TikTok Index for July 2021

2021.07.01.01. White Oak (Quercus alba), with its ropy peeling bark, at Wakulla Springs “The lodge and beach at Wakulla Springs State Park are a true blast from the past – relicts of an ancient natural past and mid-century US culture” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdu8mLEQ/

2021.07.01.02 A swimming hole at Wakulla Springs, with a prominent display of Taxodium “knees” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdu8DDQX/

2021.07.01.03. Quercus michauxii, showing its very oak-like characters “Quercus mixhauxii – Swamp Chestnut Oak, showing its clustered terminal buds, and developing acorns. (Wakulla Springs lodge)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdu89FHV/

2021.07.01.04. Tallahassee Nursery “Tallahassee Nursery, a premium site for harden plants for high end, fine garden plants, offering a broad, curated selection of possibilities” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdu8CXS1/

2021.07.01.05. The Hardy Mallow hybrid selection named ‘Airbrush Effect’ https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdu8kDng/

2021.07.01.06. A range of beautiful Hardy Mallow selections “In the 1970s, early hybrids of “Hardy Hibiscus” were introduced by Robert Darby (Maryland), with hybridization efforts becoming international (Japan)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdu83sF6/

2021.07.01.07. Cleome, showing its stalked pistil and clawed petals “Cleome has a really neat, stalked pistil, i.e. the pistil forms on a stalk, high above other flower parts, reminding us of Caper flowers and fruit” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdu83PBL/

2021.07.01.08 Platycodon grandiflorum “The inflated buds give Platycodons their name as Balloon Flowers, but the five lightly-joined anthers tell us this is related to Lobelia and Campanula” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMduLaLpv/

2021.07.01.09. Illicium pauciflorum at Wakulla Springs “Illicium parviflorum flowers hold characteristics botanists associate with the earliest flowering plants, as the “I” of ANITA, an acronym for this idea” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMduLMno2/

2021.07.01.10. Fagus grandifolia and shrub of Illicium at Wakulla Springs “Such incredible woody plants at Wakulla Springs – not just Oaks and Basswoods, but also Fagus grandifolia and Illicium…” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMduLAuRT/

2021.07.01.11. Tilia in flower and fruit “There are about 30 species of Tilia native to Europe and America. The European species (Lindens) were used extensively by artists.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMduL2XJs/

2021.07.01.12. The Arboretum effect surrounding the Lodge at Wakulla Springs “The surrounds of the Wakulla Springs lodge constitute a sweet arboretum of relictual native forest trees” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMduLujgQ/

2021.07.01.13 Knowing beans “Phaseolus vulgaris (beans) are from the Americas, where native gardeners teased these promising fruit and seed from their wild predecessors” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCnTAwR/

2021.07.01.14 Knowing beans 2 “Other important species of Phaseolus are the Lima Bean (P. lunatus) and the Red Runner (P. coccineus) – both American natives” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCnbxY2/

2021.07.02.01 Partridge Pea “Introducing Partridge Pea, a quietly successful herb in the bean family #pea #wildflowers #floridaman” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCnbcrS/

2021.07.02.02 Partridge Pea “Chamaecrista (Partridge) Pea) is an annual of meadows and waysides that flowers most of the warm season. Each blossom bears five large petals” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCnvS6x/

2021.07.02.03 Partridge Pea “Closer in on the Partridge Pea flower, we see the green pistil (which bears a stigma at its tip), the several anthers, and the unequal petals” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCWLpRx/

2021.07.02.04 Partridge Pea ?No pollen, No peas…. #pea #pollination #flowerkiss” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCnpu2D/

2021.07.02.05 Partridge Pea “A fresh flower of Partridge Pea” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCn3Ncc/

2021.07.02.06 Partridge Pea “Hoping to find published accounts of Partridge Pea pollination that explain the asymmetric positioning of the petal facing the anthers” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCncPqd/

2021.07.02.07 Partridge Pea “The Partridge Pea pistil may be simple and easy to miss, but it is the floral focus- that pistil becomes the fruit, the pea pod. #pollination #peahttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCnpogv/

2021.07.02.08 Asclepias perennis Sequential development of inflorescences (umbels) in Asclepias perennis – a swamp milkweed. #umbels  #nativeplantshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCn35rR/

2021.07.02.09 Partridge Pea “Partridge Pea pollination studies, published by Wolfe and Estes in 1992, discuss the role of the cupped petal – the “cucullus” #pollinationhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCnKb38/

2021.07.02.10 Asclepias perennis “Asclepias perennis architecture will be replicated from one plant to the other. You should be able to predict growth based on simple observations.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdCnofNK/

2021.07.02.11 Carya glabra near Carabelle, FL. “Pignut Hickory at the edge of a deep sands formation only yards from a marsh…. An astonishing juxtaposition. #franklinflora #carya #hickoryhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7Sbgd/

2021.07.03.01 Illustrations from VPS, Radford, Dickison, Massey, & Bell, leaf tips https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7RAef/

