TikTok Index for April, 2022

2022.04.01.01 Black Medic.  “Let me know! I believe the three clover-like plants on my weedy St. George Island verges are Medicago lupulina (Black Medic, the small, prostrate plant with yellow flwrs), Melilotus indica (Sour Clover, a 1-2’ tall herb with racemes of small yellow flwrs), and Melilotus alba (White Sweet Clover, an herb reaching 3-4 feet)“   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwNdg5/

2022.04.01.02 Tradescantia mass flowering.  “Spiderwort (seemingly Tradescantia ohiensis) is a captivating herb, the genus named for famed gardener and natural history collector John Tradescant the Elder. and the species named for the Ohio region.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXwhvHm/

2022.04.01.03 Verbena halei on US 98.  “Verbenas (incl. the related genus Glandularia, with its salverform flowers), Clovers, Geraniums, etc. sparkle among flowering grasses in the spring road shoulder – awaiting the blade.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXwmBSX/

2022.04.02.01 Atriplex seedling.  “If you check back to 16 July last year in my postings, you’ll see how extensive these Atriplex seedlings should be in just over 3 months.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXwayEv/

2022.04.02.02  Ipomoea imperati.  “Ipomoea imperati begins to show growth as we approach early Summer. I don’t see seedlings, so my working assumption is that these Beach Morning Glories regenerate effectively from established plants that overwintered”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXw2KUJ/

2022.04.02.03 Bur clover.  “Yes! Bur Clover (Medicago polymorpha?) – But clearly NOT Black medic (Medicago lupulina). Yesterday’s plant may have been correct – see the next posting…“   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXw67np/

2022.04.02.04 Bur clover.  “Appealing to more experienced plants people to help me understand characters and habit that help to distinguish Medicago lupulina from Trifolium dubium – found material on the web, but will probably have to see specimens of both plants to set my mind straight”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwDmDm/

2022.04.03.01 Salix.  “Check out Chinese poetry, in which willow blow, I.e. the “talent of willow catkins,” relates to literary gifts or literary talent.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXw25qu/

2022.04.03.02 Utricularia inflata.   “Truly remarkable plants, these Utricularia inflata flowering stems are extensions of a much more complex underwater web of plant growth.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXw5Bqw/

2022.04.03.03 Clematis, Ashley Landing.  “Solitary flowers of Clematis crispa are like ornaments dangling in the boggy forest. Note botanists consider the showy lobes to be sepals. This Clematis was known to Linnaeus, who conferred the name.”    https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXwP1Sk/

2022.04.03.04 Sisyrinchium, Ashley landing.“Examining Sisyrinchium – note the stamens (3 pairs) clasping tightly around the style, which is just long enough to protrude from the pollen mass.


2022.04.03.05. Coreopsis nudata.  “Revisiting a spectacular population of Coreopsis nudata, Florida’s pink Coreopsis. Which has the unfortunate common name Georgia Tickseed – because seed of this group look somewhat like ticks (see also the origin of the name for the genus Ricinus)”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXw2hjD/

2022.04.03.06 Oak leaves.  “New foliage on what looks to be a “scrub” version of Quercus nigra – Water Oak. Lacking chlorophyll during first expansion, the leaves give premonitions of fall, when once again there is not chlorophyll, because it will have been dismantled and salvaged.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwDCP3/

2022.04.03.07 Vicia.  “Until someone gives feedback that helps me with a better ID, I’m calling this delicate but incredibly floriferous vine Vicia acutifolia – SAND VETCH. Note the main leaf vein terminates as a tendril”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXw9mNP/

2022.04.03.08 Smilax leaves.  “A common Smilax around Apalachicola, which makes leaves that are usually auriculate (rounded hastate) is variable as to degree of spiny-ness, length of the flowering peduncle, and growth habitat. Calling it Smilax auriculata”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwxFom/

2022.04.03.09 Smilax inflorescence.  “Smilax at our house is a taxonomic mess. Stay tuned for future arcane contention this and other plants.Smilax at our house is a taxonomic mess.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwUERX/

2022.04.03.10 Erigeron.  “A pretty herb (seemingly Southern Fleabane, Erigeron quercifolius) blankets patches of Panhandle road shoulders in March and April.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwSn16/

2022.04.05.01 Erigeron in Apalachicola.  “Not certain who owns this vacant mot (Bay Street in Apalachicola), but I’d love to go digging. I have a sense this plant is rhizomatous, and spreading from a single founding plant. Individuals along the margins are less crowded and significantly more vigorous than those closer to the center”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwDrdf/

