantia “Spiderwort gets its common name from the spidery leaves and stem… and wort is a word for plant” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUL791C/https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULwfC9/

2021.06.11.03 Desmodium loments “Desmodium fruit are a special kind of legume called a “loment” – in which the fruit constructs between each seed.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULGAJt/

2021.06.11.04 SambucusSambucus (Elderberry) flowers successively into summer, producing crops of berries that some people have learned to use.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULcc6A/

2021.06.11.05 Sambucus stem architecture “Elderberry produces long cane-like stems with opposite,compound leaves.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdULpKJD/

2021.06.11.06 Passiflora babies “Indulge your silliest passions by making flower dolls.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUL4gqc/

2021.06.11.07 Poiret’s birthday “Ipomoea sagittata, flowering on 11 June – the birthdate of Jean Louis Marie Poiret, who first named the plant from his work in Algeria” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUL3SJh/

2021.06.11.08 Handlens “Field botany demands you carry and use a handlens.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUN68FT/

 2021.06.11.09 GaillardiaGaillardia has great rays with banded colors. #compositehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNFToN/

2021.06.11.10 SalicorniaSalicornia thriving at the marsh edge on St. George Island. #halophytehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUN6q26/

2021.06.11.11 Cnidosculus “The devilish Cnidosculus is not a plant for flower arrangements. #stinging #euphorbhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUN859Y/

2021.06.12.01 KalanchoeKalanchoe (Mother of Hundreds) produces vegetative propagules along the leaf margin, at the terminus of veins.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNyGv2/

2021.06.12.01 Sycamore buds “A simple way to know a Sycamore is that it’s leaf base surrounds and hides the axillary bud formed at the node.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNBQeT/

2021.06.12,02 Sycamore balls “Sycamores produce female flowers in tight clusters that mature as balls of fruiting pistils (achenes) that disperse in a fall fluff.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNyMR6/

2021.06.12.03 Dianthus have clawed petals “Dianthus (Carnations and their kin) have characteristic “clawed” petals.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNRMVk/

2021.06.12.04 Pepoes at Publix “Melons, squashes, and cucumbers make a special 3-parted fruit we call a “pepo”. #inferior #parietal #placentationhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUN2pSs/

2021.06.12.05 Tomato Berries in Publix “To a botanist, a tomato qualifies as a “berry” – while neither a blackberry nor a strawberry makes the cut. #fruit #botany https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNUgU1/

2021.06.12.06 Taxonomy in the Produce “Botanists and Grocers may never agree as to the order of things. #systematics #merchandizinghttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNSe7g/

2021.06.12.07 Palms after the storm “Palms have become a major emphasis during restoration in Mexico Beach, FL, following Hurricane Michael (Oct 2018).” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUN2a3T/

2021.06.12.08 Forest destruction from Hurricane Michael “Pine forest in FL Panhandle still shows great damage post-Hurricane Michael. Land use patterns recalibrated” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNY4fo/

2021.06.12.09 Forest destruction by Michael “A land adapted to fire and storm is a landscape under pressure and in overwhelming transition. #postMichael #panhandle #florida #foresthttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNkc7x/

2021.06.12.10 Crinum americanumCrinum anericanum (Ribbon Lily) floral structure and pollination syndrome. #sphingid #crepuscularhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNAxDV/

2021.06.12.11 Crinum americanumCrinum americanum flowering on St. George Island – 12 June.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNSFcy/

2021.06.12.12 Ipomoea alba SGI “Moonflower, Moonflower… Ipomoea alba illuminates a balmy evening on St. George.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUN6Hdb/

2021.06.13 Utricularia at Camel Lake “Utricularia floridana – take 1. #carnivorousplants #utriculariahttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNYbaC/

2021.06.13.02 Utricularia at Camel Lake “Utricularia at Camel Lake, ANF. Peak bloom – an astonishing display. Take 2 #bladderwort”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNrmyY/

2021.06.13.03 Utricularia at Camel Lake “Utricularia– Take 3…. I said Wright Lake, but meant to say Camel Lake” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNaBJS/

2021.06.14.01 Air movement “A stand of Sea Oats reminds us that the ever-present and ever-important grass family relies on air movement as its primary pollen dispersal mechanism.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrP6RmB/

2021.06.14.02 Nitrogen “Atmospheric nitrogen (N2), though abundant, is inert – unavailable to plants. Plants rely on soil micro-organisms to “fix” nitrogen for nutrition.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNjWS7/

2021.06.16.01  Pine leader “Apical dominance is the way of life for young pines and many other plants. If a leader is lost, a new leader will be established.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNwvcx/

1021.06.15.02 Pine growth “Pines end a season growrh by establishing “candles” – which are the bases for new development in a successive season. #candles #growth #pineshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNnauY/

2021.06.15.03 Physalis with great sepals “Physalis, a Coastal Groundxherry, is the native mini-version of Tomatillo – with its persistent, inflated calyx (sepals gone wild)”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUN9kCr/

2021.06.15.04 Legume chartreuse foliage “A legume stands out for its chartreuse, almost fern-like texture along road margins on St. George. #trifoliatehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNnAA4/

2021.06.15.05 Opuntia “An Opuntia shows two kinds of branches – the flattened green pad; and clusters called aerioles, which are short spinose side stems.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNQc5k/

2021.06.15.06 Ipomoea mass flowering “A moth super-abundance of Ipomoea imperati on St George Island beaches. Hundreds of thousands, perhaps millions of flowers opened last night.” New Info: Subsequently discovered the flowers do not open in the evening…. They open first thing in the AM!!!! https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNKrdr/

2021.06.16.01 Leaf margin comparison. “Sharpening our skills in describing leaf margins. #botany #leafhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNnPjD/

2021.06.16.02 Root spread on Chinese Elm “Tree roots spread to reach resources needed – water, nutrients, and even air. Yes, roots respire to grow, and therefore require oxygen.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNGRmX/

2021.06.16.03 Hedge treatment “Landscape maintenance often turns good plants into bad actors in the stage setting that is our built world. Less tinkering could yield more grace..” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNc3UW/

2021.06.16.04 Kalanchoe at TJ’s “The “o” and following “e” of Kalanchoe do not make a diphthong – so in a Latinized word, they are treated as separate syllables.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrBbW9F/

2021.06.16.05  Craspedia with Sunflower “Craspedia is like the disk of a sunflower made into a sphere – having no ray florets…. #compositaehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNGGkD/

2021.06.16.06 Pomes and poems “Apples and Pears are pomes – which means the pistils (therefore the see-bearing ovaries) are imbedded in a fleshy stem – which explains the lenticels.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNWDY7/

2021.06.16.07  Crape Myrtle, MS reststop “Crape Myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica) has elegant clawed petals. #linnaeus #botany #flowershttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrBhxfb/

2021.06.17.01 Cycad pair, Gulfport “A pair of cycads (Cycad revoluta) hangs out as a couple, waiting for assistance from Verizon in Gulfport. #cones #dioecioushttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNVsP3/

2021.06.17.02 Cycad pair, Gulfport “A matched pair of cycads baring their private parts in full public view. How can this happen here, in Mississippi of all places? My Lord…!” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNnyNA/

2021.06.17.03 Cycad pair, Gulfport “Cone-bearing plants make pollen and eggs, and produce seed, but without making flowers. Their seed are ‘naked'” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNTrVy/

2021.06.17.04 Cycad pair, Gulfport “In growing season that yield cones, cycads produce no new leaves.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNc6Yx/

2021.06.17.05 Bamboo near Cafe du Monde, Madisonville, LA “If you plant bamboo as a hedge, allow it some height. It can be kept short, but is not natural and the plant will challenge this plan.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUN7MxS/

2021.06.17.06 I-10 over Atchalafalya “I-10, through the Atchafalaya Basin is a spectacular vantage point to view a section of bottomland trees and swamp – the largest in the US” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUNcLPR/

2021.06.17.07 I-10 over Atchafalaya “Islands of vegetation anchored to Taxodium stands on the Atchafalaya Basin give “swamp” a special romance. #cypress #taxodium #tupelohttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFeEWV/

2021.06.17.08. TX welcome station boardwalk “Welcome to the last of the Southern swamp forests. Texas, in 880 miles along I-10 will take you to the deserts and high plains of the West.https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFhnnJ/

2021.06.17.09. TX welcome station boardwalk “Driving I-10 reveals lessons in climatology and biogeography that help explain the flora and ecology of North America, when moisture” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFfHRk/  

2021.06.18.01 Hyatt House tree “A tree zoo – Oaks caged and walled off from fill and compaction of modern development. Reminds us oaks do not like their roots buried.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFNbcE/

2021.06.18.02 Hyatt House tree well “The trappings of contemporary urban life – unintended consequences of preserving nature in the built environment” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFLSoS/

2021.06.18.03. Hyatt House mulberry “Words matter. Botanists have hundreds of terms (jargon) that allow you to describe a leaf or flower concisely” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFjw2T/

2021.06.18.04. Hyatt House stump “Chainsaws are the most dangerous tool in a gardener’s shed – you can kill or maim yourself so easily. Never use a chainsaw without training and prep’ https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUF2hJu/

2021.06.18.05. Whole Foods Veggies “Stems, leaves, and roots make a striking display in markets. Remember that Chard is a kind of beet, not a mustard (i.e. cabbage, collards)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFr19V/

2021.06.18.06. Ginger with roots “Rhizomes are stems that make us think they may be roots – but they have nodes, buds, and leaf scars – which roots do not have” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFRuF1/

2021.06.18.07.  Whole Foods sans soda “Interesting…” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFdV1G/

20 Whole Foods asparagus “Asparagus has been defined as part of a separate alliance from the Lilies – and most of what some folks considered “lilies” are, today, “asparagoids”” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFyg7k/

2021.06.18.09. Whole Foods bananas “Bananas come to attention – though so very phallic, they are all sterile – because bananas are triploids” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFheyr/

2021.06.18.19 Zilker BG Maple “Japanese Maple showcases the unmistakable characters that help us identify plants of the genus Acer.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFFvwx/

20 Zilker BG Ginkgo “Ginkgo has personality” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFeCc6/

2021.06.18.12. Zilker BG Hibiscus moscheutos hybrids “Summer in the garden can be given a real boost by cultivating some of the “diinner plate” Hibiscus – cultivars of H. moscheutos and other native species” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFY9CA/

2021.06.18.13. Zilker BG Hibiscus moscheutos hybrids “Trees in the urban landscape need to be studied and curated to prolong life and avoid calamity” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFSd3E/

20 Hyatt House oak “Trees in the urban landscape need to be studied and curated to prolong life and avoid calamity” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFA4EX/

2021.06.18.15 Hyatt House walnut seasonal growth “Plants grow through repeated (iterative) generation of core modules – using a suite of vegetative and reproductive patterns” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFACTE/

2021.06.18.16 Psyllid galls on Hackberry petioles “Celtis (hackberry) is known for forming galls specific to different psyllids (insects) – these are petiolar galls – see Pachypsylla venustahttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFR1vV/

2021.06.18.17 Rosa ‘KnockOut’ “Rosa ‘Knockout” changes the rose industry” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFxLPA/

2021.06.18.18 Rosa ‘Knock Out’ “The name of this rose, “Knock Out” took on various meanings as the Law of Unintended Consequences came into effect” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFaRYB/

2021.06.19.01 Oak with epicormic shoots Lady Bird J Wildflower Center “Epicormic growth (small, new branches coming out, closely on older stems) tells you something has changed, some stress, such as crown or root loss.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFudLw/

2021.06.19.02. Entry with Echinacea Lady Bird J Wildflower Center “A lovely shady meadow, aglow with Echinacea purpurea, welcomes visitors to the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFbqtR/

2021.06.19.03. Hydrocotyle Nodes Lady Bird J Wildflower Center “Some plants root continuously along their stems, while others root mainly at nodes – which are zones of great development.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFmsex/

2021.06.19.04. Hibiscus laevis Lady Bird J Wildflower Center “Hibiscus laevis in the main courtyard at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, south of Austin” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUF75XS/

2021.06.19.05. Echinacea purpurea Lady Bird J Wildflower Center “The native Echinacea purpurea at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, doing its daisy-thing – using scores of flowers to make a single ‘blossom'” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFWahH/

2021.06.19.06. Pycnanthemum albescens Lady Bird J Wildflower Center “A mint, Pycnanthemum albescens (NOT “arborescens”, which would refer to trees) at The LBJ Wildflower Center in Austin” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFQYWf/

2021.06.19.07 Campsis radicans Lady Bird J Wildflower Center “Trumpet Creeper (Campsis radicans) has tubular flowers, dry fruit, and opposite, compound leaves we associate with other Bignons (Bignoniaceae)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFgS1R/

2021.06.19.08 Malvastrum Lady Bird J Wildflower Center “Malvaviscus is a native plant commonly planted in gardens. It’s red flower suggests visitation by hummingbirds.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFg7WM/

2021.06.19.09 Chasmanthemum Lady Bird J Wildflower Center “A handsome native grass for gardens, Chasmanthemum latifolium infructescences are similar to the beautiful fruit of Sea Oats” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFWdFY/

2021.06.19.10 Lady Bird J Wildflower Center tour “Touring the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center – Part 1” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFcQgr/

2021.06.19.11 Lady Bird J Wildflower Center tour “Touring the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center- Part 2” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFcUPX/

2021.06.19.12 Lady Bird J Wildflower Center tour “Touring the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center – Part 3” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFuQU9/

2021.06.19.13  Malvaviscus Lady Bird J Wildflower Center “A botanical label…” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFvU7q/

2021.06.19.14 Mimosa microphylla Lady Bird J Wildflower Center “Like several other related legumes, Mimosa microphylla responds to touch, hence the moniker Sensitive Plant” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFqDBh/

2021.06.19.15. Rudbeckia maxima Lady Bird J Wildflower Center “Rudbeckia maxima lives up to its name at the Wildflower Center, with a towering column covered in disk flowers” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFqJM9/

2021.06.19.16 Euphorbia wild poinsettia Lady Bird J Wildflower Center “Euphorbia cyathophora grows spontaneously throughout the lower Coastal Plain. Like many plants in this family, it produces flowers in a “cyathium”” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFuVC2/

2021.06.19.17. Pavonia Lady Bird J Wildflower Center “The Malvaceous Pavonia – WOW – though the style branches to 10 lobes, there are only 5 carpels in the fruit. Neat” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUFWG3M/

2021.06.19.18 Cylindropuntia fruit Lady Bird J Wildflower Center

2021.06.19.19. Clematis fruit Lady Bird J Wildflower Center “Each Clematis flower produces multiple separate pistils- which means the many fruit in this cluster are the fallout of one flower” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUYNSbK/

2021.06.19.20 Hunnemannia Lady Bird J Wildflower Center “The handsome Mexican Tulip Poppy (Hunnemannia), with its pistils that look like those of the California Poppy (Eschscholzia)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUYhvQY/

2021.06.20 .01 Passiflora and Cicadids at Chambers rest stop,TX “Passiflora incarnata at a Texas rest stop – serenaded by Cicadids.. in the tropics, many Passifloraa are tied intimately to Heliconias butterflies” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUYFY9T/

2021.06.20.02 Passiflora tendrils “More info on the Passiflora tendril- it’s ‘thigmotropic'” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUYAWQt/

2021.06.20.03 Magnolia virginiana at LA welcome station, Sabine River “Along I-10 in the Southeast you see Magnolia virginiana flashing its silver (glaucous) lower (we say ABAXIAL) leaf surfaces” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUYSKUF/

2011.06.20.04 Water hyacinth “The Amazonian Water Hyacinth (Pontederia, aka Eichhornia) has become a brilliant (terrible, yes, but brilliant) weed in warm climates worldwide.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUYMnRQ/

2021.06.21.04 Water and Oxygen “Water is stage and substance for cell biology, and the source of electrons to drive photosynthesis, generating the oxygen we breathe as a by-product”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdUYeMuR/

2021.06.22.01 Sabal palmetto flowers https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdyEKxsf/

2021.06.23.01 Cynanchum angustifiolium twining around Lythrum lineare “Cynanchum angustifolium twining around a Lythrum. The vine depends on other herbs for support as it produces fruit with wind-dispersed seed” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdyoh8n9/

2021.06.23.02 Arundo donaxArundo donax has been planted (and become challenging) worldwide. Beyond biomass, the main use seems to be in making reeds for wind instruments” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdyE33at/

2021.06.23.03 Sedges have edges, Rushes are round, Grasses are hollow from tip to the ground https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdfd8HS8/

2021.06.24.01 Vitex rotundifolia planted on St. George Island, a member of the Mint family https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdfdp2X4/

2021.06.24.02 Vitex rotundifolia on St. George, one more thing “Vitex rotundifolia is considered invasive and problematic on Southeastern beaches.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdfdVV26/

2021.06.24.03 Vitex rotundifolia, pollination and fecundity. “Vitex rotundifolia seems to be a robust beach dune colonizer” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdfRYwSw/

2021.06.24.04 Oaks re-establishing canopies in a Bay County park, following devastation of Hurricane Michael https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdfdwGda/

2021.06.24.05. Spanish Moss re-establishing itself following damage to tree canopies during Hurricane Michael https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdfRYwSw/

2021.06.25.01 Ambrosia leaves “It’ll take a few attempts to make sense out of Ragweed (genus Ambrosia). Here is the first volley.., #ambrosia #composite #monoecioushttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPgWCTY/

2021.06.25.02 Lythrum lineare flowers https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPp6T7s/

2021.06.25.03 Ambrosia development “Ambrosia (Ragweed)is a fast, very adaptable plant that generates a lot of wind-borne pollen. #hayfever #ragweed” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPpDRTY/

2021.06.25.04 Ambrosia leaf arrangement “Ragweed shows a lot of variability in its development, switching unreliably from juvenile to mature architecture” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPpBTAM/

2021.06.25.05 Ambrosia leaf shape “Ragweed leaves might be better described as bipinnately incised (or lobed), rather than compound” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPpYhHE/

2021.06.25.06 Cakile on the beach “Cakile, a plant genus represented on beaches throughout the Northern Hemisphere. As a mustard (Cruciferae), it’s flowers resemble those of Alyssum..” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPpBqGV/

2021.06.25.07 Cakile flowers, Mustard family “Cakile,again. #dunes #mustards #crucifershttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPpH2nB/

2021.06.25.08 Lythrum lineare flowers, revisited “Flowers fully-open on Lythrum lineare, a roadside plant on St. George Island. I showed them just opening this AM. #anthesis” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPpuvDB/

2021.06.25.09 Ilex stem development “A plant growing tip establishes branching patterns that guide development of future structure – plant architecture.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPpmsfC/

2021.06.25.10  Agave in artsy landscape “We three Agaves from Occident are. Bearing purpose we reach up so far. Bolting, flowering, fruiting, then dying, Seed are our newest stars” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPpau9Q/

2021.06.25.11 Pine speaking through art “Barrier islands are pure sand bars, so there isn’t much parent material to bring nutrients to the party. Growth is slow” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPpNjpF/

2021.06.26.01  Sabal palmetto flowering “Flowering stalks (inflorescences) on Sabal palmetto generate thousands of flowers, each of which is short-lived.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPpKp4p/

2021.06.26.02 Sabal palmetto flowering “Sabal palmetto flowers mature in sequence from the base to the tip of a stem. Botanists call this “acropetal” development.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPpESKQ/

2021.06.26.03 Sabal palmetto flowering “Again, and again. Flowering of a Sabal palmetto. #botany #anthesis #palm #florida #nativeplantshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPpo37n/

2021.06.26.04. Pine juvenile “Pines developing in stands will self-prune, creating tall, clear boles. With age, the strength of the leader diminishes. And the crown rounds out.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPpxnRP/

2021.06.26.05 Keying Cenchrus “Keying out grasses is always challenging for non-specialists. Thankfully. It’s easy to identify this grass to genus. #taxonomy #grasses #floridahttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPpVAr9/

2021.06.26.06 Cenchrus “Getting to answers in identifying grasses is typically difficult, which is why people who specialize in grasses have so many friends.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPp4EYL/

2021.06.26.07. Cenchrus tribuloides “Summary thoughts on Cenchrus tribuloides, the Beach Sandbur” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPppddf/

2021.06.26.08 Picture This “Using Picture This to ID plants…” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPpEEdy/

2021.06.26.09 Setaria pauciflora “Setaria is a nice name for a plant with such lovely bristles. And these were tiny flowers, so parviflora works also” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPpbybC/

2021.06.26.10. Scirpus. “Scirpus includes the Giant Bulrushes, which are bonafide sedges. The rushes and reeds make up another family, the Juncaceae” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPp7euG/

2021.06.26.11. Paronychia rugelii (Sand Squares) “Sand Squares (Paronychia rugelii) are a delight to encounter. Their graphic look comes from regular “dichotomous” (regularly paired) branching” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPpoQRF/

2021.06.26.12. Sunset on St George Island https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPpTbwv/

2021.06.27.01 Agalinus flower with nectar guides “Agalinus flowers look very different to insect visitors as compared to the colors and forms we perceive. #pollination #colorperception #flowershttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPckXfy/

2021.06.27.02 Sabal palmetto flowers that were buds yesterday “Checking in on flowering of the Sabal palmetto at balcony-height. #phenology  #sabal #pollinationbiology #anthesis #floridanativeplantshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPcYsXj/

2021.06.27.03 Dissection of Agalinus flower “A simple dissection of the Agalinus flower I ponder. It’s basic floral formula is 5-5-4-2, i.e. 5 sepals, 5 petals, 4 stamens, & 2 carpels” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRr5j62H/

2021.06.27.04 Front porch botanist “Checking in on flowering of the Sabal palmetto at balcony height. #phenology  #sabal  #pollinationbiology  #anthesis  #floridanativeplantshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdPcYsXj/

2021.06.27.05. Sea Oats (Uniola paniculata) on beaches of St. George Island “Sea Oats, Uniola paniculata, serving to aggregate sands and promote dine building” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd5xHtVK/

2021.06.27.06 Forage Peanut/Perennial Peanut (Arachis glabrata) used as a lawn in Apalachicola “A groundcover from Brasil, Arachis glabrata (Forage peanut). Is sometimes used as lawn. Considered possibly invasive, this planting has not escaped.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd5xbs9B/

2021.06.27.07 Quick growth of Michaux’s Fern on Oaks in Apalachicola “The generic name Pleopeltis refers to its many “peltate indusia” – which means the spore sites (sori) begin with a shield-like cover” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd5xVtu4/

2021.06.27.08. Live Oaks line Apalachicola streets, with a decoration of epiphytic Michaux’s Fern “The epiphytic fern, Pleopeltis michauxiana, blankets trees in moist, protected areas along the Eastern seaboard (and even into the Midwest) #fernhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd5xnAKt/

 2021.06.27.09 A Live Oak constitutes a living legacy in Apalachicola “When spared the ravages of hurricanes, Virginia Live Oaks can grow to magnificent proportions. #apalachicola #liveoak #treeshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd5xw95M/

2021.06.27.10 Ipomoea imperati erects and expands buds for the evening’s flowering “Another look at backstage buds of Ipomoea, prepping for an evening out with their pollinators. I think it’s white tie..” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd5xwrwh/

2021.06.27.10 yet another example of bud development in Ipomoea imperati https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd5Qh8xv/

2021.06.28.01 Rose prickles “Roses make prickles the way other woody plants make bark – so their bark is their bite…. #roses #prickles #bark“” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd5gJ72Q/

2021.06.28.02 Rose hips “The rose stem forms a shallow, open bowl (a floral cup) in which the pistils develop. It becomes the rose hip, a leathery pouch rich in Vitamin C” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd5btSTg/

2021.06.28.03 Rose leaves and deadheading “Dead heading roses means you are pruning, which will force new growth. Where you make the cut determines the future direction of that growth” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd5bGrNq/

2021.06.28.04  Sagittaria female and male flowers “Sagittaria is a quintessential wetland plant, with a monoecious lifestyle – i.e., pollen will be produced in separate flowers from those with pistils” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRewpjVo/

2021.06.28.05  Kosteletzkya stand “Salt marsh Mallow (Kosteletzkya) is a delightful hibiscus-relative encountered occasionally along wet edges near Panhandle marshes.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd5btamY/

2021.06.28.06  Kosteletzkya “There is not a commonly used term for the combined (connate) anthers of either Hibiscus or this Kosteletzkya. I call it an androphore” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd5gAJ9W/

2021.06.28.07 Teucrium americanum “A North American plant, Teucrium canadense is thrice the size of the European Teucriums people grow in herb gardens #herb #stgeorgehttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd5gkyYH/ 

2021.06.29.01 Magnolia ashei leaves “Magnolia ashei has been brought into cultivation from its native, very limited sites in NW FL (it’s “endemic” to the Panhandle)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdu8eu7Q/