2021.07.03.02 Illustrations from VPS, Radford, Dickison, Massey, & Bell, Leaf tips https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7RYc8/

2021.07.03.03 Illustrations from VPS, Radford, Dickison, Massey, & Bell, leaf tips https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7UR9J/

2021.07.03.04 Illustrations from VPS, Radford, Dickison, Massey, & Bell, leaf tips. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7FaVV/

2021.07.03.05 Tomatoes “The Tomato – a model of “sympodial” growth – in which a stem flowers, but generates fresh growth through giving vegetative leadership to a side bud” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7uQqN/

2021.07.03.06 Tomatoes  “Tomato stems show a somewhat zig-zag character due to their symposial lifestyle #tomato #growthhttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7ATVj/

2021.07.03.07 Tomatoes “Plants make trichomes (“hairs”) that are truly cellular. You are looking at thin protrusions of living epidermal cells. #trichomeshttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7jCo9/

2021.07.05.01 Illustrations from VPS, Radford, Dickison, Massey, & Bell, solid shapes https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7ADRc/

2021.07.05.02 Illustrations from VPS, Radford, Dickison, Massey, & Bell, Fruit types https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7Lxjv/

2021.07.05.03 Butterfly Pea, Centrosema, Lynnhaven “Centrosema virginiana is a lovely native legume in which the flowers develop with the large petal pointing downward- a pea with a difference” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7Ma9V/

2021.07.05.04 Parthenocissus sympodial growth, in Lynn Haven, FL. “The Grape family shows sympodial growth. Here with Parthenocissus, each segment regenerates the stem leader” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7A9o7/

2021.07.06.01 Coleus is distichous – Thomas Browne coined that term, and hundreds of others “As a member of the mint family, Coleus produces square stems – which relate to the 90 degree offset of leaf pairings. We say they’re ‘decussate'” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7BsUQ/

2021.07.06.02. Storm Elsa calling card. “The pine and palm canopy begins to flex with sudden arrival of wind and a first band of clouds – calling cards from Elsa for fols near Apalachicola” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7HJY6/

2021.07.07.01.  Morning after no storm. “Breezy, but pleasant here in Apalachicola – on the west side of Elsa (1st hurricane of 2021). But it’s Florida weather, in which dramatic changes are the order of the day.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC73F3e/

2021.07.07.01. Yucca flowers at the beach “Yucca, a relative of Agave, has a superior ovary, which means you’ll find the pistil completely inside the flower – accompanied by 6 white stamens” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7tLUa/

2021.07.07.02. Yucca and beach access. “A brief walk to the St George beach, which is rife with native plants and animals – beautifully, ecologically exciting” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7xUM4/

2021.06.07.03 Agave stalk “We describe flowering and fruiting in the context of a life cycle, but for this Agave rosette, it’s a one way street.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7Qt36/

2021.06.07.014 Agave flower “Versatile anthers are attached (and hinged) to their filament at a midpoint, meaning that versatile anthers also move readily.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC79bDS/

2021.07.07.05 Agave weberi flower dissection ls “Agave flower dissections (long sections) showcasing the prominence of stamens and the inferior ovary” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7txtW/

2021.07.07.06. Agave weberi flower dissection xs “Cross-sections of a mature Agave bud, showing ovules in the three carpels that constitute the ovary – tucked into the peduncle (stalk)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4CcCTx/

2021.07.07.07 Agave weberi flower dissection – retake “Agave bud serial cross-sections, Take 2…. Showing attachment of ovules along placental ridges running down each carpel (each fertile leaf)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7oYgH/

2021.07.07.08 Agave weberi flower dissection anther “Agave anthers that have matured and opened (we say “dehisced”) as compared to fully-grown but not yet mature anthers” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdC7C9pV/

2021.07.08.01 Polypremum procumbens and a world of mysteries “A sweetly modest plant with minuscule white flowers, this roadside herb, Polypremum procumbens, is a commonly ignored Southeast native.https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4CwjXP/

2021.07.08.02 Uniola paniculata pollen “Anthers mature on Uniola paniculata, casting pollen to the wind….” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4X5Qcx/

2021.07.08.03 Uniola paniculata pollen “Looking at the male parts (anthers) spewing their pollen to the wind – take two” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XHLwV/

2021.07.08.04 Uniola paniculata pollen “Another take on Sea Oats – just anthers showing at this stage.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4X2Cfe/

2021.07.08.05 Kosteletzkya floral dissection “Kosteletskya, a near relative of Hibiscus, allows us to showcase the floral structure in a long section – focusing on the androphore and pistil” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4X6UkJ/

2021.07.08.06 Kosteletzkya bud and mature fruit “Pre- and post-flowering stages of Kosteletskyahttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4Xx9NS/

2021.07.08.07 “A ‘Bush Goliath’ tomato matures, showing the crown of sepals and the residual corpse of the stamens. Botanically, a tomato is a berry.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XjtdM/