2022.04.05.02 Erythrina.  “Despite being a somewhat scrubby shrub when in leaf, the native Erythrina herbacea makes a nice showing when in flower.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXw6YVM/

2022.04.05.03 Verbena halei.  “Many of the “tiny” flowers I’m attempting to identify and learn about are roadside weeds, such as this Verbena halei, a Texas native.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXwB7uM/

2022.04.05.04 Lyonia.  “Lyonia, named for Scottish plantsman and specialist in American flora John Lyon, has that typical urceolate Ericaceous flower type, producing dry capsular fruit.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwfaf2/

2022.04.05.05 Oak pollen.  “You’ll need to inspect emerging oak branches carefully to identify the bare pistils that will mature as acorns following pollination and fertilization by wind-borne pollen”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwUn4S/

2022.04.05.06 Turpentine.  “Slash Pine was a major resource for the Naval Stores industry, as a source of resin for extraction of turpentine that was used for wood preservation and treatment, and even for other purposes – like medical treatments”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXwUJ3t/

2022.04.06.01 Sysirinchium.  “Sisyrinchium angustifolium (a regional name for related plants called S. atlanticum further north) blankets mowed roadsides, suggesting the treatment and scheduling benefit their lifestyle.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXwmvmH/

2022.04.06.02 Medicago lupulina.  “Some clarification on the clover relative, Medicago lupulina – commonly called Black Medic. Note the cluster of curved fruit turn black at maturity.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwfrDt/

2022.04.0603 M. polymorpha. “And now we have some clarity on the other look-alikes. Until I learn otherwise, I’m pegging this very similar plant as the common Burr Clover, Medicago polymorpha. There are other possibilities, most prominently M. minima (which has entire stipules)”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXw67Pu/

2022.04.06.04 Comparison M. polymorpha w M. lupulina.  “And now we have some clarity on the other look-alikes. Until I learn otherwise, I’m pegging this very similar plant as the common Burr Clover, Medicago polymorpha. There are other possibilities, most prominently M. minima (which has entire stipules)”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwkMCe/

2022.04.07.01 Helianthus.   “The Golden Orb for Best All-Around goes to Helianthus debilis, the Beach Sunflower locally known as “Innocence”. This charming, low mounding near-shrub thrives on hind-dunes given over to housing, where it flowers year around.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwyrMA/

2022.04.07.02 Crepis. “Working through 3 different keys (Clewell; Wunderlin & Hansen; Weakley), no solution is completely satisfying – Youngia japonica or Crepis pulchra seeming possibilities. It wants to be a Sonchus or Lactuca, but is so delicate and lacks any caulking leaves”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXw6AyU/

2022.04.07.03 Lepidium.  “Thanks to jacobjernigan0 for help in identifying this little mustard. I thought it might be Capsella (Shepherd’s Purse), but Jacob convinced me this is the related genus Lepidium. Even when they fall on a wayside, these mustard seed survive”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwHWqj/

2022.04.08.01 Oenothera laciniata.  “Oenothera shows a branched stigma, but note the stigma only seems to open in older flowers – suggesting temporal differences between receptivity and pollen production”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwyTC4/

2022.04.09.01 Osmunda regalia.  “Regal, or Royal Fern, Osmunda regalis (spectabilis), is common in the wet habitats over on the mainland, but it’s a bit more uncommon to encounter such a beautifully developed specimen here on St George Island“   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwUauE/

2022.04.09.02 Marsh pan.  “Panning the view from this boardwalk path, you see the hind dune (the beach is just to the far side of that), the narrow sliver of forest, and the. The marsh that is part of the bay and the estuarine reserve”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXw5vgf/

2022.04.09.03 Cnidoscolus.  “Cnidoscolus stimulosus will send you flying for relief. The name, derived from Greek for “nettle thorn”, is well applied. It’s a New World genus of about 100 species”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXw9CE1/

2022.04.09.04 Oak pistils.  “A Live Oak rife with developing acorns at the State Park on St. George Island”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwxYkR/

2022.04.09.05 Smilax.  “Smilax showing two differing morphologies – one compact and densely branches, the other cane-like with extremely long tendrils. Boy produce inflorescences, but the compact growth is much more prolific in that regard”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXwukEh/

2022.04.09.06 Beach to Forest pan.  “Dune structure and plant establishment are well-studied and highly predictable for Coastal Plain barrier islands. The biology of Coastal Plain beaches is rich and fascinating”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwy8M6/

2022.04.09.07  Bird scat.  “Dewberries are beginning to ripen, so this might be Rubus seed. A simple comparison with samples could lead to conclusions, or you could plant the seed to see what comes up! Some biologists specialize in this, for ecological and for archaeological studies”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwjLLs/