2021.06.29.02 Crape Myrtles showing their clawed petals “Take a Crape Myrtle flower apart to examine the five “clawed” petals. Each petal is super-luxuriant wrestling ruffle attached by the narrowest base.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMduRKspn/

2021.06.29.03. Spanish Moss stolons in Tallahassee “Spanish Moss establishes on shaded branches in moist locations and hand successive growths that are stolons from the plantlet before…” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdu81dAp/

2021.06.29.04. Plant acquisitions “Falling back on ancient addictions, the Gardener drops fifty bucks on some cool plants”  #gardening #gloriosa #asclepiashttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdu8NJvw/

2021.06.29.05 Asclepias perennis flowers “Asclepius perennis with two open flowers, showing the curious “corona” – hoods and horns formed by each of the 5 stamen filaments” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdu8dg21/

2021.06.29.06 Asclepias perennis gynostegium “Asclepiads make gynostegia that positions sticky pads such that pollinia (pollen masses) stick to insects for precise deposition on a stigma” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMduRn9VQ/

2021.06.30.01 Poison Ivy and Poison Oak have compound leaves “Poison Ivy and the closely related Poison Oak produce trifoliate compound leaves, each with its stalk (petiole) and 3 leaflets” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdu8dpdN/

2021.06.30.02. A leaf has a botanical definition “A lot of plants produce compound leaves, some even produce both simple and compound leaves” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdu8YQdw/

2021.06.30.03 Other trifoliate leaves “A lot of plants produce compound leaves, some even produce both simple and compound leaves.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMduRKqVw/

2021.06.30.04 The disk flowers of a Sunflower head “A Sunflower is the poster child for daisies, with disk and ray flowers. For each “she loves me” you pluck an entire ray flower” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdu8JTYw/

2021.06.30.05 Zinnia disk and ray flowers “Zinnias show us great disk flowers (yellow here) and ray flowers (magenta in this example). We call these Composites because they are put-together.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdu8FtW8/

2021.07.01.01. White Oak (Quercus alba), with its ropy peeling bark, at Wakulla Springs “The lodge and beach at Wakulla Springs State Park are a true blast from the past – relicts of an ancient natural past and mid-century US culture” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdu8mLEQ/

2021.07.01.02 A swimming hole at Wakulla Springs, with a prominent display of Taxodium “knees” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdu8DDQX/

2021.07.01.03. Quercus michauxii, showing its very oak-like characters “Quercus mixhauxii – Swamp Chestnut Oak, showing its clustered terminal buds, and developing acorns. (Wakulla Springs lodge)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdu89FHV/

2021.07.01.04. Tallahassee Nursery “Tallahassee Nursery, a premium site for harden plants for high end, fine garden plants, offering a broad, curated selection of possibilities” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdu8CXS1/

2021.07.01.05. The Hardy Mallow hybrid selection named ‘Airbrush Effect’ https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdu8kDng/

2021.07.01.06. A range of beautiful Hardy Mallow selections “In the 1970s, early hybrids of “Hardy Hibiscus” were introduced by Robert Darby (Maryland), with hybridization efforts becoming international (Japan)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdu83sF6/

2021.07.01.07. Cleome, showing its stalked pistil and clawed petals “Cleome has a really neat, stalked pistil, i.e. the pistil forms on a stalk, high above other flower parts, reminding us of Caper flowers and fruit” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdu83PBL/

2021.07.01.08 Platycodon grandiflorum “The inflated buds give Platycodons their name as Balloon Flowers, but the five lightly-joined anthers tell us this is related to Lobelia and Campanula” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMduLaLpv/

2021.07.01.09. Illicium pauciflorum at Wakulla Springs “Illicium parviflorum flowers hold characteristics botanists associate with the earliest flowering plants, as the “I” of ANITA, an acronym for this idea” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMduLMno2/

2021.07.01.10. Fagus grandifolia and shrub of Illicium at Wakulla Springs “Such incredible woody plants at Wakulla Springs – not just Oaks and Basswoods, but also Fagus grandifolia and Illicium…” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMduLAuRT/

2021.07.01.11. Tilia in flower and fruit “There are about 30 species of Tilia native to Europe and America. The European species (Lindens) were used extensively by artists.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMduL2XJs/

2021.07.01.12. The Arboretum effect surrounding the Lodge at Wakulla Springs “The surrounds of the Wakulla Springs lodge constitute a sweet arboretum of relictual native forest trees” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMduLujgQ/

2021.07.01.13 Knowing beans “Phaseolus vulgaris (beans) are from the Americas, where native gardeners teased these promising fruit and seed from their wild predecessors” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCnTAwR/

2021.07.01.14 Knowing beans 2 “Other important species of Phaseolus are the Lima Bean (P. lunatus) and the Red Runner (P. coccineus) – both American natives” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCnbxY2/

2021.07.02.01 Partridge Pea “Introducing Partridge Pea, a quietly successful herb in the bean family #pea #wildflowers #floridaman” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCnbcrS/

2021.07.02.02 Partridge Pea “Chamaecrista (Partridge) Pea) is an annual of meadows and waysides that flowers most of the warm season. Each blossom bears five large petals” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCnvS6x/

2021.07.02.03 Partridge Pea “Closer in on the Partridge Pea flower, we see the green pistil (which bears a stigma at its tip), the several anthers, and the unequal petals” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCWLpRx/

2021.07.02.04 Partridge Pea ?No pollen, No peas…. #pea #pollination #flowerkiss” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCnpu2D/

2021.07.02.05 Partridge Pea “A fresh flower of Partridge Pea” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCn3Ncc/

2021.07.02.06 Partridge Pea “Hoping to find published accounts of Partridge Pea pollination that explain the asymmetric positioning of the petal facing the anthers” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCncPqd/

2021.07.02.07 Partridge Pea “The Partridge Pea pistil may be simple and easy to miss, but it is the floral focus – that pistil becomes the fruit, the pea pod. #pollination #peahttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCnpogv/

2021.07.02.08 Asclepias perennis Sequential development of inflorescences (umbels) in Asclepias perennis – a swamp milkweed. #umbels  #nativeplantshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCn35rR/

2021.07.02.09 Partridge Pea “Partridge Pea pollination studies, published by Wolfe and Estes in 1992, discuss the role of the cupped petal – the “cucullus” #pollinationhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCnKb38/

2021.07.02.10 Asclepias perennis “Asclepias perennis architecture will be replicated from one plant to the other. You should be able to predict growth based on simple observations.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCnofNK/

2021.07.02.11 Carya glabra near Carabelle, FL. “Pignut Hickory at the edge of a deep sands formation only yards from a marsh…. An astonishing juxtaposition. #franklinflora #carya #hickoryhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7Sbgd/

2021.07.03.01 Illustrations from VPS, Radford, Dickison, Massey, & Bell, leaf tips https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7RAef/

2021.07.03.02 Illustrations from VPS, Radford, Dickison, Massey, & Bell, Leaf tips https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7RYc8/

2021.07.03.03 Illustrations from VPS, Radford, Dickison, Massey, & Bell, leaf tips https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7UR9J/

2021.07.03.04 Illustrations from VPS, Radford, Dickison, Massey, & Bell, leaf tips. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7FaVV/

2021.07.03.05 Tomatoes “The Tomato – a model of “sympodial” growth – in which a stem flowers, but generates fresh growth through giving vegetative leadership to a side bud” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7uQqN/

2021.07.03.06 Tomatoes  “Tomato stems show a somewhat zig-zag character due to their symposial lifestyle #tomato #growthhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7ATVj/

2021.07.03.07 Tomatoes “Plants make trichomes (“hairs”) that are truly cellular. You are looking at thin protrusions of living epidermal cells. #trichomeshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7jCo9/

2021.07.05.01 Illustrations from VPS, Radford, Dickison, Massey, & Bell, solid shapes https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7ADRc/

2021.07.05.02 Illustrations from VPS, Radford, Dickison, Massey, & Bell, Fruit types https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7Lxjv/

2021.07.05.03 Butterfly Pea, Centrosema, Lynnhaven “Centrosema virginiana is a lovely native legume in which the flowers develop with the large petal pointing downward- a pea with a difference” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7Ma9V/

2021.07.05.04 Parthenocissus sympodial growth, in Lynn Haven, FL. “The Grape family shows sympodial growth. Here with Parthenocissus, each segment regenerates the stem leader” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7A9o7/

2021.07.06.01 Coleus is distichous – Thomas Browne coined that term, and hundreds of others “As a member of the mint family, Coleus produces square stems – which relate to the 90 degree offset of leaf pairings. We say they’re ‘decussate'” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7BsUQ/

2021.07.06.02. Storm Elsa calling card. “The pine and palm canopy begins to flex with sudden arrival of wind and a first band of clouds – calling cards from Elsa for fols near Apalachicola” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7HJY6/

2021.07.07.01.  Morning after no storm. “Breezy, but pleasant here in Apalachicola – on the west side of Elsa (1st hurricane of 2021). But it’s Florida weather, in which dramatic changes are the order of the day.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC73F3e/

2021.07.07.01. Yucca flowers at the beach “Yucca, a relative of Agave, has a superior ovary, which means you’ll find the pistil completely inside the flower – accompanied by 6 white stamens” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7tLUa/

2021.07.07.02. Yucca and beach access. “A brief walk to the St George beach, which is rife with native plants and animals – beautifully, ecologically exciting” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7xUM4/

2021.06.07.03 Agave stalk “We describe flowering and fruiting in the context of a life cycle, but for this Agave rosette, it’s a one way street.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7Qt36/

2021.06.07.014 Agave flower “Versatile anthers are attached (and hinged) to their filament at a midpoint, meaning that versatile anthers also move readily.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC79bDS/

2021.07.07.05 Agave weberi flower dissection ls “Agave flower dissections (long sections) showcasing the prominence of stamens and the inferior ovary” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7txtW/

2021.07.07.06. Agave weberi flower dissection xs “Cross-sections of a mature Agave bud, showing ovules in the three carpels that constitute the ovary – tucked into the peduncle (stalk)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4CcCTx/

2021.07.07.07 Agave weberi flower dissection – retake “Agave bud serial cross-sections, Take 2…. Showing attachment of ovules along placental ridges running down each carpel (each fertile leaf)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7oYgH/

2021.07.07.08 Agave weberi flower dissection anther “Agave anthers that have matured and opened (we say “dehisced”) as compared to fully-grown but not yet mature anthers” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7C9pV/

2021.07.08.01 Polypremum procumbens and a world of mysteries “A sweetly modest plant with minuscule white flowers, this roadside herb, Polypremum procumbens, is a commonly ignored Southeast native.https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4CwjXP/

2021.07.08.02 Uniola paniculata pollen “Anthers mature on Uniola paniculata, casting pollen to the wind….” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4X5Qcx/

2021.07.08.03 Uniola paniculata pollen “Looking at the male parts (anthers) spewing their pollen to the wind – take two” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XHLwV/

2021.07.08.04 Uniola paniculata pollen “Another take on Sea Oats – just anthers showing at this stage.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4X2Cfe/

2021.07.08.05 Kosteletzkya floral dissection “Kosteletskya, a near relative of Hibiscus, allows us to showcase the floral structure in a long section – focusing on the androphore and pistil” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4X6UkJ/

2021.07.08.06 Kosteletzkya bud and mature fruit “Pre- and post-flowering stages of Kosteletskyahttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4Xx9NS/

2021.07.08.07 “A ‘Bush Goliath’ tomato matures, showing the crown of sepals and the residual corpse of the stamens. Botanically, a tomato is a berry.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XjtdM/

2021.07.09.01 Lily capsule next door “Lilium in fruit. It produces a 3-chambered (3-carpellate) capsule that dries and splits along structural suture lines” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XQ6vU/

2021.07.09.02 “Lantana camara (or L. strigocamara) hanging out on the road shoulder in St. George” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XSHut/

2021.07.09.03 Lantana camara (or L. strigocamara) https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XYmnD/

2021.07.09.04 “Ipomoea hederifolia – hang in there fir the last segment in thigmotropism…sorry it is so long!!!” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XUADk/

2021.07.09.05 TradescantiaTradescantia (in the Commelina family) produces magnificent trichomes along its staminal filaments – get hold of a hand lens to enjoy these things” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XmDjR/

2021.07.09.06 Rosemary “Rosemarinus, or Salvia…. Call it what you must, but “remember” it’s still a mint with the common name of Rosemary” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XUkEn/

2021.07.09.07 Seedlings of Ipomoea “Germination shows the fully-expanded seed leaves (cotyledons) that are always characteristically distinctive fro mature foliage” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4X6p6T/

2021.07.09.08 “Commelina flowers are simply, and botanically, perfect” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XjMD6/

2021.07.09.09 Kosteletzkya redux, next day flowers “Stages in the Kosteletzkya drama – or perhaps it is a ballet.”https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XADUb/

2021.07.09.10 Cynanchum lineare fruit at the Reserve. “Mature fruit are beginning to develop on the Asclepias-relative Cynanchum lineare. This heavily dependent vine has its own formula for success.”https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XMMXe/

2021.07.09.11 Eupatorium mikanioides on SGI, edge of marsh. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4X6vAQ/

2021.07.10.01 Gloriosa in Apalachicola “The glory of Gloriosa Lilies. Note the twining mechanism is the leaf tip, and get a look at the green, 3-branches style with 3 stigmas. Unbelievable” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XfLsS/

2021.07.10.02 Sabatia dodecandra in ANF “Hot pink Sabatia dodecandra flowers float loosely in their green surrounds, often reflected in temporary pools of standing water” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XYamS/

2021.07.10.03 Zigadenus glaberrimus in ANF “We have little choice but imagine the Zigadenus glands relate to pollen movement from downward curving anthers – parallel to the Passiflora mechanism.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XYnm1/

2021.07.10.04 Sarracenia purpurea on ANF road shoulder “Meeting grounds of Sarracenias, in Apalachicola National Foresthttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XYAeF/

2021.07.10.05 Platanthera chapmanii first sighting of buds “First sighting of maturing Platanthera chapmanii in Liberty County, FL” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4Xh9qb/

2021.07.10.06 Platanthera chapmanii second sighting of developing flower stalks “2nd sighting of the native orchid Platanthera chapmanii, (in bud, nearing anthesis)- it’s specifies name honoring Alvan W. Chapman of Apalachicola” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XYDBS/

2021.07.10.07 Sarracenia flavaSarracenia flava, the most visibly-handsome pitcherplant native to Apalachicola National Forest, here in the FL Panhandle” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4X2Qko/

2021.07.10.08 Drosera tracyi south of Hosford “Acres of Drosera tracyi carpet road shoulders in the northern reaches of Apalachicola National Forest – regenerating leaves quickly after mowing” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XQacX/

2021.07.10.09 Begonia at Tallahassee Nursery “Begonias are dioecious – each plant with two kinds of flowers. “Male” flowers bear pollen only, while “female” flowers are pistil-packin-mamas” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4X5Fyj/

2021.07.10.10 Hibiscus coccineus At Tallahassee Nursery “The FL native Hibiscus coccineus has remarkable capacity to tolerate saltwater. The red spatulate petals show beautifully against broad green sepals” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XaEcB/

2021.07.10.11 Coleus at Tallahassee Nursery “Coleus bring great colors to summer landscapes in warm, humid areas – even if they are somewhat square” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XDn2y/

2021.07.10.12 Pentas with insect visitors Tallahassee Nursery “Pentas (in the Coffee family) must yield some great rewards. In a nursery of bountiful flowers, the Pentas draws the crowd”https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4X6SyK/

2021.07.10.13 Hymenocallis in Eastpoint “Hymenocallis – just one more moment of adoration” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XxPnh/

2021.07.10.14 Hymenocallis in Eastpoint https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XHmJf/

2021.07.11.01 Portulaca pilosaPortulaca pilosa, native to the Americas (perhaps introduced here). Soft, relatively long axillary trichomes give the plant its species name” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdVYEqkQ/

2021.07.11.02 Dionaea muscipula  “The trap of a Venus Flytrap is a truly special leaf tip that develops with amazing structure and capabilities – trapping and “digesting” tiny insects” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdV2hHmD/

2021.07.11.03 Tate’s Hell State Forest Dwarf Cypress Boardwalk https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdV2eVPE/

2021.07.11.04 Taxodium female cones “Maturing female cones of Taxodium along the boardwalk in Tate’s Hell Dwarf Cypress Swamp” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdV2hHSt/

2021.07.11.05 Taxodium, Cyrilla, and Fraxinus caroliniana at the Boardwalk https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdVYEY9e/

2021.07.11.06 Utricularia and Nymphaea odorata https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdV21kkt/

2021.07.11.07 Teucrium canadense flower and bee visitation “Teucrium canadense populates road shoulders in Tate’s Hell State Forest, where Bombus bees take full advantage of rewards they offer.”

2021.07.12.01 Visiting a wholesale Nursery:  “A visit to Lisenby’s wholesale nursery in Panama City Beach”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdVx73T6/

2021.07.12.02 Eureka lemons with thorns: “This Eureka lemon, as with many citrus, develops axillary thorns that are more prominent in juvenille growth phases. Thorns are branches with points”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdVQdB6N/

2021.07.12.03. Hibiscus syriacus:  “Althea (Hibiscus syriacus) can take the heat. Probably truly native to China, European s first encountered this plant in Syria”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdVx35uy/

2021.07.12.04. Russelia: “Due to its arching form, Russelia equisetiformis (Firecracker Plant) is great for elevated planting (planters, slopes, & hanging baskets).”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdVQh8CK/

2021.07.12.05 Tibochina and the Melastomes: “A typical Melastome, Tibochina has the strongly-veined leaves and “geniculate” anthers common in its relatives”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdVxKM9v/

2021.07.12.06 Podocarpus macrophyllus: “Though kept at waist-height as an untidy shrub, this Podocarpus macrophyllus has still managed to produce a bumper crop of seed.’  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdVQFD3e/

2021.07.12.07. More Podocarpus macrophyllus: “Just one more glance at the seed of Podocarpus macrophyllus – remembering these are Gymnosperms, not flowering plants”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdVQNQhm/

2021.07.13.01 VPS Radford et al inflorescence sex: “A useful yet arcane aspect of descriptive botany is the assembly of words that describe complex structures – but a picture is worth a thousand”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdqjojrp/

2021.07.13.02 VPS Radford et al inflorescence sex: “Expanding rationale and construction of botanical terminology related to inflorescences”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdq6JLsX/

2021.07.13.03 Lonicera sempervirens and perfoliate leaves: “The Eastern native, Lonicera sempervirens, bears perfoliate leaves and yields bright coral, tubular flowers popular with hummingbirds”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdq6ewEG/

2021.07.14.01 “Land of perennial perpetual persistent perception”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGTkdQ8/

2021.07.14.02 Hibiscus ’Spinderella’ – showcasing the differences between adaxial and abaxial leaf surfaces:”Hibiscus ‘Spinderella’ – a hardy hybrid. Note the top a a leaf is the “adaxial” surface, while the lower surface is “abaxial””  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdqMSmfR/

2021.07.14.03 Brunnichia ovata in Apalachicola: “Brunnichia ovata (Vining Buckwheat has the geschaldt associated with the Polygonaceae – leaf shape, slightly jointed stems, and sepal-augmented fruit” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdph96Ff/

2021.07.14.04 Elderberry, developing fruit in Apalachicola: “Developing fruit of Elderberry – the purple stem brings shades of Elderberry wine” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdphKn9u/ 

2021.07.14.05 more on Brunnichia: “One more thing – about Brunnichia ovata….” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkdeJj/

2021.07.14.06 Air Potato vine: “Herbivory of Air Potato Vine (Dioscorea bulbifera) leaves by the introduced Air Potato Beetle” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkrdPG/

2021.07.14.07 Air Potato beetle: “Introducing the Air Potato Beetle (Liliociris chenii), in it’s red-coated splendor”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkL9sp/

2021.07.14.08 “Ipomoea cairica has become widely distributed around the world. Native to the Old World, it is successful in a range of habitats” Ipomoea cairica has become widely distributed around the world. Native to the Old World, it is successful in a range of habitats” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdphT6EN/

2021.07.14.09 Cicuta, the native Poison Hemlock: “Cicuta is the native Poison Hemlock, nearly indistinguishable from the Old World Conium (which is the Hemlock said to have poisoned Socrates)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkrF85/

2021.07.14.10.  Cattails near Apalachicola marina:”Cattails (Typha) headed toward maturity – each of the thousands of tiny flowers having made a 1-seeded follicle that matures crowded with its sisters” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkhxUh/

2021.07.14.11 Venus Flytrap closing mechanism: “The remarkable Venus Flytrap – see the TimeLine in my free AppleBook (A Botanical Reader) for more on the history of this curious plant”

2021.07.15.01. “Coccoloba uvifera (Seagrape) is a popular ornamental shrub for coastal landscapes (an American native). It’s dioecious; only female plants make seed.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkMQdQ/

2021.07.15.02. Palm meristem emerging leaves:”Palms develop a special apical meristem large enough to produce the entire gauge of the trunk – it is a remarkable form of primary growth”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkAvDs/

2021.07.15.03   Crinum clump, developing fruit: “Encountering mature inferior fruit of Crinum”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpk4GaT/

2021.07.15.04. Micania and Eupatorium micanioides:  “Certain “endings” in Latinized plant names indicate relationships- “oides” infers resemblance; “ifera” suggests bearing or producing” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkgsdc/

2021.07.16.01 Tomato fruit: “It’s morning in tomato-land, and we’re following the development of some fruit (i.e. some berries), which confirms the old anthers remain”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkgbhp/

2021.07.16.02 Turtle crawls: “Intermission to appreciate a sea turtle crawl on St. George island State Park beach”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkXVpo/

2021.07.16.02. Atriplex: “Known anciently in Mediterranean cultures as Atriplex as well as by the related term Orach, these salt bushes are related to the Amaranths” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkK6QA/

2021.07.16.03 Ipomoea imperati seedlings: “Though very floriferous, Ipomoea imperati seedlings appear spotily, suggesting seed set requires effective pollinators, which may not be commonplace.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpBR6nB/

2021.07.16.04. Strophostyles flower: “Got it! Utilizing the app Picture This, this pea IDs as Strophostyles helvola the Fuzzybean….”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpBNQaa/

2021.07.16.05. Ipomoea imperati fruit: “PS – images of mature fruit of Ipomoea imperati – evidence of fruit set success at this location” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpktdbL/

2021.07.16.06. Magnolia grandiflora fruiting structure, Apalachicola: “Magnolia grandiflora in its native climate, just another tree in town – but what a tree!” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkKbPX/

2021.07.16.07. Cycas recoluta female cone, Apalachicola: “A female plant of Cycas revoluta, sometimes called Sago Palm, though cycads and palms a very distant evolutionary and distinct structurally”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpB44EJ/

2021.07.16.08. Sycamore tree, nice: “Eastern Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) can reach the greatest dbh (diameter breast height) of any tree native to Eastern North America”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpB6vHe/

2021.07.17.01 Agalinus flowering in yard showing nectar guides: “A peak bloom for Agalinus adjacent to our home – beautiful details in the corolla vestiture and nectar guides…” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGc1QL9/

2021.07.17.02 Pines on the Island: “Comparing Pinus elliottii (Slash Pine) to Pinus clausa (Sand Pine), we see consistent structure with short stems (fascicles) bearing green needles”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpBSgkW/

2021.07.17.03. Vitis rotundifolia (Muscadine grapes): “Native grapes (called Muscadines or Scuppernongs) make nice fruit grown mostly for private use”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpBD4TS/

2021.07.17.04. Callicarpa developing fruit:  “American Beauty Berry fruit are nearly mature, but still green.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGcDSML/

2021.07.17.05. “Asparagus ‘Fern’ is no fern at all…. It is a flowering plant that makes fruit, like it’s close relative we eat that make our urine smell peculiar” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpBcycr/

2021.07.17.06. “Euphorbia cyathophora shows us the complex inflorescence type termed a cyathium – with its “naked” flowers.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpBGDQS/

2021.07.18.01. Venus flytrap and tree frogs: “Venus and the Frog…. Tree frogs are hanging out in the pot with my Flytrap, but it gives some scale and opportunity to look at developing leaves”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpBvtPn/

2021.07.18.02. Venus flytrap and frog and leaf development: “2nd episode of Venus and the Frog – failed entrapment. The leaf I closed will reopen in a few hours; they recover from being tricked.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpB7kbT/

2021.07.18.03. Pine needle development: “Slash Pine (Pinus elliottii), the common pine along the FL coast and barrier islands, gives us the chance to explore how pines develop needles.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpBnPAV/

2021.07.18.04 Pine cone and seed development, Pinus elliottii: “In pines, ovules (which become seed) are borne on scales, not in pistils (which are one or more leaves enclosing ovules).”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpBsLcQ/