2021.07.09.01 Lily capsule next door “Lilium in fruit. It produces a 3-chambered (3-carpellate) capsule that dries and splits along structural suture lines” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XQ6vU/

2021.07.09.02 “Lantana camara (or L. strigocamara) hanging out on the road shoulder in St. George” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XSHut/

2021.07.09.03 Lantana camara (or L. strigocamara) https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XYmnD/

2021.07.09.04 “Ipomoea hederifolia – hang in there fir the last segment in thigmotropism…sorry it is so long!!!”https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XUADk/

2021.07.09.05 TradescantiaTradescantia (in the Commelina family) produces magnificent trichomes along its staminal filaments – get hold of a hand lens to enjoy these things” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XmDjR/

2021.07.09.06 Rosemary “Rosemarinus, or Salvia…. Call it what you must, but “remember” it’s still a mint with the common name of Rosemary” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XUkEn/

2021.07.09.07 Seedlings of Ipomoea “Germination shows the fully-expanded seed leaves (cotyledons) that are always characteristically distinctive fro mature foliage” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4X6p6T/

2021.07.09.08 “Commelina flowers are simply, and botanically, perfect” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XjMD6/

2021.07.09.09 Kosteletzkya redux, next day flowers “Stages in the Kosteletzkya drama – or perhaps it is a ballet.”https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XADUb/

2021.07.09.10 Cynanchum lineare fruit at the Reserve. “Mature fruit are beginning to develop on the Asclepias-relative Cynanchum lineare. This heavily dependent vine has its own formula for success.”https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XMMXe/

2021.07.09.11 Eupatorium mikanioides on SGI, edge of marsh. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4X6vAQ/

2021.07.10.01 Gloriosa in Apalachicola “The glory of Gloriosa Lilies. Note the twining mechanism is the leaf tip, and get a look at the green, 3-branches style with 3 stigmas. Unbelievable” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XfLsS/

2021.07.10.02 Sabatia dodecandra in ANF “Hot pink Sabatia dodecandra flowers float loosely in their green surrounds, often reflected in temporary pools of standing water” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XYamS/

2021.07.10.03 Zigadenus glaberrimus in ANF “We have little choice but imagine the Zigadenus glands relate to pollen movement from downward curving anthers – parallel to the Passiflora mechanism.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XYnm1/

2021.07.10.04 Sarracenia purpurea on ANF road shoulder “Meeting grounds of Sarracenias, in Apalachicola National Foresthttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XYAeF/

2021.07.10.05 Platanthera chapmanii first sighting of buds “First sighting of maturing Platanthera chapmanii in Liberty County, FL” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4Xh9qb/

2021.07.10.06 Platanthera chapmanii second sighting of developing flower stalks “2nd sighting of the native orchid Platanthera chapmanii, (in bud, nearing anthesis)- it’s specifies name honoring Alvan W. Chapman of Apalachicola” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XYDBS/

2021.07.10.07 Sarracenia flavaSarracenia flava, the most visibly-handsome pitcherplant native to Apalachicola National Forest, here in the FL Panhandle” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4X2Qko/

2021.07.10.08 Drosera tracyi south of Hosford “Acres of Drosera tracyi carpet road shoulders in the northern reaches of Apalachicola National Forest – regenerating leaves quickly after mowing” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XQacX/

2021.07.10.09 Begonia at Tallahassee Nursery “Begonias are dioecious – each plant with two kinds of flowers. “Male” flowers bear pollen only, while “female” flowers are pistil-packin-mamas” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4X5Fyj/

2021.07.10.10 Hibiscus coccineus At Tallahassee Nursery “The FL native Hibiscus coccineus has remarkable capacity to tolerate saltwater. The red spatulate petals show beautifully against broad green sepals” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XaEcB/

2021.07.10.11 Coleus at Tallahassee Nursery “Coleus bring great colors to summer landscapes in warm, humid areas – even if they are somewhat square” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XDn2y/

2021.07.10.12 Pentas with insect visitors Tallahassee Nursery “Pentas (in the Coffee family) must yield some great rewards. In a nursery of bountiful flowers, the Pentas draws the crowd”https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4X6SyK/

2021.07.10.13 Hymenocallis in Eastpoint “Hymenocallis – just one more moment of adoration” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XxPnh/

2021.07.10.14 Hymenocallis in Eastpoint https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd4XHmJf/

2021.07.11.01 Portulaca pilosaPortulaca pilosa, native to the Americas (perhaps introduced here). Soft, relatively long axillary trichomes give the plant its species name” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdVYEqkQ/

2021.07.11.02 Dionaea muscipula  “The trap of a Venus Flytrap is a truly special leaf tip that develops with amazing structure and capabilities – trapping and “digesting” tiny insects” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdV2hHmD/

2021.07.11.03 Tate’s Hell State Forest Dwarf Cypress Boardwalk https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdV2eVPE/

2021.07.11.04 Taxodium female cones “Maturing female cones of Taxodium along the boardwalk in Tate’s Hell Dwarf Cypress Swamp” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdV2hHSt/

2021.07.11.05 Taxodium, Cyrilla, and Fraxinus caroliniana at the Boardwalk https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdVYEY9e/

2021.07.11.06 Utricularia and Nymphaea odorata https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdV21kkt/

2021.07.11.07 Teucrium canadense flower and bee visitation “Teucrium canadense populates road shoulders in Tate’s Hell State Forest, where Bombus bees take full advantage of rewards they offer.”