2022.04.09.08 Tradescantia.  “Add Tradescantia ohiensis to your list of plants that flower synchronously. Their beautiful blue flowers last a single day only, but it’s easily observed that different plants over the island will all blossom the same day, while other days there’s not a flower to be seen”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXwFgv9/

2022.04.09.09  Erythrina herbacea.  “The native Erythrina is flowering along fence rows and edges around St. George Island. Note the pistil, with its green ovary (that becomes the bean, I.e. the legume), pink style, and pale stigma.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwNArc/

2022.04.10.01  Phlox near Tampa.   “Perennial garden Phlox are selected clones of the US prairie native, P. paniculata, which exemplifies derivation of the generic name from the Greek term for “flame.” Phlox drummondii (native to Texas) is a popular annual, often seeded along highways in Florida.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXwL7Q7/

2022.04.14.01  Spathodea, Grand Cayman.  “A windy encounter with African Tulip Tree (Spathodea campanulata), a spectacular Bignon -George Town, Grand Cayman”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwMYRy/

2022.04.15.01  Clusia, Grand Cayman.  “Clusia, with its opposite, leathery, obovate leaves that are apically truncate (not “basally”)”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwyJF4/

2022.04.15.02  Antigonon, Grand Cayman.  “Articles on Coral Vine (Antigonon) describe the pink parts as perianth (avoiding the term petal) – in that Polygonaceous plants usually lack “petals” – as defined by the position in which segments originate.”  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwmA9K/

2022.04.15.03  Anthuriums at Crossing, Belize.   “Visiting Belize (what a treat), we drove across the country to the Guatemalan border to experience a Mayan site, Xunantunich. A nifty trip, both as to plants and culture”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwUEDr/

2022.04.16.01  Amaryllis at Xuenantunich.  “I say Amaryllis (while this probably technically Hippeastrum), and wonder if this is one of the newer, more delicate cultivars, or something closer to a naturally-occurring form. Regardless, it’s lovely.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwu1W4/

2022.04.16.02  Swietenia, at  “A word of unclear origin, the wood and word Mahogany came to represent luxury and quality. The genus (Swietenia) honors Dutch physician Gerard van Swieten, who (as Physician to Maria Theresa) exposed the myth of vampires as “vain fear, superstitious credulity, dark and eventful imagination and simplicity and ignorance…””    https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXwSFCE/

2022.04.16.03  Swietenia leaves.  “The pinnately compound leaves of Mahogany, a tree related to the Chinaberry (Melia) that has been introduced over much of the warm-temperate US”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwSQgA/

2022.04.17.01  Russelia, Grand Cayman.  “Turns out Russelia equisetiformis is native to Mexico and Guatemala. No wonder it’s so gorgeous here in Grand Cayman. It’s another plant taxonomists have trundled over to the Plantaginaceae – uggh”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXwS6T2/

2022.04.17.02  Croton, Cozumel.  “Known horticulturally as Croton, this plant is classified in the genus Codiaeum, a word using all of the non-y vowels. Because of floral structure, Linnaeus classified it with Acalypha and Ricinus, other robust Euphorbs with fancy leaves and toxic seed. They are all Euphorbs, but today we associate Acalypha with Ricinus (Castorbean), while the Crotons are in their own Subfamily.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwH9uq/

2022.04.17.03  Palm, Cozumel.  “Closed-sheath palms have a tidy appearance, but at the cost of fallen leaves in the landscape due to constant shedding. Note the similarity of the sheath-wrapped inflorescence to vegetative leaves cloaking the main trunk”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXwhqkV/

2022.04.17.04  Enterolobium, Belize.  “A small genus of common lowland trees with “ear-shaped” fruit (beans, in that these are Legumes), some Enterolobium species are massive, spreading specimens (such as the Guanacaste tree).”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXwjPMe/

2022.04.17.05  Coconuts, Belize.  “Still in Belize, where small groves of tall Coconut palms are really common; we even passed a nursery growing out hundreds of seedlings.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwhrHQ/

2022.04.17.06  Hibiscus, Cozumel.  “Check out a “double” Hibiscus, and you’ll see the extra petals are formed from the column of combined filaments characteristic of this genus, indeed of the Malvaceae as a whole”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwNdVT/

2022.04.17.07  Acalypha, Cozumel.  “The copper-leaf form of Acalypha was most common horticulturally when I was a kid, but now we see many different selections (like this variegated-edge one) used throughout the tropics”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwfALV/