2021.07.18.05 Campsis radicans on palm in Apalachicola: “The native Bignoniaceous vine Campsis radicans roots along its stems (hence the name “radicans” which refers to roots)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdsMB2SU/

2021.07.19.01 Sagittaria population along road on SGI: “A roadside wetland packed with magnificent plants of Sagittaria– probably S. isoitiformis. Beautiful terete leaves with basal horizontal striations” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdskHTPW/

2021.07.19.02 Sagittaria male (staminate) and female (pistillate) flowers: “Sagittaria, showing both male and female flowers.”https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdsYT79q/

2021.07.19.03 “Slash pine autopsy: Slash Pine autopsy – much of the past life of a tree is baked into the wood layers (annual rings, plumbing and support) formed each growing season” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMds2XXQM/

2021.07.19.04 A white-flowered Agalinus:  “A white-flowered Agalinus shows up on our yard – the kind of variation that allows plant breeders to develop a range of flower coloration..  An appropriate flowering on Mendel’s birthday”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdskbME6/

2021.07.20.01 Keying out Sabatia stellaris:  “Using a dichotomous key to identify Sabatia stellaris – check out the recap in the next video” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGYTdHX/

2021.07.20.02  Characteristics of Sabatia stellaris: “2nd act – a closer look at the Sabatia stellaris flower to wrap our minds around the “key” characters”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGYXHWK/

2021.07.20.03  Sabatia stellaris floating flowers “Sabatia stellaris- Beauty afloat – my own little Rose Parade (without roses)”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGYCYPF/

2021.07.20.04 Happy Birthday Gregor Mendel: “Happy Birthday, Gregor Mendel. Where (or at least, when) would modern science have developed without you?”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGaJQtS/

2021.07.20.05 Erythrina herbacea (Coral Bean) serving as a dune stabilizer:  “Erythrina herbacea, a lovely yet dangerous legume that can be a coastal dune stabilizer. It has gorgeous, trifoliate leaves” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGa2cXa/

2021.07.20.06 Cenchrus as an ornamental plant: “The sharply handsome face of Sandspurs – perhaps some hybridizing and selection could yield a great mascot for a San Antonio basketball team…” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGaMoK7/

2021.07.21.01 “Ruellia simplex, one of many cultivated plants in this genus, in fact in this family (Acanthaceae). It thrives in Florida, to the point of escaping” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdG719Tv/

2021.07.21.02 Ruellia simplex, not related to Petunia “Though folks call this Ruellia a Mexican or Peruvian Petunia, know it has little relationship to real Petunias, which are related to Tobacco” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdG78x6W/

2021.07.21.03 “Vitis aestivalis (Summer Grape) intertwining with Vitis rotundifolia (Muscadine) – showcasing the two leaf patterns” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGWKHQN/

2021.07.21.04 “Vitis rotundifolia– describing characters that help botanists distinguish one species from another” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGWnAcC/

2021.07.21.05 Quercus pumila: “Running Oak (Quercus pumila) roots along trailing branches (to the point of being rhizomatous, making for a common shrubby layer in sandy soils”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGWnwbG/

2021.07.21.06 “Rhus copallina leaves are pinnate, with recurrent tissue along the rachis – making it ‘winged’” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGWoxBA/

2021.07.21.07 Tradescantia ohiensis: “A Common Spiderwort (probably Tradescantia ohiensis) with its 3 azure blue petals 6 bright yellow stamens atop trichome-laden filaments”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGWKSYG/

2021. A scrub oak:  “Wonderful revelations – encountering a small evergreen oak I have never seen before“ https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdtBUL72/

2021.07.22.01 Platanthera chapmanii, a rare native orchid pollinated by lovely large butterflies. This orchid is likely derived from a natural hybrid. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdnfgXns/

2021.07.22.02 Cuscuta in ANF: There are several native (and two introduced) Dodders in Florida. Classified as Cuscuta, they are flowering plants in the Morning Glory family. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdnfTLFu/

2021.07.22.03 Bogs and water table in ANF: Given the shallow water table, minor variation in soil depth can make for startling differential impact on vegetation in Apalachicola National Forest https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdnfoVk7/

2021.07.22.04 Marshallia ornaments the land: Marshallia (a member of the Aster family with disk flowers only) brings a festive air to the pine flatwoods https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdnfWKh9/

2021.07.22.05 Xyris flowers bear 3 stamens and 3 “staminodia” – sterile stamens that bear the long trichomes https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdnfHk8w/

2021.07.22.06 Silphium compositum as compared to the head of an artichoke – recommending only artichoke involucral bracts as safe to consume…(not Silphium) https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdnfMvg7/

2021.07.22.07  Phoebanthus: It’s actually pronounced Fee-banthus, but folks here in the Panhandle prefer to say “Fo-banthos”….this is the endemic P. tenuifolia. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdnfjV2b/

2021.07.22.08. Plumbago auriculata, native to the Cape region of South Africa, does not appear stout or resilient, but this is one tough and adaptable plant https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdnfrDo8/

2021.07.22.09. Hibiscus aculeatus: Yet another native Hibiscus, the most commonly-encountered H. aculeatus – with its evident style and stigmatic lobes https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdnf4M1A/

2021.07.23.01 Following up on Floating Sabatia flowers: Sabatia stellaris flowers floating into their 4th day https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdnH2c2G/

2021.07.23.02 Campsis radicans floral dissection: Dissecting flowers of Campsis radicans, which are “complete” (having all parts) and therefore also “perfect” (having both stamens and pistils) https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdnHmY55/

2021.07.23.03 Conradina canescens: Like many mints, flowers of Conradina canescens flowers are well-structured for bee visitation and pollination – with a lower petal as a landing place https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdWAB1Dh/

2021.07.23.04 Physalis: Check out the fruit in a 6/15 post. One comment on that post related to an important Physalis consumed in Peru. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdWAjvac/

2021.07.24.01 Commelina erecta is a soft native herb (related to the Wandering Jewels) with 1 reduced and 2 showy petals, 4 fertile stamens and 2 staminodia  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdWA8Rsn/

2021.07.24.02 Strophostyles helvola: A pea, Strophostyles helvola, bears solitary flowers physically distant from others of tha same breed. The style and keel twist up and back https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdWAupQy/

2021.07.24.03 Gaillardia seeds itself along edges, generating heads of dark disk flowers and candy corn colored rays, https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdWABsh3/

2021.07.24.04 Galphimia (an anagram of Malpighia) has secondarily-simplified inflorescences (i.e. its ancestors had more complex branching). https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdWA5uRw/

2021.07.24.05 Mentha spicata (Spearmint) flourishing in a tub in Carrabelle. The small white flowers are crowded into terminal spikes. It’s a tetraploid!!! https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdWAMpJ1/

2021.07.25.01 Tradescantia: A closer look into a Tradescantia flower, showing the green ovary with its blue style, topped by the white, globular pistil – ready for pollination https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SYME8/ 

2021.07.25.02 Tradescantia addendum, simply to ensure we are all together on the parts of a “complete” flower: sepals, petals, stamens, & pistils https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SuvWb/

2021.07.25.03 Vasculum: Three peas with three different pods… gathering thoughts on legumes https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SPQo7/

2021.07.25.04 Desmodium – a plant with sticky fruit, explosive stamens, and other surprising features… https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SBoQ4/

2021.07.25.05 Desmodium addendum: A bit more detail on the exploding stamens of Desmodium https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SY5xf/

2021.07.25.06 Roadside treasure: The world is full of tiny flowers, each with a biology and a history. Nature is infinitely engrossing, and plants are ultimately captivating https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SQBVj/

2021.07.25.07 Platanthera chapmanii population: A plentious population of the otherwise rare Platanthera chapmanii – so common along this stretch of roadway, yet unseen along another 100 miles. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7ShhKV/

2021.07.25.08 Asclepias connivens for sure and certain – an inordinately large and unusual flower, even among such curious relatives https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SAcnv/

2021.07.25.09 Elephantopus: A handsome but horticulturallly-ignored composite, Elephantopus thrives in some challenging locations, Elephantfoot is a delight to encounter. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SBQTd/

2021.07.25.10 Liatris: A mighty tall Liatris comes into flower in Apalachicola- with discreet heads of purple disk flowers that merge into linear sparklers https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SvmPH/

2021.07.25.11 Stokesia laevis: Stokesia, a monotypic genus (= has only 1 species), blurs normally clear boundaries between ray and disk flowers in Composites https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SXHsv/

2021.07.25.01 Scoparia: A common, introduced roadside herb, Scoparia montevidensis flowers are a tiny show, with 4 petals, 4 stamens, 1 green pistil, and a shock of trichomes https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7Sj66x/

2021.07.25.02 Rhododendron: Take two – once I checked the keys and decided this is probably Rhododendron alabamense – white flowers with 5 stamens https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SSHMy/

2021.07.25.03 Rhidodendron: This shrub keys out as Rhododendron alabamense (white-flowered) rather than the pink-flowered R. austrinum. Wonderful!!! https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SStKf/

2021.07.25.04 Rhexia: Here’s a Rhexia, a beautiful Melastome. This one is either R. aliphanus or R. marianna – will investigate further https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SrPBm/

2021.07.25.05 Sassafras: A seedling Sassafras shows the variable leaf shapes we associate with the plant – from elliptical to simply but variously lobed. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SSf6M/

2021.07.25.06 Understory diversity: Pine flatwoods forests, places of variety, complexity, color and balance that rival planted gardens for composition and texture https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7Sfa7s/

2031.07.25.07 Rhexia: A closer examination of the lovely and crazily exotic flowers of Rhexia https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7Aa1UC/ 

2021.07.25.08 Centrosema, the Butterfly Pea, is fairly similar to Clitoria (called Pigeonwings), both having large, lovely flowers with the standard below the keel https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SrXw5/

2021.07.26.09 Clethra flowers hold many secrets, such as an inversion that marks the final stage of anther development – sadly, the secrets are behind a “pay wall” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SFoHY/

2021.07.25.10 DYC: A roadside DYC (damned yellow composite) for determination- but this one has so many distinctive features, it should be a cinch. But it isn’t..  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SrPAd/

2021.07.27.01 Agalinus lives by Banker’s hours – opening by 9:00, but with the doors firmly shut until that time… https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdvamCJ5/

2021.07.27.02 More Agalinus follow up… going natural. Our neighbors probably think we are slobs… https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdvaxxQ2/

2021.07.27.03 Orthosiphon aristatus (ortho=straight; siphon=a tube – describing the straight tubular corolla) is a mint native to Asia. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdvafVns/

2021.07.27.04 Bauhinia The Fabaceous (in the Legume family, the Fabaceae) genus Bauhinia is known for its exotic flowers. The name honors brothers Caspar and Jean Bauhin https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdvamjQT/

2021.07.27.05 Orthosiphon Posted simply to correct spelling of the specific name from a previous clip…. This is Orthosiphon aristatus (not aristarus), Cat’s Whiskers https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdvatUo7/

2021.07.27.06 Caladiums thrive in humid, warm climates, and are therefore excellent summer color plants for Southeastern gardeners, and unsuccessful in California https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdva6Fs7/

2021.07.27.07 Rhododendron serrulatum UPDATE!!! Not Rhododendron austrinum, and not R. alabamense. The correct name for this summer-flowering native azalea is Rhododendron serrulatum https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdva28mJ/

2021.07.28.01 Spanish moss at Ft. Wilderness Spanish Moss isn’t a “moss” – it’s a flowering plant related to pineapple and other bromeliads. In this video, we see its dried, capsular fruit https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdvaroBS/

2021.07.28.02 Russelia equisetiformis has “whorled” leaves, which leads to whorled architecture – several leaves and branches arising from each node https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdva8avj/

2021.07.28.03 Columnar Cananga Wow – a super-columnar form of ylang-ylang (Cananga odorata) – wait for the fruit, which are diagnostic for this family, the Annonaceae https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdv5EagF/

2021.07.28.04 Tibouchina (perhaps T. heteromalla) showcasing its beautifully-veined and silver-texture do foliage – among many species cultivated in warm regions https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdvaepyU/

2021.07.29.01 Silver Maple Checking out a maple tree in Disney’s Fr. Wilderness RV campground- looks to be Acer saccharinum – Silver Maple https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcwpLvc/

2021.07.29.02 Turnera difussa – note that plants in the “Turneraceae” are now recognized as members of the Passiflora family – not especially close to Malvaceae  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcw3W1A/

2021.07.29.03 Crinum asiaticum An Asiatic Crinum shows six incredible (and versatile – i.e. hinged, easily moved) stamens, and a short style https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcwt9Xr/

2021.07.29.04 Crinum asiaticum Another Asiatic Crinum, showing pure white color and recurved tepals https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcK18p5/

2021.07.29.05 Jatropha male flowers – Jatropha integerrima, a Euphorb with pollen-bearing flowers that have red petals and stamens. Pistillate flowers have a rather naked ovary https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdwCaDUm/s

2021.07.29.06 Jatropha female flowers – Finding Jatropha integerrima pistillate flowers https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdwCk3hL

2021.07.29.07 Caryota – Nice planting of the monocarpic Caryota palms in the Pandora fantasy landscape (after the movie Avatar) at Disney’s Animal Kingdom https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcwGgen/

2021.07.30.01 Hamelia at the Settlement – Hamelia patens, a widely-utilized shrub in the coffee family (Rubiaceae). “Patens” means “spreading” – but that could refer to the shrub, leaves, etc   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcwqVXG/

2021.07.30.02 Oncidium from Animal Kingdom – The orchid genus Oncidium has been split into several genera, but they share the doll-like appearance of their flowershttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcK1oY5/

2021.07.30.03 EPCOT The Land bromeliads – As epiphytes, Bromeliads make roots that functionai for attachment. Special trichomes on leaf surfaces take in water and nutrients https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcKJpKg/

2021.07.30.04 EPCOT Catharanthus hanging baskets – Hybridizers have generated highly useful horticultural selections that have edged Impatiens out of the mainstream for many uses https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcwbFkC/

2021.07.30.05 EPCOT Land ride pt 1 – Loving the crops on display in The Land at EPCOT – it’s bananas at the end https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcwtMbx/

2021.07.30.06 EPCOT Land ride pt 2 – At The Land, EPCOT- Hang in there to see the spiraling stems of tomatoes – pretty cool https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcw4JNn/

2021.07.30.07 EPCOT Land ride pt 3 – Third and final part of The Land boat ride at EPCOT. Herbs and edible flowers https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcwwhYQ/

2021.07.30.08 Vitex at EPCOT – Vitex agnus-castus (though I persist in saying “castee”) is also called Chaste tree, based on ancient belief it could help lower sexual urges https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcKRajg/

2021.07.30.09 Pagoda plant, Clerodendrum – Pagoda flower (one of many incredibly exotic Clerodendron species) creates long stamens that mature before the style and stigma – i.e. protandry https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcwK4sW/

2021.07.31.01 Zamia – Male and female cones, on different plants of course… Zamia, like other cycads, is dioecious https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcwVbv1/

2021.07.31.02 Lilium – A Lily similar to the commercial Easter Lily flowers in various seasons and areas of the US. In July we have this version – prob. Lilium longiflorum https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcwc9Me/

2021.08.01.01 Illustrations from Clewell (1984) describing floral structure of grasses. To comprehend these plants, we rely on particular terminology https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd3PFHAY/

2021.08.01.02 Agalinus buds 8:10 AM – Back to Agalinus – #1 – buds not yet open https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd3PMpae/

2021.08.01.03 Agalinus open flowers 10:20 AM – Agalinus flower watch – Part #2 flowers open https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd3PBbYx/

2021.08.01.04 Agalinus watch – Part #a visitor arrives https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd3PS6sF/

2021.08.01.05 Agalinus watch Part #4 a bee actively moves from flower to flower https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd3PYwYp/

2021.08.01.06 Agalinus watch -Part #5 more video of the visitor https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd3PHSe9/

2021.08.01.07 Platanthera chapmanii Another week passed and we’re checking in on the Platanthera chapmanii population. In another week these plants should be approaching peak bloom https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd3PY5wG/

2021.08.01.08 Myrica cerifera fruit Bayberry (Myrica cerifera) fruit exude a waxy coating that can be extracted for candle-making. The specific name (cerifera) means “wax bearing” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd3PfE89/

2021.08.02.01 Water Hyacinth a South American native that became a true pest in warm-climate waterways around the world. It’s charm is part of the problem https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdwHfDMk/

2021.08.03.01 Strophostyles flowers Some background on the flowers of Strophostyles helvola, leading to an attempt to capture video of the pollination mechanism https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdwHS3Xd/

2021.08.03.02 Strophostyles pollination mechanism Another attempt in demonstrating the pollen-delivery mechanism in Strophostyles (SandPea) https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdwHHCb2/

2021.08.03.03 Strophostyles pollination mechanism – delivery mechanism https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdwHUxrV/

2021.08.03.04 Strophostyles pollination mechanism, demonstrating the basic pollination mechanism https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdwHSPxs/

2021.08.03.05 Corrected ID on Kallstroemia  – CORRECTION – the plant I posted as Tribulus recently is in the related genus Kallstroemia. Now I want to see the real Tribulushttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdwHhApV/

2021.08.03.06 Vigna luteola, called Cowpea…. This vining pea covers other vegetation like a miniature Kudzu (which also is a pea)… https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdwHjH5x/

2021.08.04.01 Hererotheca subaxillaris first take – misspoken: Now regarded as separate from the related Golden Asters (Chrysopsis), Hererotheca is distinguished as having ‘epappose’ ray flowers://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdwHmpwR/

2021.08.04.02 Ipomoea early AM “First of Two – early AM with Ipomoea imperati – flowers still opening at 8:40″ https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdwHnhUY/

2021.08.04.03 Ipomoea later AM “Second of Two – Later AM with Ipomoea imperati – nearly 11:00 AM. Wondering if wet pollen is viable and if wet flowers can self” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdw91gta/

2021.08.04.04 Heterotheca subaxillaris amended “Reissuing the Heterotheca post – because I repeated a point, but said it backwards. This purges the incorrect repeat…. Jim” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdw9R6Ww/

2021.08.05.01 Beans intro “Knowing Beans – A bean or pea seed is an embryonic plant wrapped in a maternal seed coat (testa). Seed imbibe water to hydrate cells for germination” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdw9UvKc/

2021.08.05.02 Beans Kentucky Wonder “The wonders of a Bean – a naturally dehydrated structure with growth potential wrapped in a testa (a seed coat) developed with its siblings in a pod.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdw92aV2/

2021.08.05.03 Beans Lima, King “The Lima Bean embryo – part 1” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdw992vB/

2021.08.05.04 Beans, Lima, Continued “The “hilum” is simply the scar left on a seed as evidence of its attachment to the placenta via the funiculus – like your navel.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdw9ascf/

2021.08.05.05 Beans, 1500 year old “A great speckled bean derived from ancient seed shares its embryological secrets – scars and all.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdw9hKgP/

2021.08.05.06 Rhododendron serrulatum https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdw9Fq2s/

2021.08.05.07 Platanthera chapmanii roadside “Thanks to Liberty County road crews for preserving a staggeringly beautiful population of Chapman’s Yellow-fringed orchids in peak bloom” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdw9ACeP/

2021.08.05.08 “Clethra is another plant that evidences the ancient connections between Asian and North American floras. The US is thought to have two native species.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdw9rarb/

2021.08.05.09 Lobelia floridana with grasshopper “Lobelia floridana is one of many species in the genus that thrive in standing water. They can persist in very small stands, often just a few plants” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdw9hVsP/

2021.08.05.10 Platanthera chapmanii variation “Platanthera chapmanii is a good species that persists in stable populations, maintaining reproductive isolation through pollination mechanisms” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdw9mJg8/

2021.08.05.11 Platanthera chapmanii and Zigadenus glabberimus as associates “Potential plant habitats can often be indent based on presence of “associates” – other plants that thrive under the same environmental conditions” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdw9DHJk/

2021.08.05.12 Rhexia “Another lovely Rhexia to ponder” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdw9YCWq/

2021.08.05.13 Water lilies in borrow pit https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdw9AhJ8/

2021.08.06.01  Clethra and Titi in FL 68 South of Wilma “With mid-summer we come to fruiting season. Cliftonia & Cyrilla (related yet very distinct shrubs) make much of the biomass along swampy boundaries.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR1NqFhL/

2021.08.06.02 Rhexia on 113 W of Wilma. “Rhexia aliphanus (said to have been named for resemblance of its urn-shaped fruit to vessels from Alife, Italy)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR1Ngt2r/

2021.07.06.03 Asclepias on 113 West of Wilma “Asclepias lanceolata flowers throughout the summer in the Florida Panhandle. #asclepias #floridanativeplantshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR1FUu94/

2021.07.06.04 Rhexia on 113 W of Wilma https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR1FSyNC/

2021.08.06.05 Young Longleaf Pine stand “A young stand showing growth habit of Longleaf Pine, Pinus palustris”  #pinus #forestry #botany #ecologyhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR1FMXLd/

2021.08.06.06  Lilium catesbaei on a roadside “The structurally-engaging flower of Lilium catesbaei – looking for info on possible pollinators. #liliumcatesbaei  #floridanativeplantshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR1F5gs1/

2021.08.07.01 Crotalaria spectabilis near Wilma, FR 13 “Two problematic exotics – Crotalaria spectabilis (toxic to livestock) and Lygodium japonicum (contaminates pine straw gatherings with spores)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR1FBBn3/

2021.08.07.02 Tupelo swamp along Kennedy Creek “Tupelo honey has a rich but not overwhelming fragrance and abjures crystallization. Beekeepers bring hives to the swamps during tree flowering” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR1F9EjW/

2021.08.07.03 A wet prairie north of Sumatra on 379 “Boggy grasslands in Pine flatwoods are called “prairies” – but don’t think covered wagons or little houses- these are open, grassy wetlands” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR1FS1xc/

2021.08.07.04 Marshallia on FR 114 “Marshallia is a daisy with broad crown-shaped heads of showy disk flowers, topping a wand-like green stem (therefore, one could say “virgate”) with clasping leaves” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR1F6w61/

2021.08.08.01 Merrania dissecta in Apalachicola. A member of the Morning Glory family, Merremia dissecta differs from Ipomoea in producing an inflated calyx that folds back as a woody ‘rose’” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR1FVJyW/

2021.08.08.02 Clematis terniflora in Apalachicola “Clematis terniflora is characterized by 4 petal-like sepals. The flowers lack true petals, even though I persist in using that term in describing them” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR1FsP4a/

2021.08.09.01 Trifoliate leaves “Many plants make trifoliate leaves, especially legumes. Some vary leaf form over the growing period. But Poison Ivy invariably has 3 leaflets.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR1FKht1/

2021.08.09.02 Papilio visiting Platanthera chapmanii “After 3 hours observation, one clip of Platanthera chapmanii visitation by a Papilio butterfly, which is the normal pollinator of this orchid.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR1FcQTQ/

2021.08.10.01 Germination of ‘Kentucky Wonder’ “Examing germination 4 days after planting hydrated seed. A ‘Kentucky Wonder’ seedling is the first to surface. Note leaves and stem are now green.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR1FGgXx/

2021.08.11.01 Thunbergera grandiflora “Not listed as invasive in Florida (yet), the dramatic Thunbergia grandiflora makes the Acanthaceae proud. If you grow this, don’t let it out of sight” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRRgYPNs/

2021.08.11.02. LiriodendronLiriodendron tulipifera, native to the Eastern US, and 1 of 8 dominants that E. Lucy Braun listed as defining the Eastern Mixed Mesophytic forest” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRRb55UX/

2021.08.11.03 Camellia sinensis ‘Dr. Bi’s LSU Tea Plant: “Of course I bought one! How could I resist a plant unlikely to thrive, but so tantalizing?” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRRbCH6x/

 2021.08.12.01 Hibiscus coccineus “Flowers of the native Hibiscus coccineus produce broad, acutely light green sepals that show strikingly agains the carmine-red, spatulate petals”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRRbNsdc/

2021.08.12.02 Ipomoea developing seedling “Post-germination, Beach Morning Glory (Ipomoea imperati) establishes quickly” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRRbBfkW/

2021.08.12.03 Sarracenia flava fruiting “Developing pistils (fruit) of Sarracenia flava show a round warty ovary hidden below the impressive umbrella-like stigmatic structure” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRRbkQMW/

2021.08.12.04 Water Hyacinth “Looking more closely into floral structure and botany of Water Hyacinth – Pontederia crassipes”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRRbD8Bn/ 

2021.08.12.05 Water Hyacinth “Water Hyacinth is consummately adapted for aggressive vegetative growth, quickly blanketing warm ponds and eddys” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRRb8gMN/

2021.08.13.01 Ipomoea indicaIpomoea indica can be identified (in comparison to I. purpurea) by its lobed leaves and retrorse trichomes” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRRbeoDy/