2021.07.12.01 Visiting a wholesale Nursery:  “A visit to Lisenby’s wholesale nursery in Panama City Beach”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdVx73T6/

2021.07.12.02 Eureka lemons with thorns: “This Eureka lemon, as with many citrus, develops axillary thorns that are more prominent in juvenille growth phases. Thorns are branches with points”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdVQdB6N/

2021.07.12.03. Hibiscus syriacus:  “Althea (Hibiscus syriacus) can take the heat. Probably truly native to China, European s first encountered this plant in Syria”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdVx35uy/

2021.07.12.04. Russelia: “Due to its arching form, Russelia equisetiformis (Firecracker Plant) is great for elevated planting (planters, slopes, & hanging baskets).”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdVQh8CK/

2021.07.12.05 Tibochina and the Melastomes: “A typical Melastome, Tibochina has the strongly-veined leaves and “geniculate” anthers common in its relatives”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdVxKM9v/

2021.07.12.06 Podocarpus macrophyllus: “Though kept at waist-height as an untidy shrub, this Podocarpus macrophyllus has still managed to produce a bumper crop of seed.’  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdVQFD3e/

2021.07.12.07. More Podocarpus macrophyllus: “Just one more glance at the seed of Podocarpus macrophyllus – remembering these are Gymnosperms, not flowering plants”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdVQNQhm/

2021.07.13.01 VPS Radford et al inflorescence sex: “A useful yet arcane aspect of descriptive botany is the assembly of words that describe complex structures – but a picture is worth a thousand”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdqjojrp/

2021.07.13.02 VPS Radford et al inflorescence sex: “Expanding rationale and construction of botanical terminology related to inflorescences”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdq6JLsX/

2021.07.13.03 Lonicera sempervirens and perfoliate leaves: “The Eastern native, Lonicera sempervirens, bears perfoliate leaves and yields bright coral, tubular flowers popular with hummingbirds”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdq6ewEG/

2021.07.14.01 “Land of perennial perpetual persistent perception”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGTkdQ8/

2021.07.14.02 Hibiscus ’Spinderella’ – showcasing the differences between adaxial and abaxial leaf surfaces:”Hibiscus ‘Spinderella’ – a hardy hybrid. Note the top a a leaf is the “adaxial” surface, while the lower surface is “abaxial””  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdqMSmfR/

2021.07.14.03 Brunnichia ovata in Apalachicola: “Brunnichia ovata (Vining Buckwheat has the geschaldt associated with the Polygonaceae – leaf shape, slightly jointed stems, and sepal-augmented fruit” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdph96Ff/

2021.07.14.04 Elderberry, developing fruit in Apalachicola: “Developing fruit of Elderberry – the purple stem brings shades of Elderberry wine” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdphKn9u/ 

2021.07.14.05 more on Brunnichia: “One more thing – about Brunnichia ovata….” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkdeJj/

2021.07.14.06 Air Potato vine: “Herbivory of Air Potato Vine (Dioscorea bulbifera) leaves by the introduced Air Potato Beetle” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkrdPG/

2021.07.14.07 Air Potato beetle: “Introducing the Air Potato Beetle (Liliociris chenii), in it’s red-coated splendor”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkL9sp/

2021.07.14.08 “Ipomoea cairica has become widely distributed around the world. Native to the Old World, it is successful in a range of habitats” Ipomoea cairica has become widely distributed around the world. Native to the Old World, it is successful in a range of habitats” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdphT6EN/

2021.07.14.09 Cicuta, the native Poison Hemlock: “Cicuta is the native Poison Hemlock, nearly indistinguishable from the Old World Conium (which is the Hemlock said to have poisoned Socrates)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkrF85/

2021.07.14.10.  Cattails near Apalachicola marina:”Cattails (Typha) headed toward maturity – each of the thousands of tiny flowers having made a 1-seeded follicle that matures crowded with its sisters” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkhxUh/

2021.07.14.11 Venus Flytrap closing mechanism: “The remarkable Venus Flytrap – see the TimeLine in my free AppleBook (A Botanical Reader) for more on the history of this curious plant”

2021.07.15.01. “Coccoloba uvifera (Seagrape) is a popular ornamental shrub for coastal landscapes (an American native). It’s dioecious; only female plants make seed.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkMQdQ/