2022.04.17.08  Zephyrathes, Cross City.  “Appropriate to Easter, roadsides from Cross City to Panacea (Florida) were bedecked with flowering Atamasco Lilies, also sometimes referred to as Easter Lilies, or Rain Lilies. Of course, contemporary Systematists believe that many plants we often call “lilies” (Agapanthus, Daylily, Lily-of-the-Valley) are in the Asparagus clade, most closely related to Orchids and Agaves than to the plant more logically termed Easter Lily, which is the Madonna Lily, Lilium candidum.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwuch8/

2022.04.17.09  Mimosa, Cross City.  “Interesting to me, this pretty pink-flowered Mimosa grew particularly well along the absolute edge of the highway asphalt…, creating a line of pink flowers along the pavement edge. Who knew a plant could own such a curious and harsh microhabitat.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXw5149/

2022.04.17.10  Tobacco, Cozumel.   “One last clip from Cozumel, an island town along the coast of Quintana Roo, a Mexican State along the Eastern/Southern third of the Yucatán Peninsula, a place economically driven by the cruise industry. In ports like this, Travelers take take advantage of tax-free plant products, like liquor, perfume, and smokes.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXwA53H/

2022.04.18.01  Ceratiola.  “The odd-man-out Ceratiola ericoides used to be classified as a mono specific genus in the Empetraceae, but along with its cohorts in that small family is now one member of a Tribe of Ericads. Its allelopathic ways do not make the plant a congenial addition.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwA3GL/

2022.04.19.01  Drosera tracyi.  “Amazingly common along roadsides and wet edges, the beautiful Drosera tracyi (listed as a form of D. filiformis in Wikipedia) comes into flower in the Panhandle. It honors Samuel M. Tracy, who wrote an early flora of Missouri and was the 1st Director of Mississippi’s Exp. Station. The Texas A&M Herbarium is named for him. Tracy’s birthday, 39 April 1847, is coming up”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXw9rjU/

2022.04.19.02  Aletris lutea.  “Aletris lutea glows in translucent yellow amid a popn. of what appears to be Erigeron vernus (let me know). The related Aletris farinosa (named by Linnaeus in the first edition of Species Plantarum, and the type for this genus) was among the original herbs in Lydia Pinkham’s Vegetable Compound.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwjkSf/

2022.04.19.03  Sarracenia.  “Chancing on a nice red-Beiber form of Sarracenia flava…. It seems simply to be a reasonably common form, but could it reflect ancient introgression with other species, perhaps the more deeply colored Sarracenia psittacina or the richly colored S rosea?”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXw9dXx/

2022.04.19.04  Scutellaria floridana.  “Scutellaria floridana, first described and named by A. W. Chapman, the famed Apalachicola botanist, is a lovely treasure to encounter in the grassy floor of pine flatwoods – just 20 miles from Chapman’s home on the coast.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwFvqP/

2022.04.19.05  Oclemena reticulata.  “The striking Whitetop Aster, currently bearing the name Oclemena reticulata, reminds us that Edward L. Greene, who originated the generic name Oclemena, was a prodigious botanist – having described over 4,400 plant species from Western North America. Perhaps his personal library, housed at Univ of Notre Dame could provide some clue as to the reason he coined the term Oclemena.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwmQv6/

2022.04.19.06  Calopogon pallidus.  “The flowers of this delicate orchid certainly match key characters for Calopogon pallidus. I couldn’t believe the hundreds of plants that I saw sparsely scattered over acres of pine flatwoods. Subtle but significant.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXwuYnB/

2022.04.19.07  Baptisia lanceolata.  “Baptisia lanceolata ((Gopherweed) is a relatively common Southeastern perennial, with distinctive short-percolate to nearly sessile, glabrous, trifoliate leaves”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXw2CPd/  https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwmD13/. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwfoUF/. https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwjBsq/

2022.04.19.08  Justicia crassifolia.  “The reason it doesn’t look like Agalinus is that it isn’t! I learned (using iNaturalist) this is a Justicia. With somewhat succulent leaves it would key to Justicia crassifolia, the the thinner-leaves plant (Justicia angusta) is more common. Sure fits the description for the rarer J. crassifolia (Thickleaf Waterwillow). I’ll delve further and let you know”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwaykL/

2022.04.19.09  Stenanthium densum  “In this population of Stenanthium densum (Osceola’s Plume), most of which are beginning to generate mature fruit, there are still newly-flowering plants, some of which are smaller – leading me to wonder about the presence of the similar & related, but smaller and later-flowering Amianthium muscaetoxicum (Flypoison)”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwUHeK/