2021.08.13.02 Gloriosa “Gloriosa lilies could not be more glorious than in this Apalachicola pocket garden….” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRRbBML1/

2021.08.14.01 Crape Myrtle “The tallest Crape Myrtle I have ever seen! In this area (Tallahassee, FL), Lagerstroemia can grow to surprising tree heights”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRRbFHAp/

2021.08.14.02 Passiflora quadrangularis “Look it up! Passiflora quadrangularis produces a large, edible fruit, handsome simple leaves, and “winged” stems” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRRbYGse/

2021.08.14.03 Lotus leaf “Lotus (Nelumbo) leaves are rife with lessons, as exemplars of the term “peltate” and originators of hydrophobic epidermal cell spacing” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRRqsteX/

2021.08.14.04 Mimosa strigulosum “Many legumes produce leaves that are sensitive to touch. The leaves are “bipinnately” compound – which means twice divided into leaflets” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRRqxj9F/

2021.08.14.05 Bees and Salvia ‘Playing the Blues’ (Salvia longispicata x farinacea} “Salvia hybrids become increasingly common as great blue-flowering garden plants- which will make the bees happy.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRRqxh99/

2021.08.14.06 Hedychium coronariumHedychium coronarium perfumes gardens and waysides, to the point of excess. The rhizomatous habit means cutting down will not eradicate colonies” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRRqbRu7/

2021.08.14.07 Vernonia giganteaVernonia gigantea brightens Florida hammocks and attracts a range of butterflies.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRRqaFu2/

2021.08.14.08. Camellia virus “Virus-induced variegation was historically popular with Camellia enthusiasts, who would graft virused scions onto specimens to promote streaked petals” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRRqXd5s/

2021.08.14.09 Pinus glabra “Spruce Pine (Pinus glabra) is uncommon, but merits greater landscape use for its densely rich green foliage. It’s curious cones resemble spruce cones.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRRqmyu9/

2021.08.15.01 Clewell’s Sympetalous corollas illustrations “A picture can help condense many words into a single term” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRRqq9QL/

2021.08.16.01 Rainfall from Fred “Tropical Storm Fred brings rain to end a 3-day drought on St George. In a couple of days the roads will again dawn dusty as deep sands drain” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRLMY6cY/

2021.08.16.02 Post-Fred “A storm (this time it was “Fred”) passes St George to rage elsewhere. We heave a sigh while others gird up their loins” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRLMrEo7/

2021.08.17.01 Bacopa caroliniana “At Howard Creek landing we found a nice growth of Bacopa caroliniana, a wet-area Scroph that looks (and smells) like a mint. It is used in aquaria” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRLMhGTG/

2021.08.17.02 Tupelo fruit “Tropical Storm Fred caused a windfall of Tupelo fruit (drupes) here at the Howard Creek landing” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRLMY9Vx/

2021.08.17.03 Highway verges “The wildflower grim reaper – we need to do better” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRLMuCa5/

2021.08.17.04 The swamp “Discard thoughts of swamps as morose or gloomy – this creek meeting the Dead Lakes and Chipola River makes for a beautiful passing” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRLMvveA/

2021.08.17.05 Hibiscus militaris “Gaskin Park, near Wewahitchka, marks the near melding of rivers that form the Apalachicola – home of Hibiscus militaris popns” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRLM7aug/

2021.08.18.01 ScopariaScoparia dulcis (though I continue to say “Scoparius”) – another un-prepossessing roadside herb of tropical origin – note variability in petal number”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrF6pC5/

2021.08.18.02 Slash Pine Seedlings “Slash Pine is well-adapted to ups and downs in the water table along the Gulf Coast. Plots may sit in standing water or cope with weeks of drought”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrFHV8b/

2021.08.18.03 Utricularia at Dwarf Cypress “Close up and personal with Utricularia purpurea at Tate’s Hell dwarf cypress swamp”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrFFw9d/

2021.08.18.04 Monarda punctata “In coastal areas of Tate’s Hell, one encounters large roadside populations of Monarda punctata – color intensity varies, but this is a nice form”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrF9jUd/

2021.08.19.01 Centrosema and Clitoria “At Pine Log State Forest, we can find and compare scores of flowers of two genera called Butterfy Pea – Centrosema and Clitoria”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrFj7pp/

2021.08.19.02 Ruellia ciliosa “This humble and hairy Ruellia (with a deep throat) opens upward from the forest floor. Per Wunderlin&Hansen, it’s Ruellia ciliosa.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrFSC3f/

2021.08.19.03 Hypericum “One of many native relatives of Europe’s St. John’s Wort, this plant looks to be Hypericum hypericoides – with 4 petals and a short 2-branched style”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrFrGYu/

2021.08.21.01 Ipomoea imperati boom day “Time to do a literature search on Ipomoea imperati…. Someone must have studied the “autecology” or at least the pollination biology of this neat plant”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrF2qQ7/

2021.08.21.02 Atriplex gone “Atriplex pentandra populated the beaxh, just proud of the high water mark. Practically extirpated by Hurricane Fred, how do storms figure in its popn biology?”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrFAqX5/

2021.08.21.03 Poison Ivy fall color “Beautiful early fall color in Poison Ivy rampant in tall pines by the bay on St George Island – color revealed with the breaddown of chlorophyll”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrYJeyr/

2021.08.21.04 UtriculariaUtricularia flowers are “zygomorphic” (strongly bilaterally symmetrical) with a lip that drops down to expose anthers and entry to a shallow nectary.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrFs41c/

2021.08.21.05 Pistia “The lovely Pistia differs vegetatively from it’s other aroid relatives. Though quaint, it becomes an aggressive seasonal pond weed.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrFq2VB/

2021.08.22.01 Platanthera chapmanii Ocholochonee “Platanthera chapmanii, again. Fun to encounter populations of rare orchids that expand my understanding of their occurrence and ecologies.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrF7tBT/

2021.08.22.02 Oak leaves “Just collecting samples from oaks within two blocks of our home on St George Island yields a a host of ID challenges. Oaks are tough to tie down.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrYJ3ev/

2021.08.23.01 Eriogonum “A fun encounter with Erioganum tomentosum in the Nature Conservancy managed Garden of Eden, Bristol, Liberty County, Florida”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrFo9ts/

2021.08.23.02 Tipularia  “The Crane Fly Orchid flowering in first understory at The Garden of Eden – an important Eastern deciduous forest refugium along the Apalachicola River”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrF3amo/

2021.08.24.01 Eden Gardens “Given escape from destructive hurricanes, Southern Live Oak creates arching low-canopied domes and hammocks in the coastal Southeast”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrFbXo9/

2021.08.24.02 Aralia spinosa “Hercules Club, Aralia spinosa, evidences floristic relationships of North Temperate Asia, Europe, and North America”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrFoxEc/

2021.08.24.03 “Inosculation” Look it up! This is an example (in the plant world) of “inosculation” – no chance a hickory and pine can form a pinhickory, but curious to contemplate”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrFvdBE/

2021.08.24.04 Elephantopus “A singular and delightful daisy, Elephantopus survives in areas that are mowed by keeping its green leaves down close to the ground”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrFcCDm/

2021.08.24.05 Bidens “The yellow-flowered Spanish Needles, Bidens bipinnata, resembles Ragweed until the flowers show.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrF3JnV/

2021.08.24..06 Ilex opaca dioecious “Hollies, generally, are dioecious – with anther-bearing flowers (male) on one plant and pistil-bearing flowers (female) on separate plants”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrFnkvy/

2021.08.24.07 Ilex opaca non-glossy “Ilex opaca, American Holly, is similar to the European Ilex, but differs in bearing non-glossy leaves, hence the epithet “opaca” – dulled, shaded.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrFtGDQ/

2021.08.25.01 Panicum amarum stamens “Rusty orange stamens emerge and dance in the breezes for the late-season flowering of Panicum amarum in dunes in St. George”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrFs7Cf/

2021.08.26.01 Tradescantia pallidaTradescantia pallida, a trailing herb native to Mexico, is a popular informal addition to gardens, most useful as a container plant.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrFE3rU/

2021.08.26.02 Asclepias and Papilio “Servied by Papilios and various other butterflies for pollination, Asclepias does double duty as obligate host plant for Monarch butterfly larvae”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrFcdnk/

2021.08.26.03 Okra and Cotton “Okra and Cotton are Hibiscus relatives that make capsular fruit. Okra is eaten when still green and muscilaginous, while the cotton capsule is picked dry, with “hairy” seed” Cotton trichomes (hairs), also called lint or fibers, are single cells protruding from the seed coat epidermis. Most plant cells are too small to be seen without aid of a microscope, so these trichomes are wonderous exceptions.  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrFtMqe/

2021.08.26.04 Sweet Potato “Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas) was introduced from the New World to other tropical regions as part of the “Colombian Exchange””  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrYJTve/

2021.08.26.05 Chapman “A new garden takes root on the home territory of one of the earliest Southeastern residential botanists Alvan Wentworth Chapman of Apalachicola.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrFoRa3/

2021.08.26.06 Mulberry “Morus bombycis leaves are consumed in massive quantities by voracious silkworm caterpillars. Pupae are boiled to unravel the delicate protein fibers”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrFWh6x/

2021.08.26.07 Passiflora coccinea “Petals as faithful apostles, stamens as wounds, styles as nails – are part of the symbolism ascribed to Passiflora by clergy”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrYJJKK/

2021.08.26.08 Pecan “Pecan growing where it is happiest. A particular relative of hickory, Carya illinoisensis, pecans have similar seed, each half being a seed leaf”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRrFK1He/

2021.08.26.09 Callicarpa siting along New Canal, north of Port St. Joe, FL “Mature fruit on Callicarpa americana, from a trip north of Port St. Joe in mid-August” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyaJDRF/

2021.08.30.01 Ipomoea in Jan’s Garden “Two more Ipomoea species, I. purpurea and I. lacunosa, to add to our explorations. Both are herbaceous vines with similar character to others”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRySK59f/

2021.08.20.02 Obedient Plant “Obedient Plant (Physotegia virginiana), a native perennial that should be in any Eastern garden, is a mint (Lamiaceae), with it’s own ‘look’” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRySoDMF/

2021.08.30.03 Parsley and Black Swallowtail Larvae “Who knew? Italian Parsley (not Cilantro) is preferred by Swallow-tail larvae. Anyone recognize these larvae?”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAYpjk/

2021.08.30.04 Zinnias and other Composites “Daisies (sunflowers, zinnias marigolds, etc) are the glories of summer. Some are all rays, some all disk flowers, and some both.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRySvtBX/

2021.08.30.05 Basil “Basil plants make ultimate bee flowers, and this plant has been a great pollinator resource for some time – but winter approaches and that relationship is about to end for plant and bee” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRySEATv/

2021.08.30.06 Ipomoea up close “Believing this keys to Ipomoea lacunosa, rather than the related Convolvulus (Bindweed). Both will have tubular corollas” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAdV4u/

2021.08.30.07 Thunbergia “Thunbergia alata has the trappings of other Acanthaceae, especially large bracts “subtending,” even clasping around the flower”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyANaG8/

2021.08.30.08 Perilla “There are green and bronze-leaves forms of Perilla species, and several distinct chemical cultigens grown for various gustatory and medicinal reasons”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRySsd9m/

2021.08.30.09 Catalpa fruit “Maturing catalpa fruit in Browns Mills, NJ. Each seed is winged with an oval halo of diaphanous tissue, enough to lift in breezes from split fruit”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyA5bxB/

2021.08.30.10 Quercus alba acorns “White Oak, Quercus alba, is an important timber and “mast” tree in Eastern N. America. The acorn cap scales are knobby”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAXAfH/

2021.08.30.11 Celosia “Cresting Celosias in Jan’s garden (Brown’s Mills, NJ). When an apical meristem (normally a point) becomes linear, it “propagates” structure in crest.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAAcBt/

2021.08.30.12 White Pine “The White Pine, recognized by British as a significant resource of the Colonies (particularly for ship masts) became a symbol of revolution”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAQXdu/

2021.08.30.13 Mosses “Mosses are true plants that never make seed or pollen or pistils or cones. They reverse our ideas, with haploidy as the dominant life cycle stage” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyA638w/

2021.08.30.14 Reflections “Life in reflection – maples being straightforwardly opposite.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAu1QW/

2021.08.30.15 Epicormic growth “Epicormic sprouts on Pitch Pine evidence a recent change in fortunes, a response to loss of the crown in a heavy snowfall last winter,”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAxH6N/

2021.08.30.16 Sassafras leaf “Sassafras – again. For cultural history, check out the Plant Trivia TimeLine in my ebook or website – botanyincontext.com”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAuYVR/

2021.08.31.01 Rhexia in NJ “So alike and yet so different…. Eastern New Jersey boasts Coastal Plain nature, but with a more northerly take, as in this bog”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyADwMw/

2021.08.31.02 Nympaea odorata? “Water lilies in New Jersey swamp sites”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAfREF/

2021.08.31.03 Basket oaks “When you fell the leader, this oak becomes a basket case.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyABuwc/

2021.08.31.04 Pinus rigida “Pitch Pine depends on fire for release of seed, opening of habitats for germination, and a boosting dusting of ash as fertilizer.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyA9Lrr/

2021.08.31.05 Clethra “Almost like it’s been drugged, this bee takes its time working over Clethra flowers along a wet forested edge.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAQBsu/

2021.08.31.06 Curlygrass Fern “A small bog of wonders harbors the curiously distinct Curlygrass Fern, one of the few species of Schizaea, the sole genus in its family”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyASYKJ/

2021.08.31.07 Cranberries “Northeastern bogs boast many plants not seen in Southeastern wetlands, such as the orchid Arethusa bulbosa and the Ericaceous cranberry.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyA4d4q/

2021.08.31.08 New Jersey Shore “Visiting a beach flora a thousand miles away from home, finding the new and the familiar”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAHWQS/

2021.08.31.09 Rosa rugosa “When fruiting, the floral cup of Rosa rugosa fully surrounds developing pistils, lending the appearance the hip is a fruit wall”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAhtxY/

2021.08.31.10 Strophostyles  “Finding Strophostyles on the Jersey beach, with its twisted keel and handsome trifoliate leaves.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyACr32/

2021.08.31.11 Rosa rugosa “An Asian native, Rosa rugosa, escapes cultivation to join other beach-adapted imports here on the Jersey shore, known today as the “Beach Rose””  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyD1spH/

2021.08.31.12 Grassy-leaves goldenrod  “Need ideas about the ID of this diligent and dedicated insect visitor to the Grass-leaved Golden Rod at the pigmy pine site” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAgKpG/

2021.08.31.13 Pinus rigida and Pinus echinata at Pigmy Pines “Life and death reproduction in an oddly-dwarfed oak-pine south Jersey ‘forest’“  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAqJsP/

2021.08.31.14 Quercus marylandica in the Pigmy Pines “A Scrub Blackjack Oak (Quercus marylandica) wins the prize for reproduction this season” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAghxP/

2021.09.01.01 Campsis stems and roots “Trumpet Creeper (Campsis radicans) takes it to the wall, showing that nodes are where the action is.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyATf7X/

2021.09.01.02 Callicarpa volunteer in Jan’s Garden “An Asian Callicarpa takes root in an American garden, where the North Temperate climate duplicates its native needs.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAKede/

2021.09.01.03 Clover and Oxalis “Though unrelated, clover and oxalis can appear similar vegetatively”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAqou1/

2021.09.01.04 Rhododendron growth pattern “Rhodies show a common growth pattern, with successive layers of vegetative growth emerging at the bases of stem-terminating flowering structures” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyDJpeT/

2021.09.01.05 Impatiens at Fox Den, New Scranton, PA “Gem-like flowers of Impatiens pallida have tiny, tubular spurs arising from saccate nectaries”https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAVpC8/

2021.09.01.06 Cuphaea at Fox Den “Vestiture is an encompassing term for the surface effect of trichomes – this Cuphaea viscosissima is covered with stipitate glandular trichomes” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAc3nd/

2021.09.01.07 Verbesina angustifolia at Fox Den “A beautifully-winged stem helps distinguish this Verbesina from other tall, yellow-flowering roadside late summer daisies” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyD1DVA/

2021.09.01.08 Walnut fruit, Fox Den “One of two walnuts native to Eastern North America, Black Walnut is valued for its wood, while the nut harvest remains a special cottage industry”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAqjab/

2021.09.01.09 Walnut leaves and branches, Fox Den “Fleshing out a few more thoughts on Black Walnut. Leachates from their leaves are thought allopathic (toxic to some other plants)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAbfRH/

2021.09.02.01 Fagus grandifolia at The Dawes Arboretum “A towering American Beech, with its grey elephant-skin bark and spindly buds, shades The Dawes Arboretum entryway.”https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAG4tc/

2021.09.02.02 Cosmos sulphureus, Dawes “The Sulfur Cosmos (which so much resembles a Bidens) shows disk flowers beautifully, and draws a crowd of insects.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyAKmfy/

2021.09.02.03  Echinacea, Dawes Pollinator Garden “The Dawes Arboretum pollinator garden was flush with business today.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyDPSn1/

2021.09.02.04 Zinnias and  monarch, Dawes “The Pollinator Habitat at Ohio’s Dawes Arboretum” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyD2dex/ 7003518110514908422

2021.09.02.05 Willow Maze, Dawes “A different kind of basket case, made of living willow and changing daily – a naturally magical exploration place at Dawes Arboretum”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyD6Bbw/ 

2021.09.02.06 Heliopsis, Dawes “Heliopsis helianthoides (“looks like the sun” + “looks like sunflower”) is a spectacuynatice perennial, the glory of garden and prairie alike”    https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyD2NBy/

2021.09.02.07 Smooth Aster, Dawes “Where did Aster go? Current thought is that New World plants formerly deemed Asters are truly their own lineage; thus this resurrected genus” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyDfVWQ/

2021.09.02.08 Tilia, Dawes “About 30 kinds of Tilia are native to North Temperate zones in America, Europe, and Asia. They all have this nifty bract” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyDhfMM/

2021.09.02.09 Japanese Garden, Dawes Arboretum “Designed and built in 1963, the Dawes Arboretum’s Japanese Garden complements the Asia-American core collection of North Temperate woody flora” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyDUw5g/

2021.09.02.10 Carpinus, Dawes Arboretum “Carpinus (in the Birch family) is a nice small, commonly multi-trunks tree. The wood is said to be very dense and thus hard to work.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyDPvnD/

2021.09.02.11  Pinus strobus nana, Dawes Arboretum “A low-branching form of White Pine (Pinus strobus) makes a perfect stand-in for Japanese White Pine (Pinus parviflora) in the Dawes Japanese Garden” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyDAhr3/

2021.09.02.12 Buckeye, Aesculus flava, Dawes “America’s native Aesculus inherit the common name Horsechestnut from European relatives. Along with the Maples, they are now subsumed in the Sapindaceae” Note that the large American native, Aesculus glabra is Ohio’s state tree, and the source of references to Buckeyes. When the “spreading Chestnut” mentioned in Longfellow’s poem was felled, the wood was used to make a rocking chair given to him. On later examination of the wood in that chair, it was discovered to have been a “spreading Horsechestnut”. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyDPW6a/

2021.09.02.13 Chionanthus retusa, Dawes “Given the many changes in plant systematics over the past two decades, it’s notable that the Olive family remains as a naturally cohesive grouping.” Chionanthus is among the many plants that remind us of the ancient floristic connectivity of the American and Asian North Temperate floras, having a “vicariad” (Chionanthus virginicus) native to the Southeastern US. Horticulturally, scions of Chionanthus can be successfully grafted to rootstock of Ash (Fraxinus, also in the Oleaceae) https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyDUoYd/

2021.09.02.14  Campsis, cream-colored, Dawes “Horticulturists enjoy introducing unusual flower color forms, especially when the plant reputation is mono-thematically based a narrow palette”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyDBUJr/

2021.09.02.15 Japanese Anemone, Dawes “Note that botanists consider the Anemone tepals to be sepals, there being no true petals. Today these Anemones are placed in the genus Eriocapitellahttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyDBnkL/

2021.09.02.16 Nyssa sylvatica, Dawes “Forest Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) represented by two striking specimens at The Dawes Arboretum in Ohio” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyDjMAy/

2021.09.02.17 Acer saccharum, Dawes “A lovely specimen of Sugar Maple at Dawes Arboretum. The full crown, retaining lower branches, suggests this tree developed in uncrowded conditions” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyDf9WA/

2021.09.03.01 Corn and Soybeans “With hundreds of other vehicles on I-70, we’ll be in the Indianapolis evening news as a major backup; but there’ll be no shortage of CO2 for the corn.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRyDcmNo/

2021.09.05.01 Wayside Helianthus tuberosus “Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus) is a good fit for this common, tall daisy…. Large lanceolate leaves with winged petioles all up the stems” The specific name “tuberosus” is nicely applicable, in that the edible “roots” are truly tubers, which means they are swollen underground stems (rhizomes). Note: they hold up well as cutflowers.  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRfjjuvc/

2021.09.05.02 Roadside wildflowers on the Farm “Bordering cornfields, a stand of Verbesina (prob. V. alternifolia) presides over Lobelias, Commelinas, Solidagos, and weedy Ipomoeas”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRfjSWAo/

2021.09.05.03 Verbesina alternifolia visitors “Wasps marauding flowering heads of Wingstem Verbesina along a roadside in Miller Country, MO.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRfjR4V4/

2021.09.05.04 Lindera benzoin “Frail-seeming compared to its Lauraceous relatives, the dioecious Lindera benzoin flowers before leafing out. This shrub made female flowers” Steyermark describes a second, rarer species from SE Missouri – Lindera melissaefolium – that differs in having thicker fruit peduncles, and leaves that are green abaxially.  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRf2oXge/

2021.09.05.04 Bidens polylepis (or, perhaps B. aristosa) and other composites “Late summer belongs to the Composites – showcasing their great diversity in herbaceous plant form”  Steyermark tells us that B. polylepis is the more common of the Tickseeds in Missouri, having twice the number of outer phyllaries (involucral bracts), with twice the length as compared to outer bracts of B. aristosa (in which the inner bracts are shorter than the outer). https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRfjLCUw/

2021.09.05.05 Phytolacca americana “Fruiting plant of Pokeweed (Phytolacca americana). The deep purple color in stems and fruit suggests its Caryophllaceous relationship to beets & cacti.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRfjAhVY/

2021.09.06.01 Dogwood and Buckthorn “Dogwood is one of many plants that produce red-fruit, perfect for bird dispersal.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRfqrf2Q/

2021.09.06.02 Helianthus as cut flowers “Should you have a sunny edge for a rampant perennial that produces wonderful cut flowers (and edible tubers) consider Helianthus tuberosus.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRfqrfGu/

2021.09.06.03 Campanulas bring blue to autumn “Late-summer-flowering Campanulaceae, with their innate capacity to produce sky blue and near-purple flowers.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRfq65Mt/

2021.09.06.04 A daisy tailgate party “DYC (= damned yellow composites.) So similar from a distance, the differences are best noted through direct comparison”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRfqRH3A/

2021.09.06.05 Phlox – poster-child for salverform corollas “Phlox corollas are the epitome of “salverform” – a term that describes narrowly tubular corollas that flare out at 90 degrees into a flat face.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRfquCXo/

2021.09.06.06 Helianthus and Helenium – exposed! “Comparing two Composites in related but separate Tribes…. Helianthus (sunflowers) and Helenium (sneeze weeds)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRfqS8DT/

2021.09.06.07 Impatiens with a funnelform nectary “In the shadows and muddy soils we find a stand of Impatiens capensis that shows no wilting. Plants receiving afternoon sun are invariably droopy.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRfqfScG/

2021.09.06.08 Cucumbers with a Spine (or many) “A fragile-seeming but rampant herbaceous Cucurbit, Sicyos angulatus, yields clusters of spiny fruit, thus its common name Bur Cucumber”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRfquSbH/

2021.09.06.09 The exotic taste of illicit Thistles “Most likely the introduced Spear Thistle (Cirsium vulgare), and considered a noxious weed in several states, the native insects love it still”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRfqYMJX/

2021.09.06.10 Allium stellata, A bit of Prairie with the taste of Onions “What I think of as “Prairie Plants” show up in specialized habitats throughout the Ozarks, even deep in to Alabama and other southeastern sites”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRfqUfNG/

2021.09.07.01 Gomphocarpus physocarpus at Missouri Botanical Garden.  “The crazy name of this African Asclepiad (Gomphocarpus physocarpus) has meaning, especially the species, translating as ‘bladder fruit’” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTbkwa/

2021.09.07.02 Variegated Asclepias at Missouri Botanical Garden.  “An Asclepias with variegated foliage is making quite the show at Missouri Botanical Garden”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQT9YxU/