2021.07.15.02. Palm meristem emerging leaves:”Palms develop a special apical meristem large enough to produce the entire gauge of the trunk – it is a remarkable form of primary growth”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkAvDs/

2021.07.15.03   Crinum clump, developing fruit: “Encountering mature inferior fruit of Crinum”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpk4GaT/

2021.07.15.04. Micania and Eupatorium micanioides:  “Certain “endings” in Latinized plant names indicate relationships- “oides” infers resemblance; “ifera” suggests bearing or producing” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkgsdc/

2021.07.16.01 Tomato fruit: “It’s morning in tomato-land, and we’re following the development of some fruit (i.e. some berries), which confirms the old anthers remain”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkgbhp/

2021.07.16.02 Turtle crawls: “Intermission to appreciate a sea turtle crawl on St. George island State Park beach”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkXVpo/

2021.07.16.02. Atriplex: “Known anciently in Mediterranean cultures as Atriplex as well as by the related term Orach, these salt bushes are related to the Amaranths” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkK6QA/

2021.07.16.03 Ipomoea imperati seedlings: “Though very floriferous, Ipomoea imperati seedlings appear spotily, suggesting seed set requires effective pollinators, which may not be commonplace.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpBR6nB/

2021.07.16.04. Strophostyles flower: “Got it! Utilizing the app Picture This, this pea IDs as Strophostyles helvola the Fuzzybean….”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpBNQaa/

2021.07.16.05. Ipomoea imperati fruit: “PS – images of mature fruit of Ipomoea imperati – evidence of fruit set success at this location” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpktdbL/

2021.07.16.06. Magnolia grandiflora fruiting structure, Apalachicola: “Magnolia grandiflora in its native climate, just another tree in town – but what a tree!” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpkKbPX/

2021.07.16.07. Cycas recoluta female cone, Apalachicola: “A female plant of Cycas revoluta, sometimes called Sago Palm, though cycads and palms a very distant evolutionary and distinct structurally”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpB44EJ/

2021.07.16.08. Sycamore tree, nice: “Eastern Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) can reach the greatest dbh (diameter breast height) of any tree native to Eastern North America”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpB6vHe/

2021.07.17.01 Agalinus flowering in yard showing nectar guides: “A peak bloom for Agalinus adjacent to our home – beautiful details in the corolla vestiture and nectar guides…” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGc1QL9/

2021.07.17.02 Pines on the Island: “Comparing Pinus elliottii (Slash Pine) to Pinus clausa (Sand Pine), we see consistent structure with short stems (fascicles) bearing green needles”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpBSgkW/

2021.07.17.03. Vitis rotundifolia (Muscadine grapes): “Native grapes (called Muscadines or Scuppernongs) make nice fruit grown mostly for private use”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpBD4TS/

2021.07.17.04. Callicarpa developing fruit:  “American Beauty Berry fruit are nearly mature, but still green.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGcDSML/

2021.07.17.05. “Asparagus ‘Fern’ is no fern at all…. It is a flowering plant that makes fruit, like it’s close relative we eat that make our urine smell peculiar” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpBcycr/

2021.07.17.06. “Euphorbia cyathophora shows us the complex inflorescence type termed a cyathium – with its “naked” flowers.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpBGDQS/

2021.07.18.01. Venus flytrap and tree frogs: “Venus and the Frog…. Tree frogs are hanging out in the pot with my Flytrap, but it gives some scale and opportunity to look at developing leaves”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpBvtPn/

2021.07.18.02. Venus flytrap and frog and leaf development: “2nd episode of Venus and the Frog – failed entrapment. The leaf I closed will reopen in a few hours; they recover from being tricked.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpB7kbT/

2021.07.18.03. Pine needle development: “Slash Pine (Pinus elliottii), the common pine along the FL coast and barrier islands, gives us the chance to explore how pines develop needles.” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpBnPAV/

2021.07.18.04 Pine cone and seed development, Pinus elliottii: “In pines, ovules (which become seed) are borne on scales, not in pistils (which are one or more leaves enclosing ovules).”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdpBsLcQ/

2021.07.18.05 Campsis radicans on palm in Apalachicola: “The native Bignoniaceous vine Campsis radicans roots along its stems (hence the name “radicans” which refers to roots)” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdsMB2SU/

2021.07.19.01 Sagittaria population along road on SGI: “A roadside wetland packed with magnificent plants of Sagittaria– probably S. isoitiformis. Beautiful terete leaves with basal horizontal striations” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdskHTPW/

2021.07.19.02 Sagittaria male (staminate) and female (pistillate) flowers: “Sagittaria, showing both male and female flowers.”https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdsYT79q/

2021.07.19.03 “Slash pine autopsy: Slash Pine autopsy – much of the past life of a tree is baked into the wood layers (annual rings, plumbing and support) formed each growing season” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMds2XXQM/