2022.04.20.01  Coreopsis nudata.  “Another extensive population of Coreopsis nudata, north of Pt St Joe. Regardless as to my referencing the opening as a “bud” and the entire head of florets as the “flower” , we all agree that a Composite is a head of small flowers that comes across as one blossom”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwyB4e/

2022.04.20.02  Packera.  “Butterweed! (Packera glabella). Note that since Clewell’s 1984 flora, this plant (along with more than 60 other plants Ada Gray called the Aureoid senecios) was segregated to the genus Packera. It’s a rather handsome, somewhat weedy-seeming flat-topped daisy with deeply cut leaves – common through Florida.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwDkF7/

2022.04.20.03  Sisyrinchium.  “In Wunderlin & Hansen, Sisyrinchium rosulatum subsumes S. exile, i.e. they are synonymous. The acuminate tips to perianth segments seem to distinguish this plant from the natives.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwyL5F/

2022.04.20.04  Vaccinium arboreum.  “Check out this medium-sized shrub simply covered in petite, nicely bell-shaped white flowers. It keys to Vaccinium arboreum, i.e. Sparkleberry. Let me know otherwise. Great bent awns on the anthers”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwUwFK/

2022.04.20.05  Scutellaria integrifolia.  “Another handsome Scutellaria is flowering right now – this one north of Pt. St. Joe. Looks to be Scutellaria integrifolia, a native Eastern US plant, common enough to have been known to (and named by) Linnaeus.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXw9d7w/

2022.04.20.06  Drosera capillaris.  “Drosera capillaris can be found native to every county in Florida (though there are two in IBS where it is not “documented” or “vouchered”). It’s an archetypal Drosera, about as precious as anything so ferocious can be.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwSggV/

2022.04.20.07  Justicia.  “Chapman described two different but similar “Waterwillows” now classified as Justicias- the very local and rare J. crassifolia and the more widespread J. angusta. This one seems to have thick leaves, suggesting it might be J. crassifolia”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwfv7P/

2022.04.20.08  Amorpha fruticosa.  “The swamp shrub, Amorpha fruticosa (also called Bastard Indigo), produces these long, narrow racemes of flowers, each with a short green calyx with a single deep purple petal (the standard) protruding and hooding the anthers”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwNanm/

2022.04.20.09  Polygala nana.  “Polygala nana bears these heads of chartreuse yellow flowers, each of which has two “wings” (petaloid sepals) with acuminate tips. (And it was Howard’s Creek Landing, not Hickory Creek)”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwSfxn/

2022.04.20.10  Polygala nana and lutea.  “Comparing Polygala nana to plants of Polygala lutea (which have orange flowers, though the name signifies yellow). The “wings” of each P. nana flower stretch into a drawn-out point (acuminate), while those of P. lutea constrict and then project into an a small point – being caudate (which refers to a tail)”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwAJ7e/

2022.04.21.01  Argemone.  “Someone must have tossed a batch of wildflower seed along this bare sand road construction site. I’ve never seen such luxurious specimens of Prckly Poppy (Argemone albiflora) which I know from Texas, and have not seen otherwise here in Florida (though floras claim it as native to disturbed sites)”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwfgKy/

2022.04.21.02  Native Nurseries, Tallahassee.  “Late spring for North Florida wildflowers…. Welcome to Native Nurseries in Tallahassee, where In picked up another native Hibiscus, a Biola, a Stokesia, and a Spigelia. How they will do on the Island is up for grabs“   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXw67fN/

2022.04.21.03  Kalmia latifolia.  “This shrubby Kalmia latifolia pairs with a low, hairy cousin, Kalmia hirsuta that is native to the coastal pine flatwoods, and is called “Wicky””   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXw2aqN/

2022.04.21.04  Hydrangea quercifolia.  “The native Oak-leaf Hydrangea has always been a wonderful garden plant, but the opportunities have expanded with many useful selections over the past few decades.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwf1gP/

2022.04.21.05  Vaccinium arboreum.  “Vaccinium arboreum, which Kurtz & Godfrey describe as “enchanting and distinctive” – outs white flowers “borne in profusion… on racemes resembling sprays of Lily-of-the-Valley.” (Trees of Northern Florida)”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwSPG9/

2022.04.21.06  Spigelia marylandica.  “Spigelia marylandica pairs off with Lonicera sempervirens as native woodland plants that produce tubular red flowers in late spring to early summer. – which aligns with presence of the Ruby- throated hummingbirds (though I’ve not seen a single hummer this year)”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwMHur/

2022.04.21.07  Magnolia ashei.  “A small specimen of Magnilia ashei welcomes visitors to Tallahassee’s Native Nurseries. Called the Dwarf Bigleaf Magnolia, M. ashei , the same tree is endemic to the Florida Panhandle”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXwaB8k/