2021.09.07.03 Victoria pond at MOBOT.  “Victoria waterlilies on display in the plaza leading to the Missouri Botanical Garden’s Climatron. They only flourish in warm water”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTbd5W/

2021.09.07.04 Papaya allee “A phalanx of robust Papayas highlight beds along the Climatron plaza at Missouri Botanical Garden” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTXPb5/

2021.09.07.05 Waterlilies at MOBOT “George Pring (a Missouri BG horticulturist) is one of many people who spent years studying, crossing, and selecting water lilies for people to grow.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQT7huD/

2021.09.07.06 Ricinus at MOBOT  “Castor Bean, Ricinus, makes its mark in the Missouri BG landscape. It’s a plant you can truly say that if it can’t cure you it can kill you”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTWGWY/

2021.09.07.07 Waterlilies “Last words on water lilies at Missouri BG. Also check out Longwood (PA) and McKee Bot Garden (Vero Beach, FL)”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTGBVo/

2021.09.07.08 Hibiscus from Madagascar at MOBOT  “Hibiscus grandidieri (Madagascar) takes H schizopetalus a step further, with elegant styles showing, exerted from buds”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTpEqs/

2021.09.07.09 Liatris at MOBOT  Each flowering head of Liatris looks like a miniature thistle, though the genus is classified in the Eupatorium tribe, not with thistles (Cynareae)

2021,09.07.10 Daisy “Prairie plays at MOBot. The fruit I speculated might be a Prairie yucca seems to be Agave americana….”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTbvpQ/

2021.09.07.11 Liatris at MOBOT  “A Liatris scariosa that is “out-of-the-box”. Can this really be a Liatris with these stalked heads? So different. Wow!”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTttbh/

2021.09.07.12 Bright palette “Going all out with a palette of extreme leaf color at MOBot. #coleus  #pepper  #beddingout https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTgb12/

2021.09.07.13 Scaevola basket at MOBOT “The curious floral structure of Scaevola, as though cut in half, or like a hand, led to the generic name, which means “left-handed”” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQT93DX/

2021.09.07.14 Begonia basket “A well-hung Begonia at MOBot. These plants a paragons of monoecy – the production of separate male and female flowers on the same plant.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTaCjM/

2021.09.07.15 Okra at MOBOT  “Everything about Okra rubs the grain – coarse teannoying spininess, slimy fruit. But I like it, and also like this planting in clusters” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTG4qq/

2021.09.07.16 Hibiscus at MOBOT “Another Hibiscus! They are too neat to ignore. Look at the spiny trichomes covering the capsule, which looks to be something you shouldn’t touch.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTuJe7/

2021.09.07.17 Lablab at MOBOT “The monospecific genus Lablab is an Arabic word for this African relative of common beans (Phaseolus). The seed must be leached to be edible.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTCwNL/

2021.09.07.18 Hosta at MOBOT “Hosta flowering in the MOBot Japanese Garden, visited by unwelcome ladrones… #robbing #hosta”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTCMDE/

2021.09.07.19 Fraxinus profunda & Colchicum at MOBOT “With 6 stamens, you have to think it’s Colchicum autumnale, though commonly called a crocus. But Crocus is different, w/ 3 stamens.(Iris family)

2021.09.07.20 Tilia japonica at MOBOT  “Tilia japonica, at the MOBot Japanese Garden, is a finer-textured version of American Tilia (Basswood)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQT929f/

2021.09.07.21 Champion White Basswood at MOBOT “White Basswood at MOBot… To learn more about American Champion Trees, search for the National Register at americanforests.org”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTqRmB/

2021.09.07.22 Onoclea at Shaw Reserve “Ferns make visible spores, in sori on the surfaces of fronds (leaves). But ferns do not make flowers, cones, or seed. (Onoclea sensibilis)”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTWQ8N/

2021.09.07.23 Silphium at Shaw Reserve Silphium terebinthinaceum, called Prairie Dock, establishes a large taproot that helps the plant re-sprout follow fire or damage”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTPRoh/

2021.09.07.24 Oaks at Shaw Reserve “A selection of Oaks at Shaw Nature Reserve (part of MO Bot Garden). Without labels, it boils down to acorns, leaves, & bark.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTxCyB/

2021.09.09.01 Quercus alba in Lake Ozark “A White Oak with a spectacular acorn crop (i.e. “mast”). Note the knobby scales, which characterize this tree” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTmJ2C/

2021.09.10.01 Echinacea at Menards in Lake Ozark  “When a daisy is “Double,” it usually means the ray flowers in each head are more numerous and the disk flowers are reduced as compared to other forms”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTasVT/

2021.09.10.02 Pumpkins at Menards in Lake Ozark “It’s Pumpkin time! Each pumpkin (along with cucumber, melons, and squash) is a kind of fruit called a “pepo” – i.e. with “parietal” placentation” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTCaoe/

2021.09.11.01 Cypress Vines at Powell Gardens “Cypress Vines – a taxonomic knot involving hybrids and ploidy levels… is it Ipomoea coccineus, or I. quamoclit, or I. sloderi, or I. multifida?”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTmmc8/

2021.09.11.02 Thalia at Powell Gardens “Thalia geniculata, closely related to Prayer Plant (Maranta) and distantly related to Gingers is thought native both Old and New World tropics. Hmmm.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTfVX2/

2021.09.11.03 Succulent display at Powell Gardens  “Powell Gardens, compact but effective display of nice succulents, including four neat wall/garden panels”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQT53yd/

2021.09.11.04 Pepper ‘Mad Hatter’ at Powell Gardens “Capsicum annuum ‘Mad Hatter’ – note the extra petals, all of which have lovely markings.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTP2he/

2021.09.11.05 Vista from Silo “At Powell Gardens. go straight to the Silo for a view that helps with orientation…. It can windy (as you can hear.)”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTtu1R/

2021.09.11.06 Malibar spinach at Powell Gardens “A semi-succulent vine, Malabar Spinach (Basella alba) shows the deep purple color common to plants with betalain pigments – like beets & pokeweed”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTqdUD/

2021.09.11.07 Asparagus at Powell Gardens “Asparagus is fern-like, but it’s a flowering plant that produces orange berry-like fruit. We consume young stems before they develop tough tissues.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTChMy/

2021.09.11.08 Jujube at Powell Gardens “Zizyihus jujuba– what a great name! Read the Wikipedia treatment- there’s a lot more to discover about this plant than can be stated in 3 minutes”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTaqQu/

2021.09.11.09  Figs at Powell Gardens “For more non Figs, check out my blog; https://botanyincontext.com/2019/08/28/fig-leaf-to-the-rescue/“  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTx5Wa/

2021.09.11.10 Chinkapin Oak st Powell Gardens “A strikingly beautiful clustering of acorns on a Chinkapin Oak. #quercus #oak #acorn #arboriculture”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTGSpf/

2021.09.12 01 Helianthus in Rock Post or Post Rock “It’s Kansas rock post country – land of sunflowers. Early introductions of Helianthus annuus to Europe were the large form, so who selected it??”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTuVJp/

2021.09.12.02 Alfalfa https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR in Russell, KS “The word “alfalfa” comes to us (through Spain) from the Arabic word for “green fodder.” It’s “lucerne “ in Europe, and Medicago in science lingo

2021.09.13.01 Bindweed “Convolvulus (incl. Calistegia) and Ipomoea differ, with filiform stigmas and subtending bracts in Convolvulus and capitate stigmas in Ipomoea” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTQPum/

2021.09.13.02 Solanum at Kansas rest stop “Without constant mowing, this Kansas Thistle (Solanum angustifolium) would be more formidable. See how the flower resembles other Solanums”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTyQWS/

2021.09.13.03 Caltrop “Finally, in Kansas, I think I’ve encountered the nasty Caltrop (Tribulus), as compared to the Kallstroemia I saw in Florida (my post on 3 August).”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTm3uU/

2021.09.13.04 Van Gogh “I bet, in his wildest imaginations (which seemingly were extensive) van Gogh never pictured a giant replica of this Sunflower version in Goodland, KS”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTxkcL/

2021.09.13.05 Colorado Welcome Center “The Colorado welcome center on I-70, perhaps staffing has been one of many cutbacks caused by the on-going pandemic. Some centers are immersive, like I-10 in East Texas.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQT5qPw/

2021.09.13.06 Petunia in Strasberg, CO “Though in different plant families, Petunia flowers bear striking similarities to Morning Glories – 5 sepals, 5 tubular petals, & 5 unequal stamens”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTtswR/

2021.09.14.01 Geranium at Ute Lodge “Geranium richardsonii not richardsonianum) at Ute Lodge in Colorado, 7600 ft. 5 of every floral part”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQT5kHq/

2021.09.14.02 Oxeye Daisy at Ute Lodge “Some plants are simply camp followers, showing up around settlements wherever the environment will support them. Oxeye Daisy seems to be one”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTVjHH/

2021.09.14.03 Rosa woodsii near Ute Lodge “Keying out in the Colorado Flora (Weber & Wittman) as Rosa woodsii, this erect-stem rose makes a striking fall display in the White River area”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTpngG/

2021.09.14.04 Castelleja near Ute Lodge “Losing track of syllables, I have my first siting of Castilleja linariifolia, as well as C. miniata, a genus now classified in the Orobanchaceae”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTsM81/

2021.09.14.05 Euphorbia (sensu lato) at Lake Avery “Some authors split Euphorbia into smaller genera of coherent ancestry, but at a field level, this gestalt and set of characters define a logical horticultural genus”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTX2TW/

2021.09.15.01 Western Aster along White River Fork “Western Daisy, which covers a couple of different, closely related taxa, variably placed in Aster, Symphotrixhon, & Virgulaster.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTtD91/

2021.09.15.02 Lupinus at Lake Avery “Lupinus, a genus of about 200 spp (the Bean Family) native to the Americas and the Mediterranean region. The leached seed are edible. #lupine”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQT9BKD/

2021.09.15.03 Populus tremuloides White River National Forest “The dioecious Quaking Aspen can establish extensive, long-lived uni-sex clonal colonies. One clone is called Pando (Latin for “I spread”)”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQTQ8Yh/

2021.09.15.04 Rosa woodsii flowers “Two decades after the Big Fish Fire denuded the area around Trapper Lake and 10% of Flat Tops Wilderness, a rose blooms”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRQT5vBL/

2021.09.16.01 Chamaebatiaria millefolium in Meeker, CO  “Chamaebatiaria millefolium shows flowers with several pistils imbedded in the hypanthium (floral cup) – differing from another rose family member, Chamibatia”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR4XsvBC/

2021.09.17.01 Lupinus at Rio Blanco “Lupine hold color longer than is typical for flowers, giving a bit more value for effort- if you have a climate where they grow beautifully”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR4XCVUk/

2021.09.18.01 Pinyon-Juniper Woodland at Colorado Monument, Grand Junction “The pinyon pine – juniper plant association occupies some of the West’s most striking landscapes. The famous/infamous Ephedra is part of that flora” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR4X9U4S/

2021.09.18.02 Yucca fruit “A striking flower stalk (infructescence) that shows the 3-carpellate nature of capsules in this Yucca (forsit), Colorado Monument, Grand Junction, CO”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR4XVfrs/

2021.09.18.03 Visitor Center native plants “Fun when someone goes to the effort to plant a selection of typical native plants that are labelled! Visitor Center, Colorado Monument NP” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR4Xphta/

2021.09.18.04 Herrickia glauca in Colorado Monument “One of these things is not like the other…. Uggh, the break-up of Aster is like a nasty divorce in a plural marriage. Is this Herrickia glauca?” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR4XxDRB/

2021.09.18.05 Asclepias subverticillata “Looks like Asclepias subverticillata, hoping to join botanical offerings at he Colorado Monument NP Visitor Center.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR4XU5AY/

2021.09.18.06 Pinyon-Pine Woodland “Pinyon-Juniper Woodland (which BLM is eradicating) covers millions of acres at higher elevations in Utah, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, and Colorado.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR4Xyrur/

2021.09.18.07 Rose in Grand Junction “Roses have their own, seemingly tumultuous way of generating pistils, several per flower, maturing in a fleshy hip”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR4X4kSf/

2021.09.18.08 Apple Sculpture in Grand Junction “In an apple x-section you see a star of 5 pistils (the pistils) with their pips, which are the seed. the star points define the true fruit (pistils)”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRn6mmGk/

2021.09.18.09 Tithonia in Grand Junction “Even though the involucre of Tithonia differs greatly from that of Helianthus, I find they are in the same Tribe of Asteraceae”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMR44NGP3/

2021.09.19.01 Oenothera in Fruitas “A honker of an Oenothera (O. macrocarpa?) in a parking lot planter (Fruitas. CO). Note the inferior ovary, 4-5” long, free style, and branched stigma”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnjQf61/

2021.09.19.02 Fallugia at the Utah Welcome Center, I-70 “Freaky Fallugia – a rose with fruit looking like Clematis – but it’s in the rose family for sure. Like some other members, there’s no “floral cup””  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnj9VHU/

2021.09.19.03 Pinyon Pine at the Utah Welcome Center, I-70 “A Pinyon Pine at the Utah Visitors Welcome Center, I-70. It seems some scales produce two ovules (seed), whereas smaller scales bear only one”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnjnHnC/

2021.09.19.04 Caryopteris at the Utah Welcome Center, I-70 “Assumed a hybrid of Caryopteris incana with C. mongholica, Blue Mist Spiraea is a mint, not a rose family Spiraea. It seems this is truly meant to be Blue Mist Spires, but the Spiraea seems to have stuck.  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnj9sUp/

2021.09.21.01 Yucca brevifolia at Red Rock “Joshua Tree (Yucca brevifolia) gains its iconic branching habit as a result of episodic flowering. This plant marks certain Mojave Desert altitudes”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnjQnVr/

2021.09.21.02 Red Rock National Conservation and Recreation Areas “Red Rock Canyon is a National Conservation Area (operated by BLM). The sire became BLM’s first recreation site when rejected as a National Park by NPS”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnjvRBe/

2021.09.21.03 Gutierrezia at Red Rock “Would love to talk with someone who can makes heads or tails out of the late summer-flowering composites at Red Rock, like this Gutierrezia”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnjxoBn/

2021.09.21.04 Purshia at Red Rock “Mature fruit of what seems to be Purshia, as different from Fallugia (similar desert plants on the rose family). See also the next post”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnjCYwM/

2021.09.21.05 Purshia and Fallugia at Red Rock “n the Mojave Desert to reconstruct your ideas as to when a rose is a rose is a rose…. It’s fun to encounter roses as microphyllous shrubs”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnj4YGr/

2021.09.21.06 Eriogonum deflexum at Red Rock “Eriogonum deflexum vies for my favorite plant in the group- with a charming rosette of leaves, flattened branching, and. pendent flowers”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnjn2yG/

2021.09.22.01 Tecoma stans in Bakersfield “Important in the Caribbean. The shrubby Tecoma stans can survive winters in the Southern tier of states, while thriving in the hottest of summers” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnjTLLV/

2021.09.23.01 Erythranthe cardinalis at Sta. Barbara BG “Once considered members of the Scroph family, the Monket-flowers are now Phrymaceae, still in the order with mints and scrophs.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnj3dNN/

2021.09.23.02 Quercus durata at Sta. Barbara BG “Look at the great cupped and holly-like leaves on this chaparral oak, Quercus durata. Endemic to CA, the shrubby tree should gain more attention.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnjgo2q/

2021.09.23.03 Sea Wrack at Jalama “Wracks of Macrocystis, a giant kelp that enlivens the cool Pacific Ocean waters just offshore along the California coast”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnjXEyq/

2021.09.25.01 Kigelia africana, at The Huntington “Sausage Tree (Kigelia africana) l, a Bignoniaceous tree flowering at Huntington Botanical Gardens. This bat-pollinated flower isn’t light-colored”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnjW7KU/

2021.09.24.02 Cotton at The Huntington “Part 1, checking out Cotton. The “lint” is made of long cells, each fiber of lint being a single cell produced by the seed coat.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnjH2hu/

2021.09.26.03 Cotton lint “On to part 2 about Cotton – the developing seed of which make trichomes we use as fiber that is perfect for spinning thread and yarn.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnjmfts/

2021.09.26.01 Senna didymobotryia at The Huntington “Senna didymobotrya. The specific name refers to paired groupings or bunches (of grapes), and may refer to the paired leaflets” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnjaAVU/

2021.09.26.01 Nepenthes in The Huntington Rose Hills Conservatory “Plant leaves prove highly adaptable evolutionarily in Nepenthes. As in the unrelated carnivore Venus flytrap, leaf tips develop as specialized traps.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnjaE5c/

2021.09.26.02 Ginkgo biloba at The Huntington “Ginkgo biloba produces seed from ovules that were borne plain naked on special seed-bearing “bract scale” that has been the subject of speculation.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnjxpDM/

2021.09.26.03 Hops at The Huntington “The commercial Hops “bine” (Humulus lupulus) is thought native to Egypt, though its prominence in European beer-making has a long history.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnjtrnj/

2021.09.26.04 The Huntington Rose pergola “The 112-year old Huntington Rose Garden showcases over 1200 cultivars in a range of caregories. It’s well worth the effort given to cultivation”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnj4Hb7/

2021.09.26.05 Heliotrope in The Huntington Herb Garden “Heliotrope, redolent of informal cottage gardens, brings incredible fragrance to hand – but the lovely aroma belies toxic qualities should it be eaten”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnjTYaM/

2021.09.26.06 Chorisia speciosa at The Huntington “Chorisia speciosa, South America’s Silk Floss Tree is now classified in the Malvaceae, which makes too much sense. It’s just a more exotic Hibiscus”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMRnjuURU/

2021.09.28.01 Calliandra californica, at The Huntington “The native Calliandra californica is a great teaching plant, showing all stages of development simultaneously- a nice plant.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8JrTyMM/

2021.09.28.02 Hylocereus, at The Huntington “A few Hylocereus flowers ahead of the mass showing predicted by a new cohort of buds. Cactus flowers have remarkable multi-branches stigmas”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8JhRxkc/ 

2021.09.28.03 Peltophorum, at The Huntington “Peltophorum is one of many great yellow-flowered Leguminous trees that brighten summer in the SoCal landscape.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8JrEjek/

2021.09.28.04 Koelreuteria, at The Huntington “Koelreuteria (Golden Rain Tree) is a quick-change artist – always going through some fresh phase of growth and dormancy, flowering and fruiting.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8JhNxyJ/

2021.09.28.05 Cascabella, at The Huntington “Cascabella (Apocynaceae) makes clusters of clear yellow, bell-shaped flowers, resembling the effect of the unrelated Tecoma stans (Bignoniaceae)”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8Jrv3yP/

2021.09.28.06 Cordia, at The Huntington “The large, tubular flowers of Cordia boissieri are humongous versions of their Boraginous relatives, the Heliotropes and Forget-me-Nots.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8JhYPHY/

2021.09.30.01 Chinese Garden, at The Huntington “Liu Fang Yuan, The Huntington’s Garden of Flowing Fragrance has been completed, with addition of the North (main) and West (Penjing) courtyards.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8Jrtgro/

2021.09.30.02  Angraecum, at The Huntington “Overseen by Huntington Orchid Curator Brandon Tam, this specimen of Angraecum longicalcar is pure natural beauty”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8Jr3GTE/

2021.09.30.03 Brownea, at The Huntington “Walking through a lowland tropical forest, you could encounter this small, quietly expressive understory tree – a Brownea, brandishing bouquets”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8JrGQLx/

2021.09.30.04 Granny Smith apples, at The Huntington “A tidy crop of Granny Smith apples proves that given great souls and drainage, gardeners can harvest a yield in Los Angeles County”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8JhdcAD/

2021.10.01.01 Cosmos, at The Huntington “Cosmos have been messed with by gardeners over countless generations, and we see wonderful aberrances that stand out as nice horticultural forms”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8JhJyQ3/

2021.10.01.02 Japanese Anemone, at The Huntington “Just stick to the common name Japanese Anemone. The taxonomy is tortured, and this species is now Eriocapitella hupahensis, split away from Anemone”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8Jhd858/

2021.10.01.03 Cosmos and Japanese Anemone, at The Huntington “There’s something inescapable about being a “flower.” Daisies, having evolved as heads of flowers, re-evolved what’s effectively single flowers”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8JhFHRH/

2021.10.01.04 Brownea, at The Huntington “Dressing down a flower cluster from the Brownea microphylla in The Huntington’s Rose Hills Conservatory”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8JrGRET/

2021.10.01.05 Ruellia, at The Huntington “Ruellia affinis defies stereotypes for the genus – vining, with brilliant red flowers. Look at those stamens!”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8Jrt8o4/

2021.10.01.06 Sensitive plant, at The Huntington “Mimosa is a name given to many legumes, but the genus applies to Sensitive Plants. Some folks call this Shy Plant, but we always said Shame Plant”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8JhdKKs/

2021.10.01.07 Ipomoea, at The Huntington “The ruby red lips of Ipomoea horsfalliae flowers normally are 5-merous, though this flower shows only 4 petal lobes”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8Jh8CK9/

2021.10.03.01 Plane figures, on Carnival Panorama “Katie Chiu (The Huntington) digitized a useful chart to figures from TAXON:   https://arc.gardentour.net/SCPF.pdf”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8JrsRBJ/

2021.10.03.02 Pumpkin carving, on Carnival Panorama “Panorama Cruise Director Lee Mason extracts seed along with funiculi and placental strands from a pumpkin pepo with is parietal placentation”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8Jh8yf1/

2021.10.03.03 Pumpkin carving, on Carnival Panorama “ Looks like the Panorama staff are in a timed-carving, competing against a pro…, who’s well-equipped. They get to go at it every week ‘til Halloween”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8JrGqxN/

2021.10.03.04 Pumpkin carving, on Carnival Panorama “From ‘Seed Sick’ through the remaining line-up, we enter the season of Jack-O’Lanterns”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8JhJRKd/

2021.10.05.01  Terminalia, Puerto Vallarta. “Terminalia is common along tropical streets. On inspection, I see that female flowers are borne basally on the same racemes as the male flowers.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8Jrsp8J/

2021.10.05.02 Peyote mural, Puerto Vallarta “Some Huichol make annual pilgrimages to San Luis Potosí (the land of peyote) for land, life, and season “Mitote” rituals – the message in the image”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8Jhe9uG/

2021.10.05.03 Frida Kahlo, Puerto Vallarta “Word of the Day: Pseudanthium – term used when what appears to be a “flower” is mostly related bracts – as in arums, such as Calla (Sp. “Alcatraz”)”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8JrGDk3/

2021.10.06.01 Tortillas, in Mazatlan central market “Grain foodstuffs for sale in the Mazatlan central market. This stand sells cheeses, but offers a wide selection of tortillas”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8JrgKFy/

2021.10.06.02 Fruit, in Mazatlan central market “Wandering the central market in Mazatlan – just taking in the displays of fruit and vegetables”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8Jh8E2V/

2021.10.06.03 Frida bag, in Mazatlan central market  “Frida Kahlo presides from textiles over markets throughout Mexico, often with her signature callas, curiously emblematic of death and resurrection” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8JrGFWa/

2021.10.06.04 Avocados, in Mazatlan central market “I can spend hours in the Mazatlan central market, but will spare you a tour through the meat stalls. I’m more of an avocado sort”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8Jhdsre/

2021.10.06.05 Pepos, in Mazatlan central market ‘Another affirmation that a cucurbit fruit is called a pepo – a special, hollow berry with parietal placentation.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8JrK8Rb/

2021.10.06.06 Carrots, Cabbages, and Chayotes, in Mazatlan central market “Carrots and cabbages come in suggestive shapes and sizes, while the chayotes just grin. #mazatlan #mercadona”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8Jh8SRB/

2021.10.06.07 Vanilla, in Mazatlan central market “Tonka Beans (Dipteryx) are truly in the Bean Family, while Vanilla “beans” are long, fleshy orchid capsules that only resemble beans in shape.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8JhF837/

2021.10.06.08 Benjamin Bernal, in Mazatlan central market “The Bernal family has cornered a part of the fresh produce section of the Mazatlan central market – and they are a cheerful clan.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8Jrgbbe/

2021.10.06.09 Spices, Chiltepin, in Mazatlan central market “Chiltepin is a tiny, hard wild-type Capsicum, though it is so small, I thought it might be Schinus (Brasilian pepper), a quite different fruit. Not so”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8JhdKXB/

2021,10.06.10 Spices, a friend to all, in Mazatlan central market “Spices, chicken feed, and birdseed – plant products traded as dry, sorted comestibles. Anciently, these merchants would be called “garblers””  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8JrKuAn/

2021.10.06.11 Elayo “Elayo (sic?) takes over my phone in a nice exchange.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8Jr7mS7/

2021.10.06.12 Piña, in Mazatlan central market  “Check my Pineapple blog: The Pinnacle of Hospitality- https://botanyincontext.com/2019/07/15/the-pinnacle-of-hospitality/“ https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8Jh174q/