2021.07.19.04 A white-flowered Agalinus:  “A white-flowered Agalinus shows up on our yard – the kind of variation that allows plant breeders to develop a range of flower coloration..  An appropriate flowering on Mendel’s birthday”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdskbME6/

2021.07.20.01 Keying out Sabatia stellaris:  “Using a dichotomous key to identify Sabatia stellaris – check out the recap in the next video” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGYTdHX/

2021.07.20.02  Characteristics of Sabatia stellaris: “2nd act – a closer look at the Sabatia stellaris flower to wrap our minds around the “key” characters”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGYXHWK/

2021.07.20.03  Sabatia stellaris floating flowers “Sabatia stellaris- Beauty afloat – my own little Rose Parade (without roses)”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGYCYPF/

2021.07.20.04 Happy Birthday Gregor Mendel: “Happy Birthday, Gregor Mendel. Where (or at least, when) would modern science have developed without you?”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGaJQtS/

2021.07.20.05 Erythrina herbacea (Coral Bean) serving as a dune stabilizer:  “Erythrina herbacea, a lovely yet dangerous legume that can be a coastal dune stabilizer. It has gorgeous, trifoliate leaves” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGa2cXa/

2021.07.20.06 Cenchrus as an ornamental plant: “The sharply handsome face of Sandspurs – perhaps some hybridizing and selection could yield a great mascot for a San Antonio basketball team…” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGaMoK7/

2021.07.21.01 “Ruellia simplex, one of many cultivated plants in this genus, in fact in this family (Acanthaceae). It thrives in Florida, to the point of escaping” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdG719Tv/

2021.07.21.02 Ruellia simplex, not related to Petunia “Though folks call this Ruellia a Mexican or Peruvian Petunia, know it has little relationship to real Petunias, which are related to Tobacco” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdG78x6W/

2021.07.21.03 “Vitis aestivalis (Summer Grape) intertwining with Vitis rotundifolia (Muscadine) – showcasing the two leaf patterns” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGWKHQN/

2021.07.21.04 “Vitis rotundifolia– describing characters that help botanists distinguish one species from another” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGWnAcC/

2021.07.21.05 Quercus pumila: “Running Oak (Quercus pumila) roots along trailing branches (to the point of being rhizomatous, making for a common shrubby layer in sandy soils”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGWnwbG/

2021.07.21.06 “Rhus copallina leaves are pinnate, with recurrent tissue along the rachis – making it ‘winged’” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGWoxBA/

2021.07.21.07 Tradescantia ohiensis: “A Common Spiderwort (probably Tradescantia ohiensis) with its 3 azure blue petals 6 bright yellow stamens atop trichome-laden filaments”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdGWKSYG/

2021. A scrub oak:  “Wonderful revelations – encountering a small evergreen oak I have never seen before“ https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdtBUL72/

2021.07.22.01 Platanthera chapmanii, a rare native orchid pollinated by lovely large butterflies. This orchid is likely derived from a natural hybrid. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdnfgXns/

2021.07.22.02 Cuscuta in ANF: There are several native (and two introduced) Dodders in Florida. Classified as Cuscuta, they are flowering plants in the Morning Glory family. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdnfTLFu/

2021.07.22.03 Bogs and water table in ANF: Given the shallow water table, minor variation in soil depth can make for startling differential impact on vegetation in Apalachicola National Forest https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdnfoVk7/

2021.07.22.04 Marshallia ornaments the land: Marshallia (a member of the Aster family with disk flowers only) brings a festive air to the pine flatwoods https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdnfWKh9/

2021.07.22.05 Xyris flowers bear 3 stamens and 3 “staminodia” – sterile stamens that bear the long trichomes https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdnfHk8w/

2021.07.22.06 Silphium compositum as compared to the head of an artichoke – recommending only artichoke involucral bracts as safe to consume…(not Silphium) https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdnfMvg7/

2021.07.22.07  Phoebanthus: It’s actually pronounced Fee-banthus, but folks here in the Panhandle prefer to say “Fo-banthos”….this is the endemic P. tenuifolia. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdnfjV2b/

2021.07.22.08. Plumbago auriculata, native to the Cape region of South Africa, does not appear stout or resilient, but this is one tough and adaptable plant https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdnfrDo8/

2021.07.22.09. Hibiscus aculeatus: Yet another native Hibiscus, the most commonly-encountered H. aculeatus – with its evident style and stigmatic lobes https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdnf4M1A/

2021.07.23.01 Following up on Floating Sabatia flowers: Sabatia stellaris flowers floating into their 4th day https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdnH2c2G/

2021.07.23.02 Campsis radicans floral dissection: Dissecting flowers of Campsis radicans, which are “complete” (having all parts) and therefore also “perfect” (having both stamens and pistils) https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdnHmY55/

2021.07.23.03 Conradina canescens: Like many mints, flowers of Conradina canescens flowers are well-structured for bee visitation and pollination – with a lower petal as a landing place https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdWAB1Dh/