2022.04.21.08  Asclepius with Monarch.  “Metamorphosis! at Tallahassee’s Native Nurseries – BOGO – purchase an Asclepias and take home a caterpillar that will eat all of its leaves. Make your own Monarch.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwM7Au/

2022.04.21.09  Catharanthus intros.  “Given the wide range of natural forms, the artificial human standard for floricultural perfection remains the dinner-plate – a round floral form that fills its circular space with color – eschewing gaps and protrusions. In the hands of hybridizers, every different kind of flower ends up with the same form. The curious oddities that stray are lost over time.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwNfn9/

2022.04.21.10  Zinnia profusion.  “Do you remember when striped Zinnias were all the rage decades ago? Check out this curious form in which the ray flowers do not lay down, rather they orient upwardly, creating a different dimensionality to the flowering head.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPdXwh1fc/

2022.04.21.11  Plectranthus ‘Velvet Elvis’.  “Plectranthus hybrid‘Velvet Elvis’ – introduced in 2013 by Terra Nova Nurseries (Canby, OR) with a US Plant Patent filed in the name of its inventor, Harumi Korlipara. Download and read the US 2014 patent document- US 2014/0182037 P1.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwScoX/

2022.04.21.12  Penguicula pumila.  “My Sopchoppy friend in FNPS, David Roddenberry, tells me this is Penguicula pumila, and it’s called the “Small Butterwort” – but I find it hard to resist calling it the “Pygmy Pinguicula””    https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwFLdg/

2022.04.21.13  Lonicera sempervirens.  “Lonicera sempervirens in a native setting on Wakulla County, near Ochlockonee Bay. It’s one of those personality-ridden “garden-ready” natives, waiting (I guess) for a hummingbird.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTdXwrFdm/

2022.04.22.01 Smilax, all male flowers (filmed a few days ago).  “Stay tuned – this is the first of theee clips, in this case showing all male flowers. Floras confirm Smilax to be dioecious, thus you’d expect a single plant to have all male (staminate) flowers. But to encounter only staminate flowers, plant after plant, is bewildering.“   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTd4eQeb2/

2022.04.22.02 Smilax, finally a cluster of pistillate flowers.  “This cluster of female flowers (though surrounded by cluster of male flowers) is surely on a vine with other such umbels, since it seems Smilax is indeed dioecious. That means we expect each separate plant to produce only male (staminate) or female (pistillate) flowers. This tangle of vines must include at least one female.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/TTPd4e7T3d/

2022.04.22.03 Smilax, comparing male and female flowers  “Following up on this male/female Smilax issue. Here we see both kinds of flowers together.”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTd4esu8n/

2022.04.22.04  Smilax, a vine with several clusters of female flowers.  “The “literature” confirms Smilax is dioecious. What’s seems evident in the St. George Island populations is the overwhelming proportionality of male plants to female in this population. You have to search diligently to encounter plants bearing female flowers”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTd4ecSsJ/

2022.04.22.05  Ilex glabra.  “Gallberry appears to vary from dioecious to monoecious, plants in this small colony showing both staminate and pistillate flowers. The foliage is quite tidy, like an open, loose boxwood. The plant is native throughout coastal Eastern North America”   https://vm.tiktok.com/ZTd4eGudj/

2022.04.23.01 FNPS Calopogon pale “A pure white form of Calopogon pallidus, seen today in Apalachicola National Forest while on a field trip with David Roddenberry and members of the Sarracenia Chapter, Florida 

Native Plant Society”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHYVb6/

2022.04.23.02 FNPS Asclepias “Yes, this seems to be Asclepias longifolia, a great find in mixed population with A. michauxii and in close proximity to A. pedicellata. This is a strikingly handsome plant.”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbH9BFr/

2022.04.23.03 FNPS Calopogon “Finding spectacular samples of the incredible Panhandle flora on. FNPS outing – in this case a particularly perfect specimen of the orchid Calopogon tuberosus.“  https://www.tiktok.com/t/TTPdbHY7oT/

2022.04.23.04 FNPS Asclepias “Yes, this seems to be Asclepias longifolia, a great find in mixed population with A. michauxii and in close proximity to A. pedicellata. This is a strikingly handsome plant.”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHSkAy/

2022.04.23.05 FNPS Sarracenia “Sarracenia flava takes a striking stance in the Panhandle Pine Flatwoods. What’s most curious is the places it’s not seen. Populations disappear as you near the coast, augmented by that curious, oft-repeated Aucilla-Suwannee River gap”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/TTPdbHHa3M/