2021.10.06.13 Jicama, in Mazatlan central market “Jicama (Pachyrhizus), native to Central America, was cultivated through tropical America for millennia. Though a legume, it is not rich in protein”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8Jhd5rc/

2021.10.06.13 Nance, in Mazatlan, at central market “I used to see nance (Byrsonima) for sale at Panamanian roadside stands, packed in recycled liquor bottles, fermented and used to make chichas”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8Jr3eTa/

2021.10.10.01  Vanilla, Huntington. “Vanilla species all produce fleshy, green, bean-shaped fruit that stand out as very different from the dry capsules of most other orchids”. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8M1KJ7J/

2021.10.10.02 Zamia. “Zamia obliqua, a plant transferred to the Huntington 30 years ago by Orchidist Bob Dressler, part of a rescue population from Fortuna. Panama.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8M1ENqh/

2121.10.10.03 Acacia segregates  “Vachellia (Acacia) cornigera is an American Bull-Horn Acacia, related to Africa’s V. nilotica, the economically important Gum Arabic” .  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8M1WkGB/

2021.10.10.04 Cactus, Huntington “Though I say Strophocactus wittii flowers are not so grand (as many other night-flowering cacti, such as Hylocereus) Margaret Mee’s “Moonflower” painting shows s spectacular specimen.”. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8M1nH8M/

2021.10.10.05 Anthurium. :Planttokkers would enjoy seeing the spectacular Conservatory and behind-the-scenes Aroid collections cultivated at Huntington’s Botanical Gardens.:  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8M1CkoP/

2021.10.10.06 Welwitschia.”Welwitschia mirabilis is a highly protected plant native to a small area of Southern Africa’s Namibian desert.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8M1tHLC/

2021.10.10.07 Aloe. “I’ll see if Karen Zimmerman can give us a more intelligible take on her wonderful Aloe hybrids with their exotic enations (epidermal expressions)”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8M1nNhY/

2021.10.10.08 Echeveria & Dudleya. “Echevaria and Dudleya are prominent among the many Crassulaceous plants (and other succulents) that make neat epidermal wax coatings”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8M1vAd6/

2021.10.10.09 Oxalis. “In American botanical gardens, only at The Huntington would you find such an extensive public collection of rare summer-dormant Oxalis.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8M1t2LT/

2021.10.10.10 Tecomaria. “Comparing the similar, yet clearly distinct Tacoma (Tropical America) to Tecomaria capensis (South African), both Bignoniaceous.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8M1njR1/

2021.10.11.01 Solanum, SBBG “One of the three ‘Blue Witches, Solanum umbelliferum can be grown as a container plant, showcasing its curious twiggy architecture.”. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8M1gWmD/

2021.10.11.02 Malva. “The specific epithet of Malva assurgentiflora (Lavatera assurgentiflora) suggests the flowers turn upward. #sbbg”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8MJYsSY/

2021.10.11.03 Solidago. “A brilliant butter-yellow describes the wand-like inflorescences of Solidago californica, it’s stems lined with abaxially softly “scurfy” leaves”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8MJBV2r/

2021.10.11.04 Achillea. “Achillea is just about everything you’d want a plant to be – charming, showy, easy to grow, scientifically useful, and mythically-medicinal.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8MJje7S/

2021.10.11.05 Crossosoma. “Deeper secrets- we learn Crossosoma seed have an aril (a fleshy attachment) that is fringed (krossos) – thus the generic name”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8MJdChD/

2021.10.13.01 Begonia, Sherman Lib & Gardens. “Coastal California has a spectacular growing climate for tropical montane plants – moderate the year around. Begonias and Fuchsias flourish here.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8MJfCrN/

2021.10.13.02 Begonia, Sherman Lib & Gardens. “Tuberous Begonias thrive along the west coast, from California up through Victoria,. This one actually has a nice fragrance – like peachy grapefruit”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8MJYJhp/

2021.10.13.03 Ficus, Sherman Lib & Gardens. “Ficus dammaropsis at Sherman Library and Gardenswhich makes a large synconium, a term applied to the special swollen stem inside which are flowers”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8MJ54AX/

2021.10.13.04 Peperomia, Sherman Lib & Gardens. ”Many of the nearly 1500 naturally-occurring Peperomia species are cultivated for their handsome, nearly-fake-looking foliage.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8MJduM5/

2021.10.13.05 Heliconia, Sherman Lib & Gardens “Hardly any plant screams tropics and exotics like Heliconia. One easily imagines their relationship to Bananas, Costus, Strelitzia, and other Gingers” . https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8MJLbcH/

2021.10.13.06 Water Hyacinth, Sherman Lib & Gardens. “There’s more, a whole lot more to these Amazonian water plants than is evident when they are held captive in this tub.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8MJYhQX/

2021.10.13.07 Marigold, Rogers Gardens. “On the California Coast, there hardly seems to be any end to availability of a wide range of normally more seasonal “color” – buyer beware” Inland, California bedding plants broadly fall into two seasons – cool and hot. This isn’t as clearcut in coastal plantings, which neither hit the high summer temps nor the nightly freezing temps common to inland areas (Pasadena, Pomona, Redlands, etc.) However, some plants, like marigolds and zinnias, are basically summer annuals. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8MJB1Ba/

2021.10.13.08 Petunia/Callibrachoa “A lot of the smaller “petunias” you might be noticing in planters could well be these nice Callibrachoa selections, or even hybrid Petchoas”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8MJLrfj/

2021.10.15.01 Cereus. “Cactus flowers epitomize the concept of brief, delicate flowering in the most rugged of circumstances – hence the play and Goldie Hawn movie”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8MJP1UJ/

2021.10.15.02 Magnolia. “A tree will (in xylem) document it’s past. When arborists study the internal structure of fallen trees, they call the process an “autopsy””  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8MJy2Mw/

2021.10.15.03 Phalaenopsis, Ralphs, 10/13 taken. “WTF – like olympians pushing the limits with steroids, these orchids are made to do the improbable and unnatural. Given time, they will recover.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8MJSGpT/

2021.10.16.01 Callicarpa “A tropical Asia Beautyberry, Callicarpa dolicophylla ( C. longissima), one of many plants in the Chinese herbal pharmacopoeia”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8MJD22r/

2021.10.16.02 Nesocodon. “To learn more about this remarkable gecko-pollinated flower (Nesocodon mauritianus), read my post: https://botanyincontext.com/2019/07/12/an-island-belle/“  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8MJhcjk/

2021.10.16.03 Pinguicula. “Just the briefest introduction to the peculiarly lovely Penguculas – families with the equally odd Utricularias. We’ll examine some of these plants.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8MJ6nLR/

2021.10.17.01 Whitelock cycad walk and terraces “ntroducing the Cycad terraces at the Huntington Art Gallery, a recent landscape complementing the original Cycad rockery, honoring Loran Whitelock.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8Mm6NPt/

2021.10.17.02 Top rockery in the Whitelock terraces “We were incredibly fortunate that a nice offering of Palo Verde stone became available just as we were beginning construction of the top terrace” . https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8MmULEy/

2021.10.17.03 Solanum pyracanthas. “Cruising through Solanums, we encounter S. pyracanthos, a Madagascan plant with the humorous common name “Porcupine Tomato””  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8MmNo5T/

2021.10.17.04  Asclepias subulataAsclepias subulata looking very handsome with the coarsely-bold cycads – along the Whitelock Cycad terraces”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8Mm53ba/

2021.10.17.05 Dioons. “Female Dioons with their enormous, characteristic seed-bearing cones, all of which were relocated from the Whitelock estate as part of Loran’s and Eva’s bequest.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8Mmb5cT/

2021.10.17.06 Desert Garden reconstruction. “Rebuilding of the Huntington main entry created the “Brody California Garden” and generated plans and support for a new Desert Garden entry”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8Mm3Sfd/

2021.10.17.07 Palm Garden & Jubaea chilensis “Cracked and mute, but full recovered, a Chilean Wine Palm (Jubaea chilensis) bears testimony to the determination of Huntington gardeners.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8MmEXra/

2021.10.17.08 Chrysanthemums in the Chinese Garden. “Golden yellow chrysanthemums welcome visitors along a terraced passage to the Penjing Court at the far western boundaries of Liu Fang Yuan”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8MmCY8R/

2021.10.18.01 Tom Carruth discusses parentage of Rosa ‘Peace and Harmony’. “Tom Carruth, rose hybridizer and Huntington Curator explains the origin of the new introduction’Peace and Harmony, named by Toshie Mosher”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8hbvoC5

2021.10.18.02 Whitelock Cycad terraces & walk, Forrest Hopkins and Gary Roberson. “Creating The Huntington’s Whitelock Cycad walk and terraces involved efforts of many, but Gary Roberson and Forrest Hopkins spearheaded the project”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8hbG974/

2021.10.18.03 Desert Garden planting Aloe dichotoma. “A huge, handsome Aloe dichotoma, given to The Huntington Desert Garden renovation project by volunteer Sandy Chase, has landed.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8hgJEhv/

2021.10.18.04 Tigridiopalma magnifica in the growing houses “It’s hard to describe the exotic beauty of this herbaceous Melastomataceous herb Tigridiopalma magnifica. Native to China” . https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8hb3SQ3/

2021.10.19.01 Fouquieria columnaris. “Nicknamed Boojum, Baja California’s Fouquieria columnaris exemplifies a suite of adaptations common to desert trees”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8hb3Lbg/

2021.10.19.02 Caesalpinia cacalaco.  “There are numerous takes on thorns, spines, and prickles. I use anatomical terms: thorns are stem, spines are leaf, and prickles are bark”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8hbk1oB/

2021.10.19.03 Simmondsia chinensis. “Underutilized in SoCal landscaping, Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis) is a great, dioecious evergreen shrub that carries on with little fanfare.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8hb5A5o/

2021.10.19.04 Opuntia linguiformis “Check out my blog on Opuntia: First Light – https://botanyincontext.com/2019/08/31/first-light/.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8hbMfgL/

2021.10.19.05  Nuccios, and Camellia azalea. “Many wonderful and very different Camellia species have been discovered (and rediscovered, and introduced!) over the past 4 decades in SE Asia”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8hb968Q/

2021.10.19.06  Nuccios and Vireya rhodies. “Vireya Rhododendrons flourish in Coastal temperate to subtropical gardens, which emulate their native cool, moist, moderate climates”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8hbx9b6/

2021.10.19.07 Tom Carruth and Rosa ‘Perfume Factory’. “Tom Carruth presents his select hybrid, Rosa ‘Perfume Factory’ – introduced by Weeks Roses this year.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM8hqkXHH/

2021.10.20.01 Crotalaria, San Marcos Growers “For good reason, Crotalaria agatiflora (native to Tropical East Africa) is often called Canary Bird Bush. Notice the modest wings and inflated keel.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYmy3F4/

2021.10.20.02 Mascagnia macroptera “RIP Mascagnia macroptera… Hail Callaeum! The delightful Yellow Butterfly Vine can now be called Callaeum septentrionale. Or not…”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYm27vY/

2021.10.20.03 Bauhinia galpinii “Except for the pistil and mature fruit, you’d be hard pressed to easily categorize Bauhinia galpinii as a member of the Bean family”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYmPdyC/

2021.10.20.04 Randy Baldwin “Meet Randy Baldwin, one of California’s premier plant specialists, and manager of San Marcos Growers, one of the country’s great specialty nurseries”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYmfSeU/

2021.10.20.05 Spathodea campanulata “African Tulip Tree (Spathodea campanulata) petals form a cup that can hold rainwater. Though tender in Pasadena, it’s invasive in some tropical areas”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYmaUWc/

2021.10.21.01 Moraea polystachya “An.insect visiting Moraea polystachya, an Iris relative that escapes throughout the HNT Desert Garden”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYmUARV/

2021.10.21.02 Moraea polystachya “Further investigation of Moraea flowers, exemplifying the nature of Iris floral structure” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYmDVrR/

2021.10.21.03 EchinopsisEchinopsis flowers opening in Huntington’s Desert Garden. Check back for a segment showing them fully open.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYmDP3m/

2021.10.21.04 Cedrus deodara “You can count on fall showers of Deodar Cedar pollen. Wind-pollinated plants produce copious microspores that mature into these pollen grains.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYm6jnd/

2021.10.21.05 Cedrus deodara “Deodar coning, take 2…. Clouds of polllen drift and settle through the canopy. Only a fraction will consummate union with egg cells” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYmS3YP/

2021.10.21.06 Amorphophallus konjac “Konjac (Voodoo Lily) underground (tuberous corms are consumed for their KGM content. Like taro, they must be purged of calcium oxalate crystals”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYm2G7D/

2021.10.22.01 Echinopsis “Due, perhaps, to a cool night, the Echinopsis robinsoniana flowers did not unfurl widely, but they are a cheerful choir here.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYmrUQx/

2021.10.26.01 KoelreuteriaKoelreuteria fruit help us appreciate how plant ovaries are constructed of one or more specialized leaves (called carpels).  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYmMSEo/

2021.10.26.02 Persimmon “The most cultivated of several hundred Persimmon species, Diospyros kaki grow delightfully ornamental as the trees shed their leaves.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYm5ptS/

2021.10.26.03 OsmanthusOsmanthus fragrans and O. aurantiacus make a modest visual statement in gardens, but they bring plumes of delightful fragrance.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYmMagc/

2021.10.27.01 Eucalyptus “Replacement saplings for handsome but aging Eucalyptus (Corymbia) citriodora in the Huntington Mausoleum surround”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYm2GxW/

2021.10.29.01 Lycopodium “The genus Hyperzia (commemorating fern botanist Johann Meter Huperz) was established in 1801 for Lycopods with defined strobili”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYmCp4T/

2021.10.29.02 Lycianthes “With trichomes resembling those of Gynura (Purple Passion Plant, a daisy), the Lycianthes medusocalyx flower makes it clear this is Solanaceous”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYmSbgJ/

2021.10.29.03 SpathicarpaSpathicarpa helps blur the morphological lines that otherwise so clearly delineate Aroids from other related plant groups”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYmyeAU/

2021.10.29.04 Justicia ““Shrimp Plant” is an exemplar of Acanthaceous characters. Today it’s classified as a Justicia, but older gardeners will remember the genus Beloperone”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYmhxFy/

2021.10.29.05 EucalyptusEucalyptus citriodora generates a contiguous “cork cambium” that blankets the entire stem, producing and shedding bark that leaves a clean bole”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYmrqYQ/

2021.10.29.06 SchombolaeliaSchombolaelia is a generic hybrid, Summit is the grex of S. lyonsii and Laelia anceps. The cultivar is ‘Tomiko’, created by Sunset Valley Orchids”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYmudut/

2021.10.29.07 Passiflora ‘Witchcraft’ “Passiflora ‘Witchcraft’ adds some purple to the passion that has become associated with this elaborate flower.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYmyV1p/

2021.10.29.08 Lonicera “Being stationary, plants have two stages of possible movement – pollination (moving genetic material) and dispersal of propagules (seed, spores, etc)”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYma4K3/

2021.10.31.01 Cosmos atrosanguineus “Check out the great doubly-coiled stigmatic lobes of Chocolate Cosmos, C. atrosanguineus. And take in the fragrance. Amazing” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYm6BU7/

2021.10.31.02 Tom Nuccio “Tom Nuccio tells us about the beginnings of this most amazing Camellia and Azalea nursery, in Altadena, CA.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYmmM5N/

2021.10.31.03 Tom Nuccio “Nuccio’s Nursery. PART 2 with Tom Nuccio, on some of their most well-known introductions”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYm4DeY/

2021.10.31.04 Bauhinia corymbosa “One of the most vining Bauhinias, B. corymbosa (nee Phanera), rambles over a pergola. This Bauhinias are pan tropical, this one native to SE Asia”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdYmCwgU/

2021.11.02.01  Ruttya fruticosa at The Huntington.  “Many curious plants make their way into the Huntington Gardens via the nursery. Here we find an Acanth, Ruttya fruticosa, from North Africa” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BcqaY/

2021.11.02.02 Senecio articulatus in The Huntington Nursery “John Trager shows us this Senecio articulatus, a daisy family member, and one of many Senecios valued for both landscape use and pot culture.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BEHo2/

2021.11.04.01 Convolvulus. “Convolvulus and Ipomoea can be so very similar, but are usually distinguished by stigma structure – filliform in Convolvulus and capitate in Ipomoea”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BXf8u/

2021.11.07.01  Botany of Vegetables, Roots, Stems, & Leaves. “Getting ready to teach my class on Botany for Gardeners”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2B7VLK/

2021.11.08.01  Botany of Vegetables, Stems & Shoots Pt. 1.  “More Botany for Gardeners – this being Part 1 on Stems and Shoots”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2B7yFK/

2021.11.08.02 Botany of Vegetables, Stems & Shoots Pt. 2  “Stems and Shoots, Part 2, as promised”. https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BtvF1/

2021.11.09.01  Screw Pine, at the Malecón in Pto Vallarta “Pandanus, a genus of several hundred “Screw Pine” species (mostly Malaysian, Madagascan, & Polynesian) will be seen in lowland tropical landscapes” . https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BgKKA/

2021.11.09.02  Monocots. “Leaves of monocots (palms, orchids, agaves, grains, & lilies) form completely surrounding the stem growing tip, making bulbs possible.“  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BECn6/

2021.11.10.01  Chayote. “Cultivated around the world today. Chayote is a curiously single-seeded Cucurbit native to Mexico and Central America.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2Bpwjn/

2021.11.10.02 Corn. “A Corn ear (mazorca) is an infructescence of around 500 kernels, each of which is a 1-seeded fruit.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BsyTB/

2021.11.10.03 Cucumber. “Cucumbers are important worldwide. For more info, check out my blog: https://botanyincontext.com/2020/06/07/inferiority-is-complex/“   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2Bbvuf/

2021.11.10.04 Onions.”Onions are structural miracles! Each scale leaf continues to gain girth as succeeding leaves form inside – like Vegetable Russian Dolls.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BpGu9/

2021.11.10.05  Pineapple. “For reliably-delicious fresh pineapple, you have to visit the tropics. https://botanyincontext.com/2019/07/15/the-pinnacle-of-hospitality/“   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2B7SLL/

2021.11.10.06  Plantains. “Remember that all of these different banana cultivars are sterile. Fertile bananas have numerous large seed that would be unwelcome to most consumers.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BtDMP/

2021.11.10.07 Poinsettia design. “Poinsettias make great stylized icons – with colorful bracts (leaves) surrounding the curious cyathia – interpreted in textiles as yellow dots”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2Bvkkm/

2021.11.10.08  Calabaza de arbor. “Squashes, Gourds, and Pumpkins are all termed “Calabazas” in Spanish. Any idea why they call this very-zuccini-looking squash Calabaza de Arbol (which I thought is Crescentia)?”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BcHud/

2021.11.10.09  Fabric. “In textiles, ‘florals’ means more than leaves and flowers, but Mazatlán’s San Francisco Quilt shop has lots of plant motifs”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2B4kjT/

2021.11.10.10  Fabric. Yet more nifty plant-themed printed fabrics at the quilt shop in Mazatlán…”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BX2HC/

2021.11.10.11  Linda. “Meet Linda Hannawalt, the owner and driving force behind Mazatlán’s San Francisco Quilt store, where floral motif fabrics abound.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BXEat/

2021.11.12.01  Tale of the Bean. “Tale of the Bean encourages young people (3rd & 4th graders) to investigate plant life through the simple act of planting a seed. Comment for a copy”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BgvAh/

2021.11.13.01  Brachychiton. “Back in California at The Huntington, admiring a “full-blown” specimen of Australia’s Bottle Tree, Brachychiton rupestris”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BQ7qA/

2021.11.13.02  Tagetes. “Tagetes lemmonii reminds us of John Lemmon (note it’s not lemon). His spouse Sara is recognized by Tucson’s Mt. Lemmon. The couple were SW botanists”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2Bxtck/

2021.11.13.03  Tabebuia. “The Bignoniaceous Tabebuia (Handroanthus) chrysotricha makes a spectacle in the SoCal landscape, with flushes of flowering”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2B75em/

2021.11.13.04  Camellia. “Fall is blooming season for the Sasanquas (Camellia sasanqua) in SoCal. They bring fine texture and elegance to the landscape”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BWN9c/

2021.11.13.05  Cacao. “Chocolate is ground from semi-fermented and roasted seed of Central America’s Theobroma cacao – a shrubby understory lowland tropical tree”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BWJU8/

2021.11.15.01  DistictisDistictis ‘Rivers’ is said to be a selection from the hybrid cross of Distictis buccinatoria and D. laxiflora. (now classified as Amphilophium.)”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BvPX8/

2021.11.15.02  Solanum “Easy to pick out a Solanum from the flower form. This shrub, Solanum hindsianum (from NW Mexico), produces particularly large flowers” . https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BWumk/

2021.11.15.03  Thevitia. “Along with Nerium, Plumeria, Adenium, Allamanda, & Mandevilla, Thevitia (Cascabela) is one of many Apocynaceous plants with showy, tubular corollas”  This is a group of mostly very toxic plants. https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BvcGE/

2021.11.17.01  Magnolia. “Rare in cultivation, this variety of Magnolia pacifica holds promise for SoCal gardens, having thrived under modest humidity and irrigation regimens”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BK6qs/

2021.11.19.01  Sassafras. “Though I think of Lauraceae as evergreen, Sassafras and Lindera remind me there are temperate, deciduous representatives.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2Bsv9R/

2021.11.19.02  Cotton near Colquitt, GA. “The beautiful white “lint” of cotton bolls is the ensnarled trichomes (plant hairs) protruding from the many seed coats in each capsule.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BvuHD/

2021.11.19.03  Colquitt Silo “Take a pastoral trip down US 27 in SW Georgia and the Florida Panhandle – beautiful views of regional agriculture- plus the cool-ass silos in Colquitt”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BwteL/

2021.11.19.04  Colquitt Silo. “Colquitt, GA addendum: the cotton side of the silos…. Cotton, Peanuts, Soybeans, and Corn are important, but so are forestry and specialty crops”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BTmMQ/

2021.11.20.01 Ilex vomitoria. “Ilex vomitoria (Yaupon) is one of two native hollies that produce caffeine. Used historically for brewed teas, it doesn’t readily induce vomiting…”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd2BcUo8/

2021.11.21.01 Monarchs on Solidago sempervirens var. mexicana. “Help me confirm or deny this ID: Solidago sempervirens var. mexicana – Seaside Goldenrod. Marauded by Monarchs”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjFAX6K/

2021.11.22.01 Selaginella at WalMart. “Despite being elevated to honorary status as a flowering plant in holiday sales displays, Seliginella is neither seed nor flower producing.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjFLpcM/

2021.11.26.01 Celery. “Get your Celery morphology and terminology under control. Each plant is a “stalk” – leaf bases (“ribs”) attached to a short stem that you discard”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjFhaup/

2021.11.26.02 Baccharis. “Baccharis halimifolia, a dioecious shrub in the Asteraceae, showing fruiting of the female plants.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjFY122/

2021.11.26.03 Conradina canescens. Endemic to the FL Panhandle, this frail-seeming mint (Conradina canescens) is ever-present in St George Island pine woodlands”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjFjH6C/

2021.11.26.03 Marshes and Slash Pine. “ https://Slash Pine, bordering salt marsh on the bay side of St George Island. A large colony of pines was killed by saltwater from Hurricane Michael (2018)” vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjFUJ7s/

2021.11.27.01 Perry FL at Forest Capital Museum, Turpentine. “Rosin collection – signage explains recent methods cutting into the cambium, but not the xylem, applying Sulfuric Acid to keep the flow going with fewer cuts”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjF6jmw/

2021.11.27.02 Basic tree anatomy. “A diagram (Forest Capital Museum in Perry, FL) showing the basic structure of a tree – the cambium generating exterior phloem and inner xylem”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjFSPox/

2021.11.27.03 Pine seed germination.”Depictions of the reproductive life cycle of a pine tree. Each seedling has a whorl of numerous seed leaves.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjFhmeM/

2021.11.27.04 Florida map with wood representations of counties. “A cool wooden Florida map, with each county shaped of wood from a characteristic native tree. Forest Capital Museum”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjFFJ7V/

2021.11.27.05 Tree products.”Gifts from woody plants span the needs and millennia of human cultures. From shelter and sustenance to finished and raw materials, trees support life”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjNohVt/

2021.11.27.06 Longleaf Pine. “Originally occupying nearly 100 million acres in the SE USA, harvest and clearing have reduced coverage to 5% of that footprint.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjFScxp/

2021.11.27.07 Gainesville’s Thomas Center. “Evidenced at The Thomas Center, Gainesville, FL, has a lovely legacy of spreading Live Oaks – evergreen trees that create a beautiful surround”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjFrdNs/