2021.07.23.04 Physalis: Check out the fruit in a 6/15 post. One comment on that post related to an important Physalis consumed in Peru. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdWAjvac/

2021.07.24.01 Commelina erecta is a soft native herb (related to the Wandering Jewels) with 1 reduced and 2 showy petals, 4 fertile stamens and 2 staminodia  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdWA8Rsn/

2021.07.24.02 Strophostyles helvola: A pea, Strophostyles helvola, bears solitary flowers physically distant from others of tha same breed. The style and keel twist up and back https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdWAupQy/

2021.07.24.03 Gaillardia seeds itself along edges, generating heads of dark disk flowers and candy corn colored rays, https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdWABsh3/

2021.07.24.04 Galphimia (an anagram of Malpighia) has secondarily-simplified inflorescences (i.e. its ancestors had more complex branching). https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdWA5uRw/

2021.07.24.05 Mentha spicata (Spearmint) flourishing in a tub in Carrabelle. The small white flowers are crowded into terminal spikes. It’s a tetraploid!!! https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdWAMpJ1/

2021.07.25.01 Tradescantia: A closer look into a Tradescantia flower, showing the green ovary with its blue style, topped by the white, globular pistil – ready for pollination https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SYME8/ 

2021.07.25.02 Tradescantia addendum, simply to ensure we are all together on the parts of a “complete” flower: sepals, petals, stamens, & pistils https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SuvWb/

2021.07.25.03 Vasculum: Three peas with three different pods… gathering thoughts on legumes https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SPQo7/

2021.07.25.04 Desmodium – a plant with sticky fruit, explosive stamens, and other surprising features… https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SBoQ4/

2021.07.25.05 Desmodium addendum: A bit more detail on the exploding stamens of Desmodium https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SY5xf/

2021.07.25.06 Roadside treasure: The world is full of tiny flowers, each with a biology and a history. Nature is infinitely engrossing, and plants are ultimately captivating https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SQBVj/

2021.07.25.07 Platanthera chapmanii population: A plentious population of the otherwise rare Platanthera chapmanii – so common along this stretch of roadway, yet unseen along another 100 miles. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7ShhKV/

2021.07.25.08 Asclepias connivens for sure and certain – an inordinately large and unusual flower, even among such curious relatives https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SAcnv/

2021.07.25.09 Elephantopus: A handsome but horticulturallly-ignored composite, Elephantopus thrives in some challenging locations, Elephantfoot is a delight to encounter. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SBQTd/

2021.07.25.10 Liatris: A mighty tall Liatris comes into flower in Apalachicola- with discreet heads of purple disk flowers that merge into linear sparklers https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SvmPH/

2021.07.25.11 Stokesia laevis: Stokesia, a monotypic genus (= has only 1 species), blurs normally clear boundaries between ray and disk flowers in Composites https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SXHsv/

2021.07.25.01 Scoparia: A common, introduced roadside herb, Scoparia montevidensis flowers are a tiny show, with 4 petals, 4 stamens, 1 green pistil, and a shock of trichomes https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7Sj66x/

2021.07.25.02 Rhododendron: Take two – once I checked the keys and decided this is probably Rhododendron alabamense – white flowers with 5 stamens https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SSHMy/

2021.07.25.03 Rhidodendron: This shrub keys out as Rhododendron alabamense (white-flowered) rather than the pink-flowered R. austrinum. Wonderful!!! https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SStKf/

2021.07.25.04 Rhexia: Here’s a Rhexia, a beautiful Melastome. This one is either R. aliphanus or R. marianna – will investigate further https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SrPBm/

2021.07.25.05 Sassafras: A seedling Sassafras shows the variable leaf shapes we associate with the plant – from elliptical to simply but variously lobed. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SSf6M/

2021.07.25.06 Understory diversity: Pine flatwoods forests, places of variety, complexity, color and balance that rival planted gardens for composition and texture https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7Sfa7s/

2031.07.25.07 Rhexia: A closer examination of the lovely and crazily exotic flowers of Rhexia https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7Aa1UC/ 

2021.07.25.08 Centrosema, the Butterfly Pea, is fairly similar to Clitoria (called Pigeonwings), both having large, lovely flowers with the standard below the keel https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SrXw5/

2021.07.26.09 Clethra flowers hold many secrets, such as an inversion that marks the final stage of anther development – sadly, the secrets are behind a “pay wall” https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SFoHY/

2021.07.25.10 DYC: A roadside DYC (damned yellow composite) for determination- but this one has so many distinctive features, it should be a cinch. But it isn’t..  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMd7SrPAd/

2021.07.27.01 Agalinus lives by Banker’s hours – opening by 9:00, but with the doors firmly shut until that time… https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdvamCJ5/

2021.07.27.02 More Agalinus follow up… going natural. Our neighbors probably think we are slobs… https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdvaxxQ2/

2021.07.27.03 Orthosiphon aristatus (ortho=straight; siphon=a tube – describing the straight tubular corolla) is a mint native to Asia. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdvafVns/