2022.04.23.06 FNPS Asclepias “In the FNPS walk today, hunkering under the wire grass were two, diminutive fragile plants of the curious Asclepias pedicellata – the Savannah Milkweed.”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHBCB2/

2022.04.23.07 FNPS Charred Pine “This Longleaf Pine “seedling” had just moved into the “bottlebrush“ stage from the “grass” stage. So this “seedling” could be over 7 years old.”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/TTPdbHmvtP/

2022.04.23.08 FNPS Aster “Now accepted in Greene’s genus Ionactis, the Flax Leaf Aster (Ionactis linarifolia) is one of the segregate genera inheriting plants once grouped as genus Aster. Greene constructed the generic name from ‘ion’ (violet) and ‘aktis’ (ray).”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHH5kM/

2022.04.23.09 FNPS Cleistesiopsis “Years ago, we’d have labeled this as Pogonia divaricata, but recent studies not only move these plants to the genus Cleistesiopsis, but also segregate most Florida plants as Cleistesiopsos oriocamporum”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/TTPdbHFFXd/

2022.04.23.10 FNPS Sarracenia “Some spectacular natural sites in Apalachicola National Forest- here in a seepage, just down slope from a low pine ridge (and at the edge of a swamp) we find a huge population of Sarracenia psittacina, edging nice stands of Sarracenia flava.”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHrA5M/

2022.04.23.11 FNPS Calopogon “On today’s field trip we ran into a magnificent population of Calopogon tuberosus – with enough individuals to show quite a bit of variation. And, because this is a mixed population of 3 species (C. tuberosus, C. barbatus & C. pallidus) we see a suggestion of introgreased forms.”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHmh7A/

2022.04.23.12 FNPS Calopogon “Maybe, just perhaps maybe, we’re looking at a Calopogon tuberosus with what would seem to be some genetics of Calopogon pallidus baked into the genome.”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/TTPdbHxkEq/

2022.04.23.13 FNPS Pinguicula “Perhaps not a show-stopper, but it was nice to have a chance to see a rare Butterwort that still had a single flower to help with identification- so a small and isolated population of Pinguicula ionantha, known only from 5 counties surrounding the lower forests along the Apalachicola River”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/TTPdbHHSgA/

2022.04.23.14 FNPS Sarracenia minor “Yet another flowering Sarracenia, the Hooded Pitcherplant – Sarracenia minor. It’s a day for carnivores, as you will see in the next clip.”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHFS5F/

2022.04.23.15 FNPS Dionaea “David Roddenberry shows the Sarracenia Chapter members an outpost of Venus Flytrap, here in Liberty County, FL. These natives to the 34th parallel along the coast of North and South Carolina have, over the past 3 decades, begun to appear in natural settings in the Panhandle. Almost certainly introduced, I don’t hear anyone complaining. There are not people paid to extirpate them (yet).”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/TTPdbHrs1o/

2022.04.23.16 FNPS Helenium “Sneezeweed – a common Helenium in wet areas of the forest. Probably Helenium pinnatifidum, but could be H. vernalehttps://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHa7WX/

2022.04.23.17 FNPS Wright Lake  LLPinecone “Forests around the Southeast have dedicated large tracts of land to restoring Longleaf Pine forests that, at one time, blanketed huge areas – 90 million acres. (Today less than 5% of that area is canopies by this tree.)”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHm6Uq/

2022.04.24.01 Scutellaria comparison “Comparing two large-flowered Scutellaria in the Florida Panhanddle. The widespread S. integrifolia has a horizontal, smaller flower in congested racemes, with narrow-elliptic leaves along the stem. Scutellaria floridana has long, narrow, linear lvs and distantly-spaced floral nodes.”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHAnAj/

2022.04.24.02 Scutelleria comparison “Comparing the widespread Scutellaria integrifolia to the Panhandle endemic Scutellaria floridana. Note the more erect posture of the Floridana blossom, it’s more open spacing, and (of course )long, linear leaves”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHuQTh/

2022.04.24.03 Asclepias perennis “The return of the Asclepias perennis, with 4 stems and a minor barrage of flowering umbels. One of 20+ Asclepias found in Florida. Hammer’s Wildflower book tells us the stems root in place easily, which explains how my plant has self-propagated.”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHPXBQ/

2022.04.24.04 Desmodium “Keys out as the introduce Desmodium incanum, not from Europe but rather from South America. No surprise there has been confusion about the scientific name for this weedy plant. Even the common name has issues. I always called it Beggar-tick, but ISB calls it “Zarzabacoa Comun””  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHM2FD/