2021.12.01.01 O’Neal Botanic Gardens. “Tortola’s O’Neal Botanical Garden, hidden a few blocks from the main streets, 20 minutes walk from the cruise terminal. Small but sweet.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjFSun3/

2021.12.01.02 Bixa orellana. “Food is often colored with annatto, a natural, yellow product made in seed of Bixa orellano (called Achiote in Latin America).”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjFUC4y/

2021.12.01.03  Sophora. “Fruit of the legume Sophora tomentosa (Necklacepod) constrict between each seed.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjFUF1R/

2021.12.01.04 Ylang-Ylang. “Cananga odorata (Ylang-ylang) flowers are harvested for extraction (using steam distillation) of essential oils used in perfumes and aromatherapy.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjFyuPC/

2021.12.01.05  Bougainvillea. “For the full story on naming of Bougainvillea, check my post: https://botanyincontext.com/2019/09/07/calyxis/“  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjF8ECQ/

2021.12.01.06  Carambola “Starfruit, produced by Averrhoa carambola, is true to its relatives in being tartly acidic. Oxalic acid was first extracted from the related Oxalis”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjNE7aY/

2021.12.01.07 Breadfruit. “Just check out the history of Breadfruit over the internet – a fascinating story about this relative of banyan and figs”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjFFhFc/

2021.12.01.08  Morinda. “Noni (Rubiaceae: Morinda citrifolia) is a “starvation fruit”, so considered due to its vomit-smell. Though used medicinally, it is consumed rarely.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjF2BRu/

2021.12.02.01 Phantasea Tropical Botanical Gardens, Anthurium. “Phantasea, a privately-owned public garden in St. Thomas (Virgin Is) shows the owner’s love of epiphytes – mostly orchids, bromeliads, and aroids.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjNEyXs/

2021.12.02.02 Banyan.  “A Ficus root takes the role of a support stem for this banyan. Remember the internal anatomy of a root is different from that of a stem.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjNo8X4/

2021.12.02.03 Sabal. “Sabal domingensis is one of just a few palms of the genus, all of which are native to the Americas.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjFeU1n/

2021.12.03.01  Castaway Cay, Lantana. “Glad to learn that Lantana is still in the Verbena family – it’s hard to keep track…. If anyone knows the ID of this plant, please update me!“  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjFUtRE/

2021.12.03.02  Centrosema. “Centrosema (Butterfly Pea) flowers form with the standard positioned downward, the keel and wings uppermost, which must relate to pollinator behavior”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjFDAdd/

2021.12.05.01  Just Fruits and Exotics. “Just Fruits and Exotics, a revitalized nursery south of Tallahassee (near Crawfordsville) – with owner Jamake Robinson”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdjFMDGX/

2021.12.08.01  LudwigiaLudwigia peruviana, an introduced shrub, shows its Onagraceous character. Another common and similar related genus is Oenothera“  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM87yVA2o/

2021.12.08.02 Cakile.”APHIDS infesting new growth of the mustard Cakile (Sea Rocket). Uggh! Floras claim this isn’t even the season for growth & flowering of Sea Rocket”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZM87yfVHm/

2021.12.09.01  Maple at Maclay Gardens. “Native Oaks, Japanese maples, and a red Camellia labeled as ‘Empress’ (not ‘Drama Girl’) at the Maclay Gardens, Tallahassee”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvafax/

2021.12.09.02 Virginia Oak at Maclay.  “Majestic Live Oaks create the canopy that characterizes Maclay Gardens State Park, Tallahassee” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvXPT7/

2021.12.09.03 Secret Garden, Maclay.  “The walled garden marks tribute to both Alfred and Louise Maclay, respectively the creator and benefactor of this beloved state-owned garden” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvHHV9/

2021.12.09.04 Sasanqua Camellias, Maclay. “Magnificent Sasanqua Camellias grace the park-like landscape of Maclay Gardens State Park in Tallahassee, FL”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvfsAm/

2021.12.09.05  Decorative Kale at Tallahassee Nursery. “Kale beats Chard for decorative value during this Christmas season at Tallahassee Nursery“  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvsRyW/

2021.12.09.06 Snapdragons at Tallahassee Nursery. “In Southern states across the US, gardeners celebrate the cool season with Snapdragons, bearing tubular, 5-lobed corollas with hinged lips”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvtE9b/

2021.12.10.01 Wood rings. “Wood tells much about the nature and particular life history of a tree. How a tree is milled determines the functional use of the lumber.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvUpyE/

2021.12.10.02  Wood knots. “If not for knots, lumber would have clear grain. But no knots mean no branches.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvu3eg/

2021.12.10.03 Lobelia. “A few nuggets of delight in Florida’s mild wintry scene (the Panhandle Apalachicola National Forest)”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvG8Qe/

2021.12.10.04 Smilax. “A red-berried Smilax brings Christmas cheer to a deciduous scene near Camel Lake in Apalachicola National Forest”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvppHX/

2021.12.10.05 Smilax leaf. “Also near Camel Lake, we find a vining Smilax with fewer fruit that are shiny black. I wonder if the same bird (?) would consume both types”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvgohH/

2021.12.10.06 Sassafras. “A small colony (thicket) of Sassafras, leafless in its dormant state here in mid-December in the Florida Panhandle”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrv5tX8/

2021.12.10.07 Onagraceous. “A charming Ludwigia with a bonsai-form stem architecture, nifty globose buds, and wintry maroon coloration- let me know if you have an ID for me.“  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvHN4y/

2021.12.11.01 Frog in lily. “An introduced Lilium shows its massive pistil, with airs long style, capitate stigma, and distinctive ribbed ovary – and its own tree frog, of course”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvxka9/

2021.12.13.01 Big Bales Santa.  “Silage Night – big bales brought to the task of celebrating the holidays…”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvaxP1/

2021.12.13.02 Big bales of cotton “As has been true snce industrialization of agriculture, farmers have to up-front to constantly maintain & upgrade their large, expensive equipment.” . https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvCJFH/

2021.12.15.01 Persimmons at HNT. “Persimmons (Diospyros kaki) making a show of abundance in Huntington’s north orchard. These look like ‘Hachiya’, but I find no provenance.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvXnnx/

2021.12.16.01 Sweetgum leaves, HNT CG. “Early days for a new landscape at The Huntington that celebrates seasons, and creates a future immersive fall color experience”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvPT9C/

2021.12.16.02 Penjing Court. “The Penjing Court in Liu Fang Yuan, The Huntington’s Chinese Garden – San Marino, CA”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvtrnu/

2021.12.18.01 Martin and Carol. “Finding out the source of the specific name Encephalartos altensteinii – this and other plants were named for humanist Karl von Stein Zum Altenstein”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvxVyo/

2021.12.18.02 Patching the Sky. “The great peak rock in Liu Fang Yuan reminds us of ancient creation stories that gave folk understanding to the mysterious of the heavens”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvHt4e/

2021.12.18.03 Plantain Court. “The Plantain Court in Liu Fang Yuan features banana plants, often considered companions to scholars.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvgBMF/

2021.12.21.01 Tub Grinder. “The Huntington is closed to the public on Tuesdays, so that’s when noisy, support, and messy work (like grinding) is done.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvHR43/

2021.12.21.02 Che Zhao. “Che Zhao and his brother Jian are grooming Chinese Elms in the Penjing Court at Liu Fang Yuan, the Huntington Chinese Garden.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvuSxL/

2021.12.22.01 Prunus. “Himilayan Cherry, Prunus cerasoides, (a beautiful tree I thought we had lost) lingers in Huntington collections by virtue of root sprouts.“  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvXYRX/

2021.12.22.02 Bryan and Tom. “Huntington’s Brian Dorsey is out collecting volatile fragrances from Cycad cones & Tom Carruth is getting prepared for the annual rose pruning”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvW7Kc/

2021.12.22.03  Paul Biener. “Paul Biener generates thousands of plant labels and other important signs that help interpret collections and help visitors navigate The Huntington”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvtoJt/

2021.12.22.04 Golden Orchid. “A strikingly lovely orchid sculpture, created and gifted to the Gardens by sculptor Khachik Khachatouryan, announces entry to the Botanical Center”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvHpQS/

2021.12.23.01 Pleurothallis. “Check an online publication by Duque-Bottrago, Alcatel-Quintero, & Otero (2014) on fungus gnat pollination of Pleurothallis marthae (Orchidaceae)”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvtbrQ/

2021.12.23.02 Pleurothallis. “A few more moments to explore floral structure of the curious Pleurothallis marthae, a Colombian endemic orchid”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvCUAK/

2021.12.23.03 Brandon. “Bryce and Brandon mount new orchid species in the Conservatory, while Shawn readies exhibits for a day of visitor interaction”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvxXSu/

2021.12.23.04 Impatiens. “One in a thousand! Impatiens claviger is a lovely, rare plant in this genus of over 1,000 species, a genus “notorious for its taxonomic difficulty.””  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvQopN/

2021.12.24.01 Eucalyptus. “The very shrubby Eucalyptus grossa (SW Australia) allows us to examine the highly-modified floral structure of this group, with a calyptra (operculum)”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvxg63/

2021.12.24.02 Grevillea. “Grevillea ‘Peaches and Cream’ – for some taxonomic history, visit my earlier post: https://botanyincontext.com/2019/07/06/scandalous-connections/“  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvqd7H/

2021.12.24.03 Brachychiton. “Brachychiton species are monoecious, which tells us a plant produces separate ale and female flowers.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvPekg/

2021.12.24.04 Eucalyptus. “Examining another flowering Eucalyptus – this one with copious exuded wax, giving us these silvery (glaucous fruit and stems”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvHnbQ/

2021.12.24.05 Foxglove. “For more on Foxglove, check out my post: https://botanyincontext.com/2019/08/02/withering-heights/“  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvb5Hw/

2021.12.24.06 Chamaelaucium.  “Chamaelaucium ‘Purple Gem’, with its red buds and soft fragrance, is a nice addition to an informal SoCal garden. It’s another Australian Myrtle.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrv97cB/

2021.12.25.01 Salvia. “Stamens of Salvia microphylla (and most other Salvias) have a foot that levers the anthers into a position to deposit pollen on a pollinator.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvvmDV/

2021.12.26.01 Phalaenopsis. “Orchid specialist Brandom Tam curates this on-campus collection of species and selected cultivars. The mounted Phalaenopsis are his work”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvHXNA/

2021.12.26.02 Staghorn. “A superb Staghorn fern (Platycerium) growing at the top of the Jungle Garden, where it meets the Palm Garden (The Huntington)”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvxGwY/

2021.12.26.03 Linum. “Linum yields “bast” fibers, long cells produced along the veins in the stems. The harvested stems are retted (rotted) to extract and clean the flax”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvUp1b/

2021.12.26.04 Roses. “The Huntington Rose Garden shows a bloom, even in the last week of December. But staff and volunteers wielding secateurs begin pruning next week.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvqSc6/

2021.12.28.01  Fallen fringe tree. “A typical urban street scene, when containerized trees are planted in compacted soils. Encircling roots never establish & tree health is compromised”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvUAp4/

2021.12.30.01 Lake Ozark. “Leaf scars, bud scales, pith, & bark provide useful characters often ignored by botanists caught up in the spring and summer churn of leaves & flower”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvWU7h/

2021.12.31.01 Euonymous, the Farm. “The viney Euonymus fortunei (Winter Creeper) stands out as somewhat alien to the brown tones of a Missouri deciduous landscape”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvX1Jn/

2021.12.31.02 Gleditsia. “Known for its thorny branches, Honeylocust (Gleditsia triacanthos, a Legume) invades open fields (Missouri).”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvHsmQ/

2021.12.31.03 Sycamore sapling “Trees help stabilize streambeds on our Ozark farm, coursing challenged by input from large watersheds with episodic flooding.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvP48d/

2021.12.31.04  Rose prickles. “Roses produce prickles, which form along stems just as does bark, it’s curious in this instance that the prickles seem clustered near nodes”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvnUYY/

2021.12.31.05 Watercress. “Watercress was called Nasturtium long before Westerners knew of the unrelated but similar-tasting South American plant Linnaeus named Trapaeolum”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvg7rp/

2021.12.31.06 Fern. “Asplenium rhizophyllum (Walking Fern) is a charming, distinctive denison of moist, shady Missouri outcroppings..”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvbNJ3/

2021.12.31.07 Juniperus seedlings. “Among the mosses covering this outcropping are two tiny, doomed seedlings of Juniperus virginiana – not a moss, rather a seed-bearing Gymnosperm”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvmKLr/

2022.01.02.01 Lemons. “Making Lemon Cream (TikTok @sabsweets), discovering in prep that 10 medium Eureka lemons yield 10 Tbs zest and 1.5 c juice (fully extracted). Smells great!” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvay2f/

2022.01.02.02 Lemons “Anatomy of a Lemon – multi-carpellate citrus fruit are a special berry called a “hesperidium” – invoking the mythical golden apples of Hesperides” . https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvnEG2/

2022.01.02.03 Lemons. “Final Tally – 16 Eureka lemons yielded 3+ cups juice and 1 cup lightly-packed zest. Average: 1 lemon yields 1 Tbs zest & 1.5-2 Tbs juice”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrv9AgA/

2022.01.03.01 Donuts. “Donuts are pure botanical magic – wheat flour, sugar, corn oil, and some secondary products (I.e. dairy). BUT – Mixes have crucial dough “improvers””  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvuF3o/

2022.01.03.02 Cold hardiness. “Plants change their osmotic balances & re-engineer membranes in advance of cold weather, to cope with the hazards of ice formation.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvGrMG/

2022.01.05.01 Black walnut. “American Black Walnut (Juglans nigra) makes a nut that’s hard to crack – unless you’re a squirrel. Or, you run Hammons Black Walnuts, Stockton, MO”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvngtJ/

2022.01.06.01  Soil. “Good agricultural soils & growing conditions are core to civilization. Abuse and misuse of beautiful soils threatens sustainability & biodiversity”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvXPUc/

2022.01.06.02 Double leader. “An Eastern Sycamore shows two codominant leaders, probably the result of damage to the original leader decades ago.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvsL3M/

2022.01.09.01 Juniper seed. “Eastern Redcedar (Juniperus virginiana) male and female plants, with pollen-bearing & seed-bearing cones respectively.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvH7ob/

2022.01.09.02 Lonicera fruit. “Fruit of Lonicera maackii – to see flowering, check post from 8 May, Bagnell Dam, Lake Ozark. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdDWwTy9/“  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvybKW/

2022.01.12.01 MO, Rose Garden. “At Missouri Botanical Gardens, meeting Rosarian Matthew Norman, and learning a bit about his works of roses here.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvp3nn/

2022.01.12.02 Sweetgum. “The most stately Sweetgum (Liquidambar) you can imagine, shackled by Christmas lights in St. Louis, at MO.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvWmDg/

2022.01.12.03  Aesculus buds. “Horse Chestnut, the European Aesculus hippocastanum, is in the genus with American Buckeyes.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvWR4E/

2022.01.12.04  Holly with fungi. “Who might give me an ID on this fungus erupting from an Ilex opaca at Missouri Botanical Garden.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrv4Xsw/

2022.01.12.05  Holly with berries. “Fruiting American Holly (Ilex opaca) at Missouri BG, mid-January. The “opaca” was selected because the leaves and fruit are not glossy.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvCpHv/

2022.01.12.06  Hemlock. “Eastern Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) is a nice, open, evergreen tree for forested landscapes in the Eastern, interior mesophytic landscapes”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvGD39/

2022.01.12.07  Hellebore. “The stinky version of Helleborus, with its winter-worthy flowering. Don’t know if this home can take deep freezing…. anyone have feedback on this…”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvyUVV/

2022.01.12.08  Bees. “Looking for the Queen? She hives here”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvgt73/

2022.01.12.09  Intern. “Ana loves her work at Missouri Botanical Garden“  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvPtXr/

2022.01.12.10  Birch bark. “River Birch (Betula nigra) resembles the better-known Paperbark Birch (B. papyrifera), but it’s readily distinguished by bark color.“  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvyprm/

2022.01.12.11  Eucharis.”Eucharis caucana in the Climatron. Note (in the last few frames of this clip) that someone earlier had sectioned an ovary – exposing the ovules”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvxy77/

2022.01.12.12  Orchidantha.”A monogeneric family (Lowiaceae) is represented by Orchidantha maxillarioides meaning it has a flower resembling the orchid Maxillaria”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvGy3u/

2022.01.12.13  Freycinetia. “Freycinetia cumingiana (Pandanus family) scrambles in its curiously elegant manner in the Climatron.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvuWh8/

2022.01.12.14  Arachnothryx. “Plants in the Rubiaceous genus Arachnothryx (i.e. “spider hair”) have been listed inappropriately at times as Pentas as well as Rondeletia”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvmVYh/

2022.01.12.15  Bananas. “Fruiting of the ‘Dwarf Orinoco’ banana selection in the Climatron”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvV6nw/

2022.01.12.16  Cochliostema. “Like a Spiderwort attempting to out-class a bromeliad, the tropical American Cochliostema makes a glorious show.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvuhMC/

2022.01.12.17   Exostema. ““Lineatum” is a good specific epithet for this Exostema, given its long, straight and narrow anthers”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvCyeR/

2022.01.12.18  Brunfelsia. “The shrub Brunfelsia (a tropical American Solanaceous genus with salverform corollas), is known for its handsome flowers in shades of blue…”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvbNpy/

2022.01.12.19  Brugmansia. “A spectacular Brugmansia flowering in the Climatron”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvHhH2/

2022.01.12.20  “A spectacular flowering of Clerodendrum quadruloculare and Anthurium in the Climatron”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvmS11/

2022.01.14.01 Baker Creek. “Encountering Baker Creek Seed Company, Mansfield, MO”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvpsm3/

2022.01.14.02 Seed. “The seed store at Baker Creek Seed Company – heaven for home gardeners.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvqdju/

2022.01.14.03 Corn. “An a-maizing offering of corn seed at Baker Creek Seed Company. Mansfield, MO”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvgbnV/

2022.01.14.04 Peppers. “From Peppers to Poppies, I dream about fruitful and flowery segments of the alphabet.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrv4vmb/

2022.01.14.05 Squash.  “A symphony of Squash seed sorts sing siren-like from their shelves. Baker Creek Seed Company” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvqFX7/

2022.01.14.06. Epicormic growth. “A lightning strike appears to have destroyed the main oak leader. Epicormic shoots became suckers, morphing into a squadron of failing leaders.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrv9SXU/

2022.01.17.01 Golden hour. “Plants evolved sophisticated systems that modulate growth and activity based on quality, quantity, and relative duration of differing light spectra”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvXbSU/

2022.01.21.01 Ume. “Mei Hua in China, Ume in Japan, Prunus mume flowers very early, even in the cold of winter. This character makes it one of the Three Friends”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdrvDE6X/

2022.01.22.01 Geranium. “Cultivated Geraniums (genus Pelargonium) show nice, simple leaves with sweetly flap-like stipules.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDR6Vh/

2022.01.22.02 Napa cabbage. ““Napa Cabbage” is one of many Chinese cabbages – its English name “Napa” derived from a colloquial Japanese term for edible leaves.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDNjbH/

2022.01.22.03 Bok Choy. “There are several strains of Bok Choy available, all of which are very closely related to the more textured white cabbage we call Napa Cabbage” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDefuG/

2022.01.22.04 Japanese mustard. “Search Brassica juncea on Wikipedia to get a nice chart that lays out the different strains of Japanese mustards.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkAw9vF/

2022.01.23.01 Desert garden. “Planting the 10-acre Huntington Desert Garden began in 1906, suggesting this landscape has welcomed (and delighted) at least 20 million visitors.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDMQ6D/

2022.01.23.02 Aloe hill. “Aloe Hill, a mass planting in The Huntington’s Desert Garden, makes a showing in January, drawing hummingbird and human visitors.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkD27yU/

2022.01.23.03 Encephalartos  “A female plant of Encephalartos arenarius (the bequeathed Loran and Eva Whitelock) sheds its colorful seed from massive cones at The Huntington”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDJpAj/

2022.01.23.04 Agave attenuata  “The waxy-blue form of Agave attenuata (Boutin’s Blue) shows beautifully green flowers, each with 6 tepals (3 sepals & 3 similar petals) & 6 stamens.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkATRWd/

2022.01.23.05 Aloidendron.  “The Huntington Desert Garden is under restructuring to create a new, immersive experience, while preserving the historical character of the landscape.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDSUXr/

2022.01.23.06 Bamboo. “Bambusa beechyana (a clumping timber type bamboo) showcases the sheathing nature of grass leaf bases and specialized bracts.’ https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkD6fHs/

2022.01.24.01 Bougainvillea and Birds. “As soon as I quit talking, several small birds returned to the perches, sunning and chattering from balconies in Apartamento del Bougainvillea

“  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkAK5db/

2022.01.25.01 Chorisia. “The mature form of Chorisia belies its juvenille growth pattern, which generates a strong central leader and clustered branching that seems whorled.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDjwBp/

2022.01.26.01 Populus. “Populus, typically, are quick-growing, soft-wooded trees, Some (Lombardy, Quaking Aspen, Cottonwood) are well-known, but others merit more attention.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkAwD86/

2022.01.27.01 Sycamore. “Tis the season for heading cuts – unfortunately. Nobody is as dedicated to tree decapitation as folks in SoCal.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDFgY5/

2022.01.28.01 Penjing  “Exciting to see the continued development of Penjing displays in Liu Fang Yuan (The Huntington), where Che, Dave, & Yosh are collaborating.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDrb86/

2022.01.28.02 Rose Garden “A lot happening in the Huntington Rose Garden, a day made more thoughtful through the passing of our wonderful friend and board member, Toshie Mosher”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDYX2Q/

2022.01.28.03 Tom Carruth. “In Curating THE Huntington Rose Cokkection & Garden, Tom Carruth trains and inspires great staff and a substantial team of volunteers.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkA3ctR/

2022.01.28.04 Strelitzia. “Let’s check out one of the most exotic of flowers, Strelizia reginae.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDNN3P/

2022.01.28.05 SBBG Steve Windhager “Steve Windhager, Santa Barbara Botanic Garden Director, welcomes us to enjoy the vista from a public overlook near his office.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDenXX/

2022.01.28.06 SBBG Equisetum “This Equisetum is producing spores in a mature strobilus, harbingers of a sexual future, when protonema make male & female gametes” . https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDFhe8/

2022.02.01.01 PV Coconut. “Omar makes a living harvesting green coconuts on along the Malecon in Pto Vallarta. These are sold for “coconut water”” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDFgt9/

2022.02.01.02 PV Pineapple. “Nifty fresh pineapple with a crested top-growth. The stand sells Pina, Pepino, Sandia, Mango, & Jicama with a rich salsa of Chile, lime, & salt” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkD6uGD/

2022.02.01.03 PV COVID sculpture. “COVID progenitors rusting in the salt air of Pto Vallarta”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDRyaX/

2022.02.01.04 PV Bread and Monk. “A monk, a sisal cord, and a loaf of wheat bread – symbols all in Vallarta”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDSdP3/

2022.02.01.05 PV Plant Street. “A charming moment along the streets of Vallarta, near PIpi’s; our favorite local restaurant.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkAEav8/

2022.02.02.01 Mazatlán, Catharanthus.  “Catharanthus (we used to call it a Vinca) perennates in tropical gardens. Native to Madagascar, cultivated plants yielded anti-cancer extracts.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDNu9m/

2022.02.02.02 Mazatlán, Corn “An elote (an ear of corn) is also called a mazorca (a cob) when the husks are removed. Each kernel is the fruit of a single flower.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDJTtR/

2022.02.02.03 Mazatlán, Indio. “A fellow nicknamed “Indio” cleans onions at Fruiteria La Huerticito (“little garden plot”) in the Mazatlan Mercado Central”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDkSA4/

2022.02.02.04 Mazatlán, Pina. “You can learn about spices, grains, & dried comestibles from Pina, at the Los Amigos shop in Mazatlan. She’s worked with her Dad there for 4 decades”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDk4go/

2022.02.02.05 Mazatlán, Stephen. “Estefano (Stephen) walks us through the natural products you can purchase in this market stall, in Mazatlan.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkD8xLy/

2022.02.02.06 Mazatlán, Elario “Another sweet encounter with Elario, at his shop in the Mazatlan Mercado Central (which he has managed for 50 years!). His name means “happy””  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDrBho/

2022.02.02.07 Alma. “Alma wouldn’t let me post a previous video, but relented this time. She has worked 4 decades with her Dad (Alberto Bernal) at the Mazatlan Mercado”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkD2Wd2/

2022.02.02.08 Caldo. “Caldo in waiting. Walk up to the vendor and pick out precisely what you plan to use for a soup or stew – it’s ready, fresh, and naturally portioned.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDdYTL/