2021.07.27.04 Bauhinia The Fabaceous (in the Legume family, the Fabaceae) genus Bauhinia is known for its exotic flowers. The name honors brothers Caspar and Jean Bauhin https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdvamjQT/

2021.07.27.05 Orthosiphon Posted simply to correct spelling of the specific name from a previous clip…. This is Orthosiphon aristatus (not aristarus), Cat’s Whiskers https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdvatUo7/

2021.07.27.06 Caladiums thrive in humid, warm climates, and are therefore excellent summer color plants for Southeastern gardeners, and unsuccessful in California https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdva6Fs7/

2021.07.27.07 Rhododendron serrulatum UPDATE!!! Not Rhododendron austrinum, and not R. alabamense. The correct name for this summer-flowering native azalea is Rhododendron serrulatum https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdva28mJ/

2021.07.28.01 Spanish moss at Ft. Wilderness Spanish Moss isn’t a “moss” – it’s a flowering plant related to pineapple and other bromeliads. In this video, we see its dried, capsular fruit https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdvaroBS/

2021.07.28.02 Russelia equisetiformis has “whorled” leaves, which leads to whorled architecture – several leaves and branches arising from each node https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdva8avj/

2021.07.28.03 Columnar Cananga Wow – a super-columnar form of ylang-ylang (Cananga odorata) – wait for the fruit, which are diagnostic for this family, the Annonaceae https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdv5EagF/

2021.07.28.04 Tibouchina (perhaps T. heteromalla) showcasing its beautifully-veined and silver-texture do foliage – among many species cultivated in warm regions https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdvaepyU/

2021.07.29.01 Silver Maple Checking out a maple tree in Disney’s Fr. Wilderness RV campground- looks to be Acer saccharinum – Silver Maple https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcwpLvc/

2021.07.29.02 Turnera difussa – note that plants in the “Turneraceae” are now recognized as members of the Passiflora family – not especially close to Malvaceae  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcw3W1A/

2021.07.29.03 Crinum asiaticum An Asiatic Crinum shows six incredible (and versatile – i.e. hinged, easily moved) stamens, and a short style https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcwt9Xr/

2021.07.29.04 Crinum asiaticum Another Asiatic Crinum, showing pure white color and recurved tepals https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcK18p5/

2021.07.29.05 Jatropha male flowers – Jatropha integerrima, a Euphorb with pollen-bearing flowers that have red petals and stamens. Pistillate flowers have a rather naked ovary https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdwCaDUm/s

2021.07.29.06 Jatropha female flowers – Finding Jatropha integerrima pistillate flowers https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdwCk3hL

2021.07.29.07 Caryota – Nice planting of the monocarpic Caryota palms in the Pandora fantasy landscape (after the movie Avatar) at Disney’s Animal Kingdom https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcwGgen/

2021.07.30.01 Hamelia at the Settlement – Hamelia patens, a widely-utilized shrub in the coffee family (Rubiaceae). “Patens” means “spreading” – but that could refer to the shrub, leaves, etc   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcwqVXG/

2021.07.30.02 Oncidium from Animal Kingdom – The orchid genus Oncidium has been split into several genera, but they share the doll-like appearance of their flowershttps://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcK1oY5/

2021.07.30.03 EPCOT The Land bromeliads – As epiphytes, Bromeliads make roots that functionai for attachment. Special trichomes on leaf surfaces take in water and nutrients https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcKJpKg/

2021.07.30.04 EPCOT Catharanthus hanging baskets – Hybridizers have generated highly useful horticultural selections that have edged Impatiens out of the mainstream for many uses https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcwbFkC/

2021.07.30.05 EPCOT Land ride pt 1 – Loving the crops on display in The Land at EPCOT – it’s bananas at the end https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcwtMbx/

2021.07.30.06 EPCOT Land ride pt 2 – At The Land, EPCOT- Hang in there to see the spiraling stems of tomatoes – pretty cool https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcw4JNn/

2021.07.30.07 EPCOT Land ride pt 3 – Third and final part of The Land boat ride at EPCOT. Herbs and edible flowers https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcwwhYQ/

2021.07.30.08 Vitex at EPCOT – Vitex agnus-castus (though I persist in saying “castee”) is also called Chaste tree, based on ancient belief it could help lower sexual urges https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcKRajg/

2021.07.30.09 Pagoda plant, Clerodendrum – Pagoda flower (one of many incredibly exotic Clerodendron species) creates long stamens that mature before the style and stigma – i.e. protandry https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcwK4sW/

2021.07.31.01 Zamia – Male and female cones, on different plants of course… Zamia, like other cycads, is dioecious https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcwVbv1/

2021.07.31.02 Lilium – A Lily similar to the commercial Easter Lily flowers in various seasons and areas of the US. In July we have this version – prob. Lilium longiflorum https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMdcwc9Me/

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