2022.04.24.05 Smilax female “Further confirmation that Smilax is dioecious. The flowering is short lived, so I’m happy to have made these observations; one less mystery about the world around me.”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/TTPdbHYRHA/

2022.04.24.06 Scoparius “Called Broomwort for no apparent reason, Scoparia Montevideo sis is a low and finely-texture roadside herb dosimeter from just a very few counties in North Florida. It’s related to the native (accepted as native) Scoparia dulcis Licoriceweed), a shrubby herb with white flowers that is widespread in lowland Tropical America.”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/TTPdbHkw62/

2022.04.24.07 Onion “Allium, a genus of over 800 species, takes its name from the Latin word for Garlic. This wild onion (Allium canadense) is native to Eastern North America, and thrives where introduced. There are forms that produce mostly flowers, but var. canadense (which we have here on St. George Island) generates mostly bulbils.”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbH9bbv/

2022.04.24.08 Erigeron “Well, this requires further study. Key differences between Erigeron quercifolius and Erigeron philadelphicus relate to involucres being less than 4mm tall vs. more than 4mm, and trichomes being shorter than the stem width vs longer….”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHH1Hj/

2022.04.25.01 Medicago-Trifolium comparison “A Tale of Three Clovers. It was the best of times. Or was it the worst of times? Distinguishing Trifolium campestre from the look-alike Medicago lupulina and the spiny-fruited Medicago polymorpha. Or let me know if these are completely other taxa…”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHBWhV/

2022.04.26.01 Tomato “I’m accustomed to seeing drops of plant sap at the tips of grass blades. It’s guttation, when conditions are just right for root pressure to force plant sap to exude from veins along leaf margins. But this is the first time I’ve noted guttation in tomato leaves. Conditions must be just right – a foggy morning with warm, moist soil, active growth, etc.”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/TTPdbH5mDj/

2022.04.26.02 SambucusSambucus and the related Viburnums have been moved to a wholly new alignment (closer to Teasel and the Asters) as major components of the Viburnum family, also called the Adoxaceae.

“  https://www.tiktok.com/t/TTPdbHMspq/

2022.04.26.03 Smilax female “One more encounter with pistillate Smilax flowers. Remember, this plant is dioecious, so a single plant will produce umbels of flowers that are either all pistillate (female) or staminate (male).”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHmc5E/

2022.04.26.04 Gallberry “Last year’s crop of Gallberries (Ilex) seems untouched. This current year’s crop of Dewberries is consumed as quickly as the fruit mature. But the various kinds of holly berries remain on the bushes. They must not be highly desirable”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHx45o/

2022.04.28.01 PterocaulonPterocaulon pycnostachyum, a native member of the daisy family that defies the typical look. Each element embedded in the hairs is a cluster of disk flowers – a capitulum in daisy terms”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHFuR3/

2022.04.28.02 Ilex vomitoria young fruit “Ilex vomitoria is distinctly dioecious- fruit being produced on shrubs that bore pistillate flowers only, while other individuals produced strictly staminate (male) flowers.”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHMPvE/

2022.04.29.01 Comparison leaf Trifolium Medicago “Comparing three “clovers” a bit more carefully. Trifolium campestre retains the perianth as a membranous sheath around developing fruit. Medicago lupulina (Black Medic) has smaller flower heads with warty fruit that turn black. Medicago polymorpha has larger flowers that develop into spiny fruit.”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHuobH/

2022.04.29.02 Rumex and vacant lot “A vacant lot can harbor a wide array of native and introduced plants. I fear this spot will get tidied up before I can document its richness”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHFwjs/

2022.04.30.01 Blountstown “The Magnolia chapter of FNPS celebrates their new Pollinator Garden at Blountstown Depot as part of the North Florida Wildflower Festival.”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHkgvJ/ https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHBDa1/

2022.04.30.02 Blountstown “Meeting Karen & Travis MacClendon in Blountstown (see our visit to their home in May, 2022.05.07.02). The flowers came from their 25-acre property a few miles south of town. They were a significant pet of the team who played the Pollinator Garden”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHSts5/

2022.04.30.03 Blountstown “Liz Sparks, a regional coordinator for the Florida Wildflower Foundation, greets people and hands out info at Blountstown’s North Florida Wildflower Festival. Liz encourages people to follow Doug Tallamy in taking conservation in our own hands”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbHSuaB/

2022.04.30.04 Utricularia “A mass-flowering of (what looks to be) the fragile Utricularia purpurea in a roadside swamp – Liberty County, FL. The tiny flowers are so numerous as to form a soft pink-purple haze floating on the dark waters”  https://www.tiktok.com/t/ZTdbH6qWM/

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