2022.02.02.09 Victor. “Hanging out in the Mazatlan Mercado Central, bugging Victor and his clients about the massive inventory of specialty sauces.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDhc4D/

2022.02.03.01 Pithecellobium dulce. “A densely scruffy tree, Pithecellobium dulce (varyingly called Guamuche or a similar term) thrives in urban edges here in Cabo.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkAESuG/

2022.02.03.02 Tequila. ”Just off the marina in Cabo San Lucas you’ll discover a nice, rustic, life-sized & romanticized diorama of the pre-industrial tequila-making process”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdkDN26d/

2022.02.08.01 Pto Vallarta, limbed-up Ficus  “If you wonder why the Weeping Fig weeps…” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2pCpE/

2022.02.08.02 Pto Vallarta, trees at plaza by cruise terminal (muted by TT) https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjefJs/

2022.02.08.03 Pto Vallarta, Soriana Market, herbs “Verduras at a large market (Soriana) on the main drag on Pto Vallarta… “ https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2KXHW/

2022.02.09.01 Mazatlan, “Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) gets its common name from Portuguese transliteration of “chacca” – a Malayalam term for this useful plant.“  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA27CWp/

2022.02.09.02 Mazatlan, Cedrela.  “The Mahoganies are New World relatives to Chinaberry (Melia) and Neem (Azadirachta) – all trees with alternating compound leaves.“  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2nUV3/

2022.02.09.03 Mazatlan, trimming trees  “City maintenance crews sent in to trim back trees on the Mazatlan historic district.“  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2WCqN/

2022.02.09.04 Mazatlan, plaza  “Storekeepers in Mazatlan don’t like it when trees block the view of their buildings, so crews scut back branches regularly.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2KCG4/

2022.02.09.05 Mazatlan, watering street trees  “Somebody cares about the street trees of Mazatlan. Yeah, street and park trees have a rough life, but it’s nice to know someone tries to keep them.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2EC3m/

2022.02.09.06 Mazatlan, Tecoma stans  “Tacoma stans – not to be bested. Few trees give so much flowering and can take such hot weather. If you were to create a yellow garden, you’d want this.“  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA27AHb/

2022.02.09.07 Mazatlan, Cinchona   “Quina roja is the common name for Cinchona (source of quinine), though I’m not qualified to certify the identity of this material. Any feedback?“  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjemjh/

2022.02.09.08 Mazatlan, Coconut vender  “A young vendor (Ricardo) helps me understand a bit about coconuts – the young (tierno), the mediano, and the madero (mature fruit, which weigh less).”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjdHS8/

2022.02.09.09 Mazatlan, Market, Pepitas  “Sunflower and squash (pumpkin) embryos are fairly similar, though their origins are quite different.“  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2E6qD/

2022.02.09.10 Mazatlan, Market, instant soup  “For 30 pesos (in the Mazatlan market) you can purchase a mix of vegetables to make a supper caldo (stew). Just add meat and seasoning.“ https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2GwUa/

2022.02.09.11 Mazatlan, Bauhinia  “Lost in the arcane history of plant taxonomy, the seminal cataloging of ancient plant names by Jean and Caspar Bauhin is honored through this genus.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjRpb4/

2022.02.10.01 Cabo, landscape guy  Last port day on our back-to-back cruise, here in Cabo. Raymond tends the landscape and cleans patios at one of the nicer commercial centers.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjexn1/

2022.02.10.02 Carnival Panorama, Emart, pizza guy  “Back on the ship (Carnival Panorama), Emart shapes out pizza dough quickly and effectively in a tray of semolina. No waiting here…”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjFNRL/

2022.02.13.01 HNT, topiary in CH  “The Helen & Peter Bing Children’s Garden is coming up on 2 decades, but evolves yet. Gardener Edward Kardish originates and actualized this idea.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAj8to5/

2022.02.13.02 HNT, Trichodesma schottii  “Not commonly cultivated, for people along the SW coast this Trichodesma schottii is a curious treat – a handsome plant with a chandelier of flowers.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA27BsQ/

2022.02.13.03 HNT, Cabbage  “Beautiful cabbages in the Huntington Potager- recalling cabbages, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, bok chou, kale. & kohlrabi are one species.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAje1Vg/

2022.02.13.04 HNT Brussels sprouts  “Brussels Sprouts are cabbage with reversal of fortune. Rather than the apical bud heading, the axillary buds head up along the elongated stalk.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2Gkmh/

2022.02.13.05 HNT Cauliflower  “Cauliflower is a headier relative of Broccoli – making a succulent, non-green inflorescence we harvest while still tender.”     https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2oDwh/

2022.02.14.01 HNT, Pyrostegia  “Pyrostegia venusta (Flamevine) is one of many great Bignoniaceous vines (Distictis, Pandorea, Clytostoma) that bring color to SoCal landscapes.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjJFYA/

2022.02.14.02 San Marino, Iceland Poppies  “Iceland Poppies are popular cool season plantings in SoCal, but their soft, pastel colors are difficult to meld in mixed palettes.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjdCQm/

2022.02.15.01 HNT, Hail  “A sudden change in weather. We seldom experience hail in SoCal, but a nice afternoon turned when a cold storm blew in, w/ hail, rain, & lightning.“  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjYhyY/

2022.02.15.02 HNT, Hail  “A hail-aceous update! An unusual meteorological happening in LA.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2o1xx/

2022.02.16.01 SBGG,  “16 Feb in Sta. Barbara, CA – native flowers are coming to their spring crescendo- poppies popping and ceanothus making a scene.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjJv8F/

2022.02.16.02 SBBG, Rhododendron End of flowering for the fragrant native azalea (Rhododendron occidentale). Compare these flowers to the heaths and to Arctostaphylos.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2nCag/

2022.02.16.03 SBBG Heterotheca sessiliflora “What a nice, mounding daisy for a rockery – California’s native Heterotheca sessiiiflora.“  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAj1w62/

2022.02.16.04 SBBG, Erigeron glaucus  “Grow your own! Pick up a division of this incredibly natty plant, Erigeron glaucus (a tidy seaside daisy) to try in your garden.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjLVXq/

2022.02.15.05 SBBT, Arctostaphylos  “Arctostaphylos insularis flowers epitomize that urceolate corolla we encounter in heathers, blueberries, madrones, & manzanitas.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjesWh/

2022.02.15.06 SBBG, Opuntia  “Opuntia phaeacantha may be off outing and dangerous vegetatively, but the flower is delicate, even pristine.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAj1FqL/

2022.02.16.07 SBBG,Teucrium “California’s native Teucrium glandulosum is a far cry from the European Germanders of herb garden fame – yet in the same genus.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2Tr3g/

2022.02.16.08 SBBG, DendromeconDendromecon hardfordii reminds us that many plant groups we think of as herbaceous have woody representatives. A woody poppy – wow.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjNPxN/

2022.02.18.01 HNT, CG Penjing  “Gardens staff give of their time, energy, expertise, and enthusiasm to bring immersive experiences to the wider public. Take advantage of this.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2n4c4/

2022.02.18.02 HNT, CG pond  “Like a meadow or lawn, a pond gives the relief of open space to the cancas, but brings the added effect of reflection, a view changing with each step.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAj1p13/

2022.02.18.03 HNT, CG pond, Lotus  “Spent lotus, a symbol of the 4 seasons to us becomes a sign of wasted opportunity for our colleagues in China.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjJg8F/

2022.02.18.04 HNT, CG, NandinaNandina domestica (Berberis family) is common to Asian garden flora, at least in milder climates. We see occasional escapees in moist US regions.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjL1Vw/

2022.02.18.05 SoCal, Chinese Elm  “A Chinese elm with a hairdo generated through closeness to significant power lines”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjRcn5/

2022.02.18.06 HNT, Stifftia  “A daisy relative with gigantic florets from Brasil – Stifftia chrysantha.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA238Q7/

2022.02.19.01 HNT, Orange blossom “‘Valencia’ oranges at The Huntington – residual groves from the past century, when the San Gabriel Valley was still agricultural. Learning trees.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2Ey46/

2022.02.20.01 PCC, Lantana  “Just chortling over the most blossom-filled Lantana I’ve ever encountered. A great, funky-smelling shrub (though a bit frost-tender).”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2sRn4/

2022.02.20.02 HNT, Cercis ‘Avondale’  “Flowering season for the wonderful Cercis selection ‘Avondale’ – first spotted, propagated, and introduced by New Zealand horticultural folk.“  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjYRUA/

2022.02.21.01 HNT, Pine pollen   “A cluster of 3 different pine (this one is Aleppo) all coning at the same time in late Feb – liberating billions of pollen grains.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjLBoD/

2022.02.21.02 HNT, “   “Agave desmetiana is a popular plant in SoCal, particularly the variegated selection (see San Marcos Growers).” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA23yQM/

2022.02.23.01 HNT, Chinese Garden buffer, Oak growth  The life of an Oak. Quercus agrifolia starts it’s new season of growth.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjeuWV/

2022.02.23.02 HNT, Chinese Garden buffer, another Oak   “The life of yet another Oak. These are not clones. Everyone is at a slightly different place.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2tWyL/

2022.02.23.03 HNT, Chinese Garden buffer, bamboo   “Scores of clumping bamboo selections, representing numbers of species, form a collection, backdrop, and future immersive landscape at The Huntington.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2ENby/

2022.02.23.04 HNT, Paulownia  “Princess Tree (or Empress tree), the beautiful but invasive Paulownia tomentosa, heads toward spectacular flowering T The Huntington.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2vnES/

2022.02.23.05 HNT Parking Lot, Tabebuia impetiginosa, “Yearly, this Tabebuia pays an installment (in a cloud of flowers) against the cost of moving.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2sA1F/

2022.02.23.06 HNT, NV, Magnolia ‘Butterflies’ “Yes, generally we call the deciduous Asian Magmolia hybrids “Soulangeanas,” because that’s the primary hybrid between M. denudata & liliiflora.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjRym2/

2022.02.24.01 HNT, Stump Grinder  “Work at Huntington Gardens never ceases. Weed trees are removed, and then the stumps have to be extracted.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2n2Gb/

2022.02.26.01 Las Vegas Springs Preserve, entry  Catching up on how the Botanical Garden at Las Vegas Springs Preserve is coming along- you’ll want to visit this place.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjeD6A/

2022.02.26.02 LVSP Phacelia campanularia  “Phacelia campanularia flowers are a striking, deep indigo blue, emanating from the curled (scorpioid) inflorescence (a cyme).”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjeFLs/

2022.02.26.03 LVSP Sustainable House  “Las Vegas Springs Preserve entices residents to adopt more sustainable landscapes as a road to better long term use of water in this desert climate.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjNAeN/

2022.02.26.04 LVSP Jojoba   “Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis) seed yield a “long chain, unbranched wax ester” sometimes used in fine cosmetics as a substitute for whale oils.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjFPAV/

2022.02.26.05 LVSP Rosemary   “Any Southwestern waterwise garden will be yet smarter if you remember to grow some Rosemary.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjNS5g/

2022.02.26.06 Wash with cane break  “Springs Preserve in Las Vegas has become a great garden & interpretive center – so in defiance of the sin city perception we so easily harbor.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAj8B28/

2022.02.26.07 Narcissis  “SoCal personality George Harmon Scott signed his books by reminding us that bulbs are friends we are happy to see return each year- like at Springs.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2WahX/

2022.02.26.08 Cactus Alley “Cactus Alley at the LV Springs Preserve BG is really coming into its own as a handsome landscape steeped in personality”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2oebG/

2022.02.26.09 Botanical Garden structure  “I said Pete Dunsterville, but meant Pete Duncombe – Director of the early garden that provided a model for what a public LV garden might accomplish.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2cweh/

2022.02.26.10 Fritz Kollman  “Fun to be walking through the garden at Springs Preserve and meet the Supt, Fritz Kollman – who was on his knees, weeding, until I interrupted.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAj1poM/

2022.02.26.11 Pistacia atlantica  “Pistacia atlantica resembles the closely-related Pistachio nut tree (P. vera), but is not grown in orchards for seed.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjYo9F/

2022.02.28.01 Mojave Desert near Lake Mead  “The Mojave Desert gets its bit of rainfall in winter, from California’s Mediterranean climate, while the Sonoran Desert receives summer rain.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAj1ftt/

2022.02.28.02 Sophora secundiflora at Kingman  “The small SW evergreen native tree, Sophora secundiflora is now classified in the “segregate” genus Dermatophyllum – reflecting the leaf texture.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAj8DcF/

2022.03.01.01 Lombardy Poplar, Holbrook KOA  “Lombardy Poplar has its fans and it’s detractors, but none can deny this exaggerated tree is successful for some and a short-lived disaster for others.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjdw6d/

2022.03.01.02 Petrified Forest Visitors Center, Populus fremontii  “A yet-bare specimen of the native Populus fremontii at the Petrified Forest visitor center – this Poplar is common along streams, with good fall color.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjL7rq/

2022.03.01.03 Amur maple Running into a dormant maple…. “You can almost always know a maple. This is the Asian Amur Maple – a curious adventive in the Petrified Forest patio.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjdLTL/

2022.03.01.04 Petrified Forest, 1st stop at Blue Mesa “A first overlook (Blue Mesa, Petrified Forest) where we see a scattering of giant petrified logs (these are reddish), just a taste of what’s to come.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA23Snd/

2022.03.01.05 Petrified Forest, Agate Bridge  “Many questions and a lot to learn here in the preserved remains of an ancient forest – petrified giants surrounded by living shrubs in a near desert.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjYAp8/

2022.03.01.06 Crystal Forest entry   “One of several incredible “deposits” of petrified logs you can walk through in the Petrified Forest.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjNUUL/

2022.03.01.07 Crystal Forest interpretive sign  “We are told this ancient forest developed when the land we stand on was close to the equator, with a wet, more tropical climate. Get the drift?”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2nN6C/

2022.03.01.08 Crystal Forest, 3rd stop  “Still experiencing Crystal Forest – a site littered with quartz-impregnated boles of long-dead trees, eerily disjunct from their living predecessors.“ https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2vG18/

2022.03.01.09 Crystal Forest long bole   “It’s difficult to avoid avoid Imagining these petrified trunks as living trees without referencing the Coastal Redwood forest for scale and aspect.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjd2A4/

2022.03.01.10 Rainbow Museum   “Exhibits with names given to three of the trees preserved in quartz here at Petrified Forest, the world’s largest preserved collection of fossil trees.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2ss97/

2022.03.01.11 Stephen Mather   “Entry to the short Long Log loop trail at Rainbow Forest – with a dedication to Stephen T. Mather – find about Mather (and Mather plaques) on the web.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdA2pnF6/

2022.03.01.12 Rainbow Forest walk  “Strewn about like defeated Ents, giant trees tell some very ancient tale, before the time of human life & somewhat beyond our understanding.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjdTkc/

2022.03.01.13 Long log with nebari, Rainbow Forest “Lying in State at the Rainbow Forest site is this bowed specimen invoking a different world from a different place at a different time.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAjL51D/

2022.03.03.01 Museum of International Folk Art. “Stopping off at the Museum of International Folk Art in Santa Fe, New Mexico”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAk5PKb/

2022.03.03.02 Girard Collection. “Flowers are common motifs in folk art from around the world- as one can see in the Girard collection at Santa Fe’s Museum of Int’l Folk Art.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAkmNd1/

2022.03.03.03 Textiles.  “But for silk, early textiles and papers were made using plant materials, such as cottons, linens, papyrus, tree barks, and straw.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAkyTQM/

2022.03.03.04 Plant Blindness. “So many of the objects and dioramas in the Girard collection remind us of the visual and substantive roles plants play in our lives.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdAk44Nc/

2022.03.05.01 Arrival at Sallisaw KOA.  “In Sallisaw, OK, surrounded by Eastern Forest trees – Sweetgum, Sycamore, Maple, Ash, Oak, & Elm. (The small lobed leaf may be Sycamore, not Maple).” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSmECD/

2022.03.05.02 Trees at Sallisaw KOA.  “Different kinds of trees develop characteristic architectures because of branching behavior, degree of apical dominance, and environmental conditions.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSSUSu/

2022.03.06.01  Daffodils in Arkansas.  “Narcissus is such a great name for this genus. If ever a flower could fall in love with itself, this is it.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSD7JV/

2022.03.06.02 Crystal Bridges, Magnolia ‘Butterflies’.  “Magnolia ‘Butterflies’ with loads of flower buds, yet still dormant in Bentonville, Arkansas – at Crystal Bridges museum.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdfShxxV/ 

2022.03.06.03 Crystal Bridges, Kasama Flower.  “A first visit to the outdoor art displays at Crystal Bridges – encountering a Kusama flower.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSN4oA/

2022.03.06.05 Crystal Bridges, Kasama Narcissis Garden.  “Regardless as to the inspiration for the continuing rearrangement of this Kasama piece, I would be tempted to fill the wooded slope with daffodils.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdfS8kGF/

2022.03.06.06 Crystal Bridges, Perilla.  “Some normal components of suburban woodlands are attractive but worrisome invasives, plants from climates similar to our Eastern habitats.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdfSyNT2/

2022.03.06.07 Crystal Bridges, Hickory (probably Butternut). “Pignut Hickory occurs throughout Eastern North America. It’s tight bark and glabrous (hairless), relatively small leaflets aid on identification.  The bark and buds suggest this is Butternut Hickory, Carya cordiformis, rather than Pignut (Carya ovata), as the label states. “ https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdfSF223/

2022.03.06.08 Crystal Bridges, Orchid.  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfS5uFb/

2022.03.06.09 Crystal Bridges, Hellebore. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSQ3gp/  European Hellebores, famous for their winter-flowering habit, make welcome additions to woodland gardens.

2022.03.06.10 Crystal Bridges, Liriodendron.  “The Ozarks (receiving less rainfall than the Apalachians) harbor a western, less species-rich subset of the Eastern mixed mesophytic forest.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSWGdk/ 

2022.03.06.11 Crystal Bridges, Nyssa sylvatica Arkansas state champion.  “The swamp Tupelos have a close relative in upland forests, the Black Gum – Nyssa sylvatica. It can be a nice yes tree, with great fall color.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSEa9A/ 

2022.03.06.12 Crystal Bridges, Brooklyn painting, Lombardy poplar. “Whispering in the Crystal Bridges gallery about Lombardy Poplars populating the early Brooklyn streets.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfA2pJo/ 

2022.03.06.13 Crystal Bridges, Cranberry gathering. “Somehow artists can make backbreaking labor seem bucolic even soothing and desirable. But we know these cranberries were hard-won.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSsuFv/

2022.03.06.14 Crystal Bridges, Cabbages in romantic painting. “Cropsey’s ‘Backwoods’ both idealizes and documents pioneer life in and against a backdrop of nature’s splendor…. Note the cut & come again cabbages.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdfSKMFW/ 

2022.03.06.15 Crystal Bridges, Church painting. “Church was among the many artists and thought leaders whose works & influence underpin preservation of nature through creation of national parks.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdfSx6xc/ 

2022.03.06.16 Crystal Bridges, realistic painting. “While not “hyper-real,” Richards’s painting still captures more than simply the essence of a woodland scene, portraying natural textures and colors.” https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdfSGGGQ/ 

2022.03.06.17 Crystal Bridges, ‘Peaches’. “At Crystal Bridges – Decker’s glance at a spilled hamper of peaches makes multiple statements. Peaches connote longevity in their native China.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfS7a9F/ 

2022.03.06.18 Crystal Bridges, Bananas. “I misspoke – Cavendish is the currently available banana cultivar, so these likely portray ‘Gros Michel’- now lost from cultivation due to disease.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSxdaR/ 

2022.03.06.19 Crystal Bridges, photo of spruce. “Have to clear my head and think faster – The oldest living plant isn’t designated as ‘Pango’, rather ‘Pando’.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdfSWp7g/ 

2022.03.06.20 Crystal Bridges, Tiffany Wisteria lamp. “So many of the most spectacular Tiffany lamps celebrate flowers. It is easy to live this Wisteria, with its piercing blues and vibrant greens.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdfStECd/ 

2022.03.06.21 Crystal Bridges, women with bouquets. “Something about flowers: growth & abundance, productivity & harvest, nature and nurture, evanescence & revival, cheerfulness & potential….”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSsPYy/ 

2022.03.07.01 Wye Mountain. “A False Start – In search of the Wye Mountain Daffodil Festival….”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSQUyU/ 

2022.03.07.02 Wye Mountain. “Still in pursuit of Daffodils.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdfSgFp4/ 

2022.03.07.03 Wye Mountain, entry to Festival. “We finally strike gold. Here is the entry, and here are the people. Open the doors to see the flowers. We’ve arrived at Wye Mountain Daffodil field.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSwCUt/ 

2022.03.07.04 Wye Mountain, intro do daffodil festival. “Wye (“why”) Mountain – A week ago the field was inches deep in ice and snow, so peak flowering is delayed. But we saw quite a showing regardless..”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdfSTnWm/ 

2022.03.07.05 Wye Mountain, closeup on daffodils.  …”All at once I saw a crowd, A host, of golden daffodils; Beside the lake, beneath the trees, Fluttering and dancing in the breeze”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSnLUA/ 

2022.03.07.06 Wye Mountain, lightning strike on Oak. “On the ridge of Wye Mountain (near Little Rock, AR) we spy a Harry Potter White Oak – bearing the scar of a long-past lightning strike.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSXUvD/ 

2022.03.07.07 Bentonville, AR, Compton Gardens. “Compton Gardens, embedded in the very center of Bentonville, AR – landscapes in a striking native tree canopy. Need to learn about Compton…..”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSojJn/ 

2022.03.07.08 AR interstate tree pruning. “Major, deep clearing along I-40 by contractors with articulating brush hogs that tear up brush and even mid-sized trees – inelegant but effective.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfS3FM7/ .

2022.03.08.01 MS pecan grove, Egremont. “You’ll drive by many smaller pecan groves in Arkansas & Mississippi, as you see here, south of Egremont, MS. Anyone: Are they shaken for harvesting?.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSHC3q/ 

2022.03.08.02 Gelsemium. “Festooning shrubs and forming faux crowns for medium-sized trees, Gelsemium sempervirens vines prop their showers of blossoms along byways.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdfS95EM/ 

2022.03.08.03 Ilex vomitoria berries. “Why are there so many fruit left on the Ilex vomitoria? Is it this roadside site, or a surfeit of available resources, or some unsuitable feature?”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSsmq9/ 

2022.03.09.01 Avalon Landing RV Park.  “Back in the Panhandle. Today we hope to get to the house, look over more than 2 months of mail, clean the trailer, and prepare for 3 lectures..”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSbYAm/ 

2022.03.12.01 Carolyne Lacy.  “Carolyne Lacy, Huntington Gardens volunteer & lifelong stage performer delights us during a Garden tour on St. Pat’s day, 2016, “When Irish Eyes Are Smiling.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdfSnaAc/ 

2022.03.14.01 SGI State Park Vaccinium. “A compact Vaccinium in full flower on St. George Island (near Apalachicola). Note the narrow, longish urceolate corolla, with a tiny fringe made by the 5 lobes.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdfScdn6/ 

2022.03.14.02 SGI State Park Ilex vomitoria flower buds.  “Ilex vomitoria coming into flower – probably a male plant. Remember these Ilex are dioecious- bearing pollinate and pistillate flowers in separate plants..”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdfSWVvf/ 

2022.03.14.03 SGI State Park  Cirsium horridulum. “Cirsium horridulum, Horrid or Bull Thistle, is said to be native to the Eastern US, though it behaves like an invasive weed. As a daisy, you’ll know this is a head of flowers.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSXasQ/

2022.03.14.04 SGI State Park Rubus.  “In this Rubus flower, partially obscured by stamens, you still can see the globular green pistils with their long green styles..”  https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdfSoUqU/ 

2022.03.14.05 SGI State Park Poison Ivy flowers.  “People have differing levels of reaction to Poison Ivy – thankfully, I show very little response to brushing against stems and foliage. and I did scrub down with water and sand from an adjacent puddle..”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSc4La/ 

2022.03.14.06 SGI State Park Oak male catkins.  “An oak comes into flower – so far I found no female flowers, but will check the tree again to see if any can be found.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdfSsgAX/ 

2022.03.14.07 SGI State Park Myrica cerifera flowers. “Yesterday at the State Park, St George Island. Myrica is in bloom, and these are pollen-bearing flowers (male). The pistillate flowers are typically borne on separate plants. “  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSbue5/ 

2022.03.15.01 Tallahassee Nursery Ficus & Variegation.  “Variegated foliage is all the rage in houseplants, and this shop at Tallahassee Nursery does not disappoint. Note details of Ficus node & leaf structure.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSw9Xn/ 

2022.03.15.02 Tallahassee WalMart west PL, Crepe Murder.  “Some call it ’crepe murder’.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdfSxnDV/ 